Application of historical and recent aerial imagery in monitoring water erosion occurrences in Czech highlands

DOI:10.17221/178/2015-SWRCitation:Báčová M., Krása J.: (2016): Application of historical and recent aerial imagery in monitoring water erosion occurrences in Czech highlands. Soil & Water Res., 11: 267-276.
download PDF

This study is focused on the historical evolution of a heavily eroded field with discontinuous grass cover on a major thalweg (ephemeral gully). Tens of parcels originally formed a protective pattern in the study area, and the thalweg was permanently covered with grass. During the period of collectivization, the field structure had been unified into a compact 34 ha parcel, which resulted in the formation of ephemeral gullies after every heavy rainfall event. Historical and recent aerial photographs were used to analyze the erosion occurrences, vegetation degradation connected with the erosion processes, and the land-use pattern. The visual erosion pattern assessment has indicated that in this field, rills and other erosion manifestations have repeatedly developed in the same locations in different time periods. The soil erosion hazard was also modelled by the new Czech erosion model Atlas EROZE. A comparison between the modelling results and the assessment of real visual data shows that areas at risk can be identified by both these methods. In addition, the land-use pattern was modelled using two different scenarios. The results suggest that soil erosion can be significantly reduced by segmentation of the field into smaller plots.

References:
Bauer M., Kavka P., Janotová B., Krása J., Dostál T., Davidová T. (2014): Experimental research of soil erosion processes in the Czech Republic. In: 14th Int. Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM, Albena, June 17–26, 2014: 131–138.
 
Bauer T., Strauss P., Grims M., Kamptner E., Mansberger R., Spiegel H. (2015): Long-term agricultural management effects on surface roughness and consolidation of soils. Soil and Tillage Research, 151, 28-38 doi:10.1016/j.still.2015.01.017
 
Bičı́k Ivan, Jeleček Leoš, Štěpánek Vı́t (2001): Land-use changes and their social driving forces in Czechia in the 19th and 20th centuries. Land Use Policy, 18, 65-73 doi:10.1016/S0264-8377(00)00047-8
 
Bouma J, Varallyay G, Batjes N.H (1998): Principal land use changes anticipated in Europe. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 67, 103-119 doi:10.1016/S0167-8809(97)00109-6
 
Davidová Tereza, Dostál T., David V., Strauss P. (): Determining the protective effect of agricultural crops on the soil erosion process using a field rainfall simulator. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 109-115 doi:10.17221/903/2014-PSE
 
de Jong S.M., Paracchini M.L., Bertolo F., Folving S., Megier J., de Roo A.P.J. (1999): Regional assessment of soil erosion using the distributed model SEMMED and remotely sensed data. CATENA, 37, 291-308 doi:10.1016/S0341-8162(99)00038-7
 
Desmet P.J.J., Govers G. (1996): A GIS-procedure for automatically calculating the USLE LS-factor on topographically complex landscape units. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 51: 427–433.
 
d'Oleire-Oltmanns Sebastian, Marzolff Irene, Peter Klaus, Ries Johannes (2012): Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) for Monitoring Soil Erosion in Morocco. Remote Sensing, 4, 3390-3416 doi:10.3390/rs4113390
 
Eltner Anette, Baumgart Philipp, Maas Hans-Gerd, Faust Dominik (2015): Multi-temporal UAV data for automatic measurement of rill and interrill erosion on loess soil. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 40, 741-755 doi:10.1002/esp.3673
 
Feranec Ján, Šúri Marcel, Ot'ahel' Ján, Cebecauer Tomáš, Kolář Ján, Soukup Tomáš, Zdeňková Dagmar, Waszmuth Jiří, Vâjdea Vasile, Vîjdea Anca-Marina, Nitica Constantin (2000): Inventory of major landscape changes in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovak Republic 1970s – 1990s. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 2, 129-139 doi:10.1016/S0303-2434(00)85006-0
 
Fulajtár E. (2001): Identification of severely eroded soils from remote sensing data tested in Rišňovce, Slovakia. In: Stott D.E., Mohtar R.H., Steinhard G.C. (eds): 10th Int. Soil Conservation Organization Meeting Sustaining the Global Farm, West Lafayette, May 24–29, 1999: 1075–1081. Available at http://topsoil.nserl.purdue.edu/nserlweb-old/isco99/pdf/ISCOdisc/SustainingTheGlobalFarm/P022-Fulajtar.pdf
 
Frazier B.E., McCool D.K., Engle C.F. (1983): Soil erosion in the Palouse: an aerial perspective. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 38: 70–74.
 
