Agricultural production trends towards carbon neutrality in response to the EU 2030 Green Deal: Economic and environmental analysis in horticulture
Alessandro Scuderi, Mariarita Cammarata, Ferdinando Branca, Giuseppe Timpanaro
The European Green Deal to tackle climate change sets emission reduction targets for 2050. Particular attention has been paid to the agricultural sector, where there is a strong need to reduce carbon emissions and re-establish the natural carbon cycles. The concept of Carbon Neutrality is emerging in a scenario where it is necessary to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from cultivation to near zero. The quantification of carbon emissions was carried out by the Carbon Footprint of conventional, organic and zero residue potato cultivation in Sicily. In order to provide farmers and consumers with answers regarding the most sustainable cultivation regime, the results showed that the organic and zero residue methods have the best results in terms of emissions, the latter instead revealed the positive results in economic terms. It becomes a new model to follow in the pursuit of sustainability as it is based on the reduction of synthesis inputs and is free from the constraints imposed by organic production standards.
carbon footprint; economics sustainability; zero residue