Club convergence of labour productivity in agriculture: Evidence from EU countries
Adamowicz M., Szepeluk A. (2018): Regional convergence of labour productivity in rural sectors in the context of funds obtained for agriculture from the European Union. Problems of Agricultural Economics, 3: 3–31. https://doi.org/10.30858/zer/94483
Alexiadis S. (2010): Convergence in Agriculture: Evidence from the European Regions. Agricultural Economics Review, 11: 84–96.
Alexiadis S., Kokkidis S. (2010): Convergence in Agriculture: Evidence from the regions of an Enlarged EU. MPRA Paper, No. 26011. Germany, University Library of Munich.
Baer-Nawrocka A. (2018): The role of agriculture in the national economy of EU countries. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 4: 501–510.
Baer-Nawrocka A., Markiewicz N. (2012): Processes of convergence/divergence of labour productivity in agriculture of the European Union – regional analysis. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 3: 13–23.
Bański J. (2018): Phases to the transformation of agriculture in Central Europe – selected processes and their results. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 64: 546–553.
Barath L., Fertő I. (2017): Productivity and convergence in European Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 68: 228–248. https://doi.org/10.1111/1477-9552.12157
Barro R., Sala-i-Martin X. (2004): Economic Growth. 2nd Ed. New York, McGraw Hill.
Baumol W., Wolff E. (1988): Productivity growth, convergence, and welfare: Reply. American Economic Review, 76: 1155–1159.
Baumol W.J. (1986): Productivity growth, convergence, and welfare: What the long-run data show. The American Economic Review, 76: 1072–1085.
Csaki C., Jambor A. (2009): The diversity of effects of EU membership on agriculture in new Member States. Policy Studies on Rural Transition, No. 2009-4. Budapest, Hungary, FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia.
Csaki C., Jambor A. (2019): Convergence or divergence – transition in agriculture of Central and Eastern Europe and Commonwealth of Independent States revisited. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 65: 160–174. https://doi.org/10.17221/195/2018-AGRICECON
Cuerva M.C. (2011): Dynamics of European agricultural productivity: An analysis of regional convergence. Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies, 92: 237–258.
Eurostat Database (2020): Eurostat Database. Available at https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database (accessed Feb 10, 2020).
Evans P., Karras G. (1996): Convergence revisited. Journal of Monetary Economics, 37: 249–265. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3932(96)01250-0
Galor O. (1996): Convergence? Inferences from theoretical models. Economic Journal, 106: 1056–69. https://doi.org/10.2307/2235378
Giannakis E., Bruggeman A. (2018): Exploring the labour productivity of agricultural systems across European regions: A multilevel approach. Land Use Policy, 77: 94–106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.05.037
Gołaś Z. (2019): Convergence of labour productivity in agriculture of the European Union. Problems of Agricultural Economics, 1: 22–43. https://doi.org/10.30858/zer/103140
Grela M., Majchrowska A., Michałek T., Mućk J., Stążka-Gawrysiak A., Tchorek G., Wagner M. (2017): Is Central and Eastern Europe converging towards the EU-15? NBP Working Paper, No. 264. Warsaw, Poland, Economic Research Department: 28–31.
Gutierrez L. (2002): Why is agricultural labour productivity higher in some countries than others? Agricultural Economics Review, 3: 58–72.
Hamulczuk M. (2015): Total factor productivity convergence in the EU agriculture. In: Proceedings International Conference Competitiveness of Agro-Food and Environmental Economy, Bucharest, Nov 12–13, 2015: 34–43.
Islam N. (1995): Growth empirics: A panel data approach. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110: 1127–1170. https://doi.org/10.2307/2946651
Kijek A., Kijek T., Nowak A., Skrzypek A. (2019): Productivity and its convergence in agriculture in new and old European Union member states. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 65: 01–09.
Kijek T., Nowak A., Domańska K. (2016): The role of knowledge capital in total factor productivity changes: The case of agriculture in EU countries. GJAE, 65: 171–181.
Martin R. (2001): EMU versus the regions? Regional convergence and divergence in Euroland. Journal of Economic Geography, 1: 51–80. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/1.1.51
Martín-Retortillo M., Pinilla V. (2012): Why did agricultural labour productivity not converge in Europe from 1950 to 2005? EHES Working Papers in Economic History No. 25, October 2012.
Matthews A. (2014): What is happening to EU agricultural productivity growth? CAP reform. CAPREFORM Blog. Available at http://capreform.eu/what-is-happening-to-eu-agricultural-productivity-growth/ (accessed Feb 15, 2020).
McErlean S., Wu Z. (2003): Regional agricultural labour productivity convergence in China. China Agricultural Economic Review, 1: 239–251. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-9192(03)00035-6
Novotná M., Volek T. (2016): The significance of farm size in the evaluation of labour productivity in agriculture. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 64: 333–340. https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201664010333
Nowak A., Janulewicz P., Krukowski A., Bujanowicz-Haraś B. (2016): Diversification of the level of agricultural development in the member states of the European Union. Cahiers Agricultures, 25: 55004. https://doi.org/10.1051/cagri/2016040
O’Donnell C.J. (2010): Measuring and decomposing agricultural productivity and profitability change. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 54: 527–560. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8489.2010.00512.x
Penda S.T. (2012): Human capital development for agricultural business in Nigeria. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 15: 89–91.
Polyzos S., Arabatzis G. (2006): Labor productivity of the agricultural sector in Greece: Determinant factors and interregional differences analysis. New Medit, 1: 58–64.
Zhang W., Xu W., Wang X. (2019): Regional convergence clubs in China: identification and conditioning factors. The Annals of Regional Science, 62: 327–350. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-019-00898-y