Golosov V., Belyaev V. (2013): Assessing the effectiveness of long-term application of soil conservation measures at the Novosil study site, Central Russia, using different methods. In: Limtong P., Sirichuaychoo W., Chitchumnong T., Dissatapon C., Waramit W., Leaungvutiviroj C., Chuenpichai K., Watana S., Puttaso A., Kunta K., Damrongsadsiri K., Jaichuen A. (eds): Proc. Workshop Sustainable Land Management to Enhance Food Production of APEC Members, Chiang Mai, Nov 28–30, 2012: 169–178.
 
Kaiser Andreas, Neugirg Fabian, Rock Gilles, Müller Christoph, Haas Florian, Ries Johannes, Schmidt Jürgen (2014): Small-Scale Surface Reconstruction and Volume Calculation of Soil Erosion in Complex Moroccan Gully Morphology Using Structure from Motion. Remote Sensing, 6, 7050-7080 doi:10.3390/rs6087050
 
Kavka P., Krása J., Bek S. (2013): Computing LS factor by runoff paths on TIN. In: Geophysical Research Abstracts, Wiena, Apr 7–12, 2013.
 
Kavka P., Devátý J., Vláčilová M., Krása J., Dostál T. (2014): Comparison of soil erosion rills identification by mathematical models and aerial photographs. In: 14th Int. Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM, Albena, June 17–26, 2014: 521–528.
 
Krása J., Středová H., Dostál T., Novotný I. (2014): Rainfall erosivity research on the territory of the Czech Republic. In: Rožnovský J., Litschmann T.: Mendel a Bioklimatologie, Brno, Sept 3–5, 2014.
 
Kubátová E., Janeček M., Kobzová D. (2009): Time variations of rainfall erosivity factor in the Czech Republic. Soil and Water Research, 4: 131–141.
 
Maugnard Alexandre, Cordonnier Hélène, Degre Aurore, Demarcin Pierre, Pineux Nathalie, Bielders Charles L. (2014): Uncertainty assessment of ephemeral gully identification, characteristics and topographic threshold when using aerial photographs in agricultural settings. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 39, 1319-1330 doi:10.1002/esp.3526
 
Merritt W.S., Letcher R.A., Jakeman A.J. (2003): A review of erosion and sediment transport models. Environmental Modelling & Software, 18: 761–799.
 
Mhangara Paidamwoyo, Kakembo Vincent, Lim Kyoung Jae (2012): Soil erosion risk assessment of the Keiskamma catchment, South Africa using GIS and remote sensing. Environmental Earth Sciences, 65, 2087-2102 doi:10.1007/s12665-011-1190-x
 
Nearing M. A. (1997): A Single, Continuous Function for Slope Steepness Influence on Soil Loss. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 61, 917- doi:10.2136/sssaj1997.03615995006100030029x
 
Novotný I. et al. (2014): Soil Erosion and Conservation Handbook. Prague, Ministry of Agriculture. (in Czech)
 
Sklenicka Petr (2006): Applying evaluation criteria for the land consolidation effect to three contrasting study areas in the Czech Republic. Land Use Policy, 23, 502-510 doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2005.03.001
 
Stankoviansky M., Cebecauer T., Hanušin J., Lehotský M., Solín L., Šúri M., Urbánek J. (2000): Response of a fluvial system to large-scale land use changes: the Jablonka catchment, Slovakia. In: The Hydrology-Geomorphology Interface: Rainfall, Floods, Sedimentation, Land Use (Proceedings of the Jerusalem Conference, May 1999). IHAS Publication No. 261: 153–164.
 
Tolasz R. et al. (2007): Climate Atlas of Czechia. Prague, Czech Hydrometeorological Institute. (in Czech)
 
Van Rompaey A., Krasa J., Dostal T. (2007): Modelling the impact of land cover changes in the Czech Republic on sediment delivery. Land Use Policy, 24, 576-583 doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2005.10.003
 
Vinci A., Brigante R., Todisco F., Mannocchi F., Radicioni F. (2015): Measuring rill erosion by laser scanning. CATENA, 124, 97-108 doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.09.003
 
Vopravil J., Janeček M., Tippl M. (2007): Revised soil erodibility K-factor for soils in the Czech Republic. Soil and Water Research, 2: 1–9.
 
VÚMOP (2015): Monitoring of Erosion in Agricultural Fields. Available at http://me.vumop.cz/mapserv/monitor/ (in Czech)
 
Wang Tao, He Fuhong, Zhang Anding, Gu Lijuan, Wen Yangmao, Jiang Weiguo, Shao Hongbo (2014): A Quantitative Study of Gully Erosion Based on Object-Oriented Analysis Techniques: A Case Study in Beiyanzikou Catchment of Qixia, Shandong, China. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 1-11 doi:10.1155/2014/417325
 
download PDF

© 2017 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences