The purpose of this paper is to develop a method of constructing density distribution charts in roundwood log based on the density values obtained with a resistograph. The problem of improving the performance properties of structures made of wood and wood-based composite materials and laminated products is particularly relevant for construction in the northern regions. The experience of building in Yakutia shows sufficient reliability and durability of structures made of larch wood, despite the fact that their use is associated with technological challenges: larch planks warp and crack during the drying process; rigidity of wood increases. These disadvantages are caused by the structural features of the wood material; the degree of their intensity is proportional to the index of wood density. This paper presents the methods and results of qualitative research on wood indices obtained in laboratory and field conditions, as well as the authors’ methods of graphical representation of density distribution in the cross and axial sections of a tree trunk, which are based on measurements taken via the method of oriented drilling. In the experimental studies, we performed a comparative analysis of the two-dimensional charts of density distribution with the charts of velocity distribution of acoustic pulses produced by a sonic tomograph “Arbotom”. The elaborated method of evaluating the quality indicators of forest resources contributes to the expansion of the boundaries of wood-based material utilization, reduces their cost and improves the quality of construction of wooden structures and buildings.
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