R&D Investments, technology spillovers and agricultural productivity, case of the Czech Republic

https://doi.org/10.17221/148/2014-AGRICECONCitation:Ratinger T., Kristkova Z. (2015): R&D Investments, technology spillovers and agricultural productivity, case of the Czech Republic. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 61: 297-313.
download PDF
The objective of the paper is to quantify the effect of the R&D investments on agricultural productivity in the Czech Republic using the co-integration analysis. The effect of the R&D investments is measured by a knowledge stock constructed using a gamma distribution with lags ranging from 7 to 15 years. The relationship between the total factor productivity in agriculture, the domestic knowledge stock and the foreign R&D spillovers approximated by the imports of agricultural technologies is examined using an error correction model. Whereas the estimates confirm that domestic research plays a positive role in agricultural productivity, the results for the foreign R&D spillovers are rather weak. Furthermore, there is little evidence that either length of time or the functional form of weights plays a major role in assessing the dependence of the productivity on R&D investments; however, the models with the knowledge distribution lags longer than 7 years perform better.
Alfranca O. (2005): Private R&D and spillovers in European a griculture. International Advances in Economic Research, 11: 201–213.
Alston J., Craig B., Purdey P. (1998): Dynamics in the creation and depreciation of knowledge, and the returns to research. EPTD Discussion paper 38, IFPRI, August 1998.
Alston J.M., Marra M.C., Pardey P.G., Wyatt T.J. (2000): Research returns redux: a meta-analysis of the returns to agricultural R&D. Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 44: 185–215.
Alston J., Pardey P.G. Ruttan V. (2008): Research Lags Revisited: Concepts and Evidence from U.S. Agriculture. University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics, Staff Papers series number 50091, December 2008.
Alston, J. (2009): U.S. Agricultural Productivity Growth and the Benefits from Public R&D Spending. Dean’s Lecture, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, The University of Melbourne, March 4, 2009.
Alston J. M., Andersen M. A., James J. S., Pardey P. G. (): The Economic Returns to U.S. Public Agricultural Research. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 93, 1257-1277  https://doi.org/10.1093/ajae/aar044
Antle J.M., Capalbo S.M. (1988): An introduction to production theory and productivity measurement. In: Capalbo S.M., Antle J.M. (eds): Agricultural Productivity: Measurement and Explanation. Resources for the Future, Inc., Johns Hopkins Press, Washington, DC: 17–95.
Charemza W., Deadman D. (1992): New Directions in Econometric Practice. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
Czech Ministry of Agriculture (MA): Green Reports on Agriculture (1994– 2012). Available at http://eagri.cz/public/web/mze/zemedelstvi/publikace-a-dokumenty/zelene-zpravy/
CSO (2013a): Indicators of research and development based on Frascati survey 1994–2012. Czech Statistical Office. Available at http://www.czso.cz/csu/2012edicniplan.nsf/p/9601-12
CSO (2013b): Economic Accounts for Agriculture (1998–2012). Czech Statistical Office. Available at http://www.czso.cz/csu/2012edicniplan.nsf/p/2115-12 (accessed March 14, 2013).
CSO (2013c): Database of foreign trade. Czech Statistical Office. Available at.http://apl.czso.cz/pll/stazo/STAZO.STAZO (accessed March 25, 2013).
CSO (2013d): National Accounts. Czech Statistical Office. Available at http://czso.cz (accessed March 25, 2013).
Cincera M. (2005): Firms’ productivity growth and R&D spillovers: an analysis of alternative technological proximity measures. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 14: 657–682.
Esposti R. (2001): Building the Knowledge Stock: Lags, Depreciation and Uncertainty in Agricultural R&D, Working Papers with number 145, Universita’ Politecnica delle Marche (I).
Esposti R. (2002): Public agricultural R&D design and technological spill-ins: A dynamic model. Research Policy, 31: 693–717
Evenson R. (1968): The contribution of agricultural research and extension to agricultural production. [Ph.D. diss.] University of Chicago.
FSO (1985): Historical Statistical Yearbook of Czechoslovakia. Federal Statistical Office of Czechoslovakia. State Publisher of Technical Literature, Prague.
Griliches Zvi (1958): Research Costs and Social Returns: Hybrid Corn and Related Innovations. Journal of Political Economy, 66, 419-  https://doi.org/10.1086/258077
Griliches Z. (1964): Research expenditures, education and the aggregate agricultural production function. American Economic Review, 54: 961–974.
Hall J. Scobie G.M. (2006): The Role of R&D in Productivity Growth: The Case of Agriculture in New Zealand: 1927 to 2001. New Zealand Treasury Working Paper 06/01, March 2006.
Johnson D.K.N., Evenson R.E. (1999): R&D spillovers to agriculture, measurement and application. Contemporary Economic Policy, 17: 432–456.
Krammer S.M.S. (2010): International R&D spillovers in emerging markets: The impact of trade and foreign direct investment. The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, 19: 591–623
Mansfield E. (1965): Rates of return from industrial research and development. American Economic Review, 55: 310–322.
OECD (2002): Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, 6th ed. OECD, Paris. Available at http://www.oecd.org/science/inno/frascatimanualproposedstandardpracticeforsurveysonresearchandexperimentaldevelopment6thedition.htm
Piesse J., Thirtle C. (2010): Agricultural R&D, technology and productivity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 365: 3035–3047.
Ratinger T. , Ferenczi T., Wilkin J. Bright H. (2006): The Central European countries: heritage and challenges. In: Davidova S,. Cuddy M., Bauer K. (eds): Integrated Development of Agriculture and Rural Areas in Central European Countries. Lexington Books, Lanham, Boulder, N.Y., Oxford.
RatingerT., Fischer M., Boese Ch. (1995): Výkonnost zemědělského sektoru v devadesátých letech. (The performance of the agricultural sector in the 1990s.) The National Report of the project Policy Oriented Information System – Economic Accounts of Czech Agriculture. Research Institute of Agricultural Economics (VÚZE), Prague.
Rizov M. (2005): Does individualization help productivity of transition agriculture? Agricultural Economics, 33: 215–227.
Sheng Y., Gray E.M., Mullen J.D. (2011): Public investment in R&D and extension and productivity in Australian broadacre agriculture. Australia Paper No 100712. 55th Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Conference, Feb. 8–11, 2011, Melbourne.
Thirtle C., Bottomley P. (1998): Is publicly funded agricultural research excessive? Journal of Agricultural Economics, 31: 99–111.
Thirtle C., Piesse J., Schimmelpfennig D. (2008): Modelling the length and shape of the R&D lag: an application to UK agricultural productivity. Agricultural Economics, 39: 73–85.
Van Meijl H., Van Tongeren F. (1999): Endogenous International Technology Spillovers and Biased Technical Change in the GTAP Model. GTAP Technical Paper No. 15. Available at http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/gtaptp
Verspagen Bart (1997): Estimating international technology spillovers using technology flow matrices. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 133, 226-248  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02707461
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti