Comparative analysis of the animal products consumption in developing countries: the case study of the South Asian countries M.R., Qaiser I., Kousar N. (2015): Comparative analysis of the animal products consumption in developing countries: the case study of the South Asian countries. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 61: 332-342.
download PDF
Being the most populous countries of South Asia, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh represent about 37% of the world total undernourished population. In these three countries, the growing place of animal products can be observed in the diets, but the levels consumed for animal products remained very low as compared to the world mean. The consumption behaviour of animal products for three countries is presented in the study. Expenditure elasticities, own and cross compensated as well as non-compensated price elasticities of main animal products of these countries are calculated by using a LA/AIDS model applied to yearly data. Milk is income as well as price elastic in Pakistan while all other animal products in all three countries are relatively price inelastic. On the other hand, chicken and eggs are relatively income elastic. The results are compared with other authors in detail. The impact of some government policies to improve the protein and calorie intake by the actions on income and prices for the most vulnerable consumers (low income group) in these countries is also evaluated for Pakistan.
Ahmed A.U., Shams Y. (1993). Demand Parameters in Rural Bangladesh. International Food Policy Research Institute, Bangladesh Food Policy Project, Dhaka Funded.
Akmal M. (1994): The production and consumption of livestock foods in Pakistan: a look into future. The Pakistan Development Review, 33: 19–39.
Alderman H. (1988): Estimates of consumer price response in Pakistan using market price as data. Pakistan Development Review, 27: 89–107.
Behrman Jere R., Deolalikar Anil B. (1987): Will Developing Country Nutrition Improve with Income? A Case Study for Rural South India. Journal of Political Economy, 95, 492-
Bouis H.E. (1992): Food demand elasticities by income group by urban and rural populations for Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review, 31: 997–1017.
Deaton A., Muellbauer J. (1980a): An almost ideal demand system. Economic Review, 70: 312–326.
Deaton A., Muellbauer J. (1980 b): Economics and Consumer Behavior. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
FAO (1966–2008): FAO Agro Statistical Database. Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations. Available at
Farooq U., Young T., Iqbal M. (1999): An investigation into the farm households consumption patterns in Punjab, Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review, 38: 293–305.
Haq U.Z., Nazli H., Meilke K., Ishaq M., Khattak A., Hashmi A.H., Rehman F.U. (2011): Food demand patterns in Pakistani Punjab. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 27: 305–311.
Holt M.T., Goodwin B.K. (2009): The almost ideal and translog demand systems. In: Slotje D. (ed.): Contributions to Economic Analysis, Quantifying Consumer Preferences. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bradford: 37–59.
Anwarul Hu A.S.M., Arshad F.M. (2010): Demand Elasticities for Different Food Items in Bangladesh. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10, 2369-2378
Kumar P., Kumar A., Parappurathu S., Raju S.S. (2011): Estimation of demand elasticity for food commodities in India. Agricultural Economic Review, 24: 1–14.
Malthus T. (1798): An Essay on the Principal of Population. J. Johnson, London.
Mellor J.W. (1983): Food Prospects for the Developing Countries. IFPRI. Reprinted from the American Economic Review, 73: 241.
Mittal S. (2006): Structural Shift in Demand for Food: Projections for 2020. Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, Working Paper No. 184. Available at
Pitt M.M. (1983): Food preferences and nutrition in rural Bangladesh. Review of Economics & Statistics, 65: 105–114.
Seale J., Regmi A., Bernstein J. (2003): International Evidence on Food Consumption Patterns. Technical Bulletin No. 1904, United States Department of Agriculture.
SOFI (2011): The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2011. FAO Corporate Document Repository. Available at
UNCTAD price database. Available at
Wadud M.A. (2006): An analysis of meat demand in Bangladesh using the almost ideal demand system. The Empirical Economics Letters, 5: 29–35.
World Bank (1981): World Development Report. World Bank, Washington.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti