Foreign trade in agricultural products in the Czech Republic L., Svatoš M., Tomšík K., Sergienko O.I. (2016): Foreign trade in agricultural products in the Czech Republic. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 62: 9-25.
download PDF
The article analyses trends in the territorial and commodity structure of the Czech foreign agrarian trade and aims to identify changes which have occurred during the last decade. The main emphasis has been put on the period after the accession to the EU. Primarily such changes are identified, that occurred in the relation to the EU-Member States and to third countries. The results show that the value of agricultural exports and imports was growing during the surveyed period while the growth rate of agricultural exports was above the growth rate of agricultural imports. Agricultural exports increased from CZK 78 billion in 2005 to more than CZK 160 billion in 2013 and the imports rose from CZK 103 billion to more than CZK 184 billion in the same period. The territorial structure of the foreign agrarian trace is continuously concentrating on the EU-Single Market, both in terms of exports and imports. Exports of milk, milk products, cereals, beverages, food preparations, tobacco and tobacco manufactures, cereal preparations, food residues and waste, oilseeds, vegetable fats and oils, sugar and confectionery belong to the most important commodity aggregations. The share of processed products in the total exports increased and reached currently about 7%. The export – import coverage ratio reached a satisfactory trend as well. Although the Czech Republic does not have ideal conditions for the export-oriented agriculture, the country is able to gain comparative advantages, at least at the level of following aggregations: HS10, HS01, HS12, HS24, HS04, HS17, HS15, HS11, HS16, HS22, HS03 a HS13.
Aulová R., Hlavsa T. (2013): Capital structure of agricultural businesses and its determinants. Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, 5: 23–36.
Bojnec Štefan, Fertő Imre (2012): Complementarities of trade advantage and trade competitiveness measures. Applied Economics, 44, 399-408
Bojnec S., Ferto I. (2007): Determinants of agro-food trade competition of Central European countries with the European Union. In: Chinese-Economists-Society-Europe Conference 2007 Location: Portoroz, May 11–13, 2007; Chinese Econ Soc Europe China Economic Review, 2009, 20: 327–337.
Bubáková P. (2015): The law of one price of central European countries - analysis of feed barley. Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, 2: 13–24.
Burianová J. (2011): Effect of the 2008–2009 economic crisis on the results of agricultural foreign trade of the Czech Republic. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 57: 226–231.
Burianová J., Belová A. (2012): The competitiveness of agricultural foreign trade commodities of the CR assessed by way of the Lafay Index. Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, 4: 27–36.
Jeníček V., Krepl V. (2009): The role of foreign trade and its effects. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 55: 211–220.
Lafay G. (1992): The measurement of revealed comparative advantages. In: Dagenais M.G., Muet P.A. (eds): International Trade Modeling. Chapman & Hill, London.
Machek O., Špička J. (2014): Productivity and profitability of the Czech agricultural sector after the economic crisis. WSEAS Transactions on Business and Economics, 11: 700–706.
Mezera J., Špička J. (2013): Economic effects of investment support of adding value to food products. Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, 5: 39–49.
Pohlová K. (2013): Ročenka agrárního zahraničního obchodu ČR za rok 2012. (Yearbook Agrarian Czech Foreign Trade in 2012.) UZEI, Praha 2013.
Pohlová, K. (2014): Ročenka agrárního zahraničního obchodu ČR za rok 2013. (Yearbook Agrarian Czech Foreign Trade in 2012.) UZEI, Praha.
Pohlová K., Mezera J. (2014): Analysis of development of Czech foreign trade in foods and beverages. Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, 4: 121–131.
Řezbová H., Škubna, O. (2013): Analysis of the impact of subsidies on economic performance of Agricultural enterprises in the Czech Republic. 22nd International scientific conference on Agrarian Perspectives – Development Trends in Agribusiness. CULS Prague, Sep. 17–18, 2013.
Smutka L., Belová A. (2011): Vývoj a struktura agrárního zahraničního obchodu zemí Visegrádské skupiny v posledních dvaceti letech. (Development and Structure Of Agrarian Foreign Trade of Visegrad Group of Countries during the Last Twenty Years.) Powerprint, Praha.
Smutka L., Burianová J. (2013): The Competitiveness of Czech Agrarian Trade within the Context of the Global Crisis. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 59: 183–193.
SVOBODOV� Hana (2014): Changes on Foreign Trade in Agricultural Commodities in the Czech Republic. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 15, 62-72
Valder A., Smutka L., Hes A. (2011): Vnitřní a vnější faktory formující český trh s potravinami. (Internal and External Factors Affecting the Czech Food Market.) Powerprint, Praha.
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences