Response of soil sulfur availability to elevation and degradation in the Wugong Mountain meadow, China

DOI:10.17221/83/2017-PSECitation:Li Z., Zhang L., Chen J., Zhang X.L., Yu S.Q., Zhang W.Y., Ma X.C., Guo X.M., Niu D.K. (2017): Response of soil sulfur availability to elevation and degradation in the Wugong Mountain meadow, China. Plant Soil Environ., 63: 250-256.
download PDF

Vegetation restorations of degraded meadows have been widely implemented. The evaluation of soil nutrient changes as affected by degradation is vital for efficient restorations. However, while macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) have been widely investigated, sulfur (S) as one important element correlated tightly with other nutrients has not been thoroughly studied. Two studies were conducted to determine changes of sulfur as affected by degradation and elevation gradients. The results showed that available S (AS) changed non-linearly with elevation and the first principal component based on other soil nutrient variables. Soil AS depended on degradation levels and contributed substantially to the separation of meadows with different degradation levels. Moreover, AS responded stronger to changes in elevation gradients and degradation levels compared with other major nutrients. Thereby, AS could be an important nutrient responding to meadow disturbance, which should be considered in future studies on meadow soil nutrients cycling and vegetation restorations. The findings have implications for ecological restoration of degraded meadows with respect to soil nutrient management and conservations.

Cai Zucong, Zhang Jinbo, Zhu Tongbin, Cheng Yi (2012): Stimulation of NO and N2O emissions from soils by SO2 deposition. Global Change Biology, 18, 2280-2291 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02688.x
Chen Hao, Yang Liqiong, Wen Li, Luo Pan, Liu Lu, Yang Yi, Wang Kelin, Li Dejun (2016): Effects of nitrogen deposition on soil sulfur cycling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30, 1568-1577 doi:10.1002/2016GB005423
De Deyn Gerlinde B., Cornelissen Johannes H. C., Bardgett Richard D. (2008): Plant functional traits and soil carbon sequestration in contrasting biomes. Ecology Letters, 11, 516-531 doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01164.x
Deng Bangliang, Li Zhenzhen, Zhang Ling, Ma Yingchao, Li Zhi, Zhang Wenyuan, Guo Xiaomin, Niu Dekui, Siemann Evan (2016): Increases in soil CO2 and N2O emissions with warming depend on plant species in restored alpine meadows of Wugong Mountain, China. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 16, 777-784 doi:10.1007/s11368-015-1307-z
Droux Michel (2004): Sulfur Assimilation and the Role of Sulfur in Plant Metabolism: A Survey. Photosynthesis Research, 79, 331-348 doi:10.1023/B:PRES.0000017196.95499.11
Fan Jianling, Xu Yehong, Chen Zengming, Xiao Jiao, Liu Deyan, Luo Jiafa, Bolan Nanthi, Ding Weixin (2017): Sulfur deposition suppressed nitrogen-induced soil N2O emission from a subtropical forestland in southeastern China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 233, 163-170 doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.11.017
Gebauer G., Giesemann A., Schulze E. -D., Jäger H. -J. (1994): Isotope ratios and concentrations of sulfur and nitrogen in needles and soils of Picea abies stands as influenced by atmospheric deposition of sulfur and nitrogen compounds. Plant and Soil, 164, 267-281 doi:10.1007/BF00010079
Jiang L.B., Zhang L., Deng B.L., Liu X.S., Yi H.Q., Xiang H., Li Z., Zhang W.Y., Guo X.M., Niu D.K. (2016): Alpine meadow restorations by non-dominant species increased soil nitrogen transformation rates but decreased their sensitivity to warming. Journal of Soils and Sediments: 1–9.
Kopeć M. (2002): Causes of mountain meadow soil chemical degradation in long-term fertilizer experiment. Plant, Soil and Environment, 48: 159–166.
Li Yaoming, Wang Shiping, Jiang Lili, Zhang Lirong, Cui Shujuan, Meng Fandong, Wang Qi, Li Xine, Zhou Yang (2016): Changes of soil microbial community under different degraded gradients of alpine meadow. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 222, 213-222 doi:10.1016/j.agee.2016.02.020
Liu Shuli, Tang Yanhong, Zhang Fawei, Du Yangong, Lin Li, Li Yikang, Guo Xiaowei, Li Qian, Cao Guangmin (2017): Changes of soil organic and inorganic carbon in relation to grassland degradation in Northern Tibet. Ecological Research, 32, 395-404 doi:10.1007/s11284-017-1447-2
liu xiuping, Zhang W., Liu Z., Qu F., Tang X. (): Changes in species diversity and above-ground biomass of shrubland over long-term natural restoration process in the Taihang Mountain in North China. Plant, Soil and Environment, 57, 505-512 doi:10.17221/216/2011-PSE
Nguyen M. L., Goh K. M. (1992): Status and distribution of soil sulphur fractions, total nitrogen and organic carbon in camp and non-camp soils of grazed pastures supplied with long-term superphosphate. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 14, 181-190 doi:10.1007/BF00346059
Wilhelm Scherer Heinrich (2009): Sulfur in soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 172, 326-335 doi:10.1002/jpln.200900037
Schmidt Fabiana, De Bona Fabiano Daniel, Silveira Cristiane Prezotto, Monteiro Francisco Antonio (2012): Soil sulfur fractions dynamics and distribution in a tropical grass pasture amended with nitrogen and sulfur fertilizers. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 175, 60-67 doi:10.1002/jpln.201100097
Shi Shengwei, Peng Changhui, Wang Meng, Zhu Qiuan, Yang Gang, Yang Yanzheng, Xi Tingting, Zhang Tinglong (2016): A global meta-analysis of changes in soil carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur, and stoichiometric shifts after forestation. Plant and Soil, 407, 323-340 doi:10.1007/s11104-016-2889-y
Tipping Edward, Somerville Cayman J., Luster Jörg (2016): The C:N:P:S stoichiometry of soil organic matter. Biogeochemistry, 130, 117-131 doi:10.1007/s10533-016-0247-z
Wang Jingkuan, Solomon Dawit, Lehmann Johannes, Zhang Xudong, Amelung Wulf (2006): Soil organic sulfur forms and dynamics in the Great Plains of North America as influenced by long-term cultivation and climate. Geoderma, 133, 160-172 doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.07.003
Wang T.-J., Yang H.-M., Gao L.-J., Zhang Y., Hu Z.-Y., Xu C.-K. (2005): Atmospheric sulfur deposition on farmland in East China. Pedosphere, 15: 120–128.
XIAO Hua-Yun, LI Nan, LIU Cong-Qiang (2015): Source Identification of Sulfur in Uncultivated Surface Soils from Four Chinese Provinces. Pedosphere, 25, 140-149 doi:10.1016/S1002-0160(14)60084-9
Yang Zhihui, Singh Bal Ram, Hansen Sissel, Hu Zhengyi, Riley Hugh (2007): Aggregate Associated Sulfur Fractions in Long-Term (>80 Years) Fertilized Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 71, 163- doi:10.2136/sssaj2006.0242
Zhao F.Z., Han X.H., Yang G.H., Feng Y.Z., Ren G.X. (2014): Soil structure and carbon distribution in subsoil affected by vegetation restoration. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 21–26.
download PDF

© 2017 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences