Economic effects of the biochar application on rice supply in Taiwan M.-., Wang W., Kung C.-. (2015): Economic effects of the biochar application on rice supply in Taiwan. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 61: 284-295.
download PDF
The objective of the study is to analyze the economics of the bio-energy production for Taiwan in terms of the bio-energy production, social welfare and crop yield increase under the conventional bio-power, ethanol and pyrolysis. The effects on rice production patterns are also examined for the fast and slow pyrolysis plus the biochar application. In addition to adopting the mathematical programming model (Modified Taiwan Agricultural Sector Model) in the analysis of the bio-energy production and the crop cultivation patterns, the study further employs a nonparametric kernel regression model to forecast the increased benefits of rice from using biochar under various scenarios. With the biochar application, Taiwan’s rice production could increase ranging from 6308 to 38 118 tons annually, depending on the pyrolysis type and the plant location. The results indicate that the biochar utilization can potentially increase social benefits if rice is planted. The net increase of farmer›s and the environmental revenues can achieve up to NT$ 419 400. Moreover, we find that farmers should give priority to the improvement of nutrient saving to make higher benefits. Second, the total benefits could be improved if the seed use is efficient and harvesting and transporting costs for the energy crop and processing and the hauling cost of biochar are lower. Simulation results indicate that Taiwan benefits from the bio-energy production in terms of energy security, farmers revenue, social welfare and rice supply. The results show that, in general, pyrolysis plus the biochar application not only increase the domestic renewable energy supply but also enhance the farmers’ and environmental revenues significantly.
Adams R. M., Hamilton S. A., McCarl B. A. (1986): The Benefits of Pollution Control: The Case of Ozone and U.S. Agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 68, 886-
Bridgwater T. (2005): Fast pyrolysis based biorefineries. Chemistry, 4: 15–37.
Burton Robert O., Martin Marshall A. (1987): Restrictions on Herbicide Use: An Analysis of the Economic Impacts on U.S. Agriculture. North Central Journal of Agricultural Economics, 9, 181-
Chan K. Y., Van Zwieten L., Meszaros I., Downie A., Joseph S. (2007): Agronomic values of greenwaste biochar as a soil amendment. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 45, 629-
Chang C.C., Eddleman B.R., McCarl B.A. (1991): Potential benefits of rice variety and water management improvements in the Texas gulf coast. Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, 16: 185–193.
Chang Ching-Cheng, McCarl Bruce A., Mjelde James W., Richardson James W. (1992): Sectoral Implications of Farm Program Modifications. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 74, 38-
Chang Ching-Cheng (2002): The potential impact of climate change on Taiwan's agriculture. Agricultural Economics, 27, 51-64
Chen Chi-Chung, Chang Ching-Cheng (2005): The impact of weather on crop yield distribution in Taiwan: some new evidence from panel data models and implications for crop insurance. Agricultural Economics, 33, 503-511
Chidumayo EmmanuelN. (1994): Phenology and nutrition of miombo woodland trees in Zambia. Trees, 9, -
Coble Keith H., Chang Ching-Cheng, McCarl Bruce A., Eddleman Bobby R. (1992): Assessing Economic Implications of New Technology: The Case of Cornstarch-Based Biodegradable Plastics. Review of Agricultural Economics, 14, 33-
Deluca T.H., MacKenzie M.D., Gundale M.J. (2009): Biochar effects on soil nutrient transformations. In: Lehmann J., Joseph S. (eds): Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology. Earthscan Publisher, London: 137–182.
Erickson C. (2003): Historical ecology and future explorations. In: Lehmann J., Kern D.C., Glaser B., Woods W.I. (eds): Amazonian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht: 45–59.
Fargione J., Hill J., Tilman D., Polasky S., Hawthorne P. (2008): Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt. Science, 319, 1235-1238
Glaser Bruno, Lehmann Johannes, Zech Wolfgang (2002): Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal - a review. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 35, 219-230
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2007): Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Iswaran V., Jauhri K.S., Sen A. (1980): Effect of charcoal, coal and peat on the yield of moong, soybean and pea. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 12, 191-192
Kishimoto S., Sugiura G. (1985): Charcoal as a soil conditioner. International Achieve Future, 5: 12–23.
Kung Chih-Chun, McCarl Bruce A., Cao Xiaoyong (2013): Economics of pyrolysis-based energy production and biochar utilization: A case study in Taiwan. Energy Policy, 60, 317-323
Lehmann J., Silva J.P., Steiner C., Nehls T., Zech W., Glaser B. (2003): Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments. Plant and Soil, 249: 343–357.
Lehmann Johannes, Gaunt John, Rondon Marco (2006): Bio-char Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems – A Review. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 11, 395-419
Lehmann Johannes (2007): A handful of carbon. Nature, 447, 143-144
Li Q., Racine J.S. (2007): Nonparametric Econometrics: Theory and Practice. Princeton University Press.
McCarl Bruce A., Spreen Thomas H. (1980): Price Endogenous Mathematical Programming as a Tool for Sector Analysis. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 62, 87-
McCarl Bruce A., Dillon Carl R., Keplinger Keith O., Williams R. Lynn (1999): Limiting pumping from the Edwards Aquifer: An economic investigation of proposals, water markets, and spring flow guarantees. Water Resources Research, 35, 1257-1268
McCarl Bruce A., Schneider Uwe A. (2000): U.S. Agriculture's Role in a Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation World: An Economic Perspective. Review of Agricultural Economics, 22, 134-159
McCarl Bruce A. (2008): Food, Biofuel, Global Agriculture, and Environment: Discussion *. Review of Agricultural Economics, 30, 530-532
McCarl B.A., Peacocke C., Chrisman, R. Kung C.C., Ronald D. (2009): Economics of biochar production, utilization, and GHG offsets. In: Lehmann J., Joseph S. (eds): Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology. Earthscan Publisher, London: 341–357.
Oguntunde Philip G., Abiodun Babatunde J., Ajayi Ayodele E., van de Giesen Nick (2008): Effects of charcoal production on soil physical properties in Ghana. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 171, 591-596
Racine Jeffery S., Hart Jeffrey, Li Qi (2006): Testing the Significance of Categorical Predictor Variables in Nonparametric Regression Models. Econometric Reviews, 25, 523-544
Radlein D. (2007): The potential role of agrichar in the commercialization of dynamotive’s fast pyrolysis process. Australia Journal of Agricultural Economics, 29: 89–101.
Reilly J., Tubiello F., McCarl B., Abler D., Darwin R., Fuglie K., Hollinger S., Izaurralde C., Jagtap S., Jones J., Mearns L., Ojima D., Paul E., Paustian K., Riha S., Rosenberg N., Rosenzweig C. (2003): U.S. Agriculture and Climate Change: New Results. Climatic Change, 57, 43-67
Ringer M., Putsche V., Scahill J. (2006): Large-scale pyrolysis oil production: a technology assessment and economic analysis. Environmental Science, 17: 21–33.
Samuelson P.A. (1950): Spatial price equilibrium and linear programming. American Economic Review, 42: 283–303.
Searchinger T., Heimlich R., Houghton R. A., Dong F., Elobeid A., Fabiosa J., Tokgoz S., Hayes D., Yu T.-H. (2008): Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases Through Emissions from Land-Use Change. Science, 319, 1238-1240
Sombroek W.G. (2003): Amazonian dark earths as carbon stores and sinks. Science, 4: 12–13.
Steiner T., Mosenthin R., Zimmermann B., Greiner R., Roth S. (2007): Distribution of phytase activity, total phosphorus and phytate phosphorus in legume seeds, cereals and cereal by-products as influenced by harvest year and cultivar. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 133, 320-334
USDOE (U.S. Department of Energy) (2005): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Bioenergy Service, Washington, DC. 2005.
Wright Mark M., Brown Robert C., Boateng Akwasi A. (2008): Distributed processing of biomass to bio-oil for subsequent production of Fischer-Tropsch liquids. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 2, 229-238
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti