Price transmission in biofuel-related global agricultural networks

https://doi.org/10.17221/223/2021-AGRICECONCitation:

Janda K., Krištoufek L., Schererová B., Zilberman D. (2021): Price transmission in biofuel-related global agricultural networks. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 67: 399–408.

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This article investigates the connections among the prices of biofuels, agricultural commodities and other relevant assets in Europe, the US, and Brazil. The analysis includes a comprehensive data set covering price data for 38 traded titles during the period from 2003 to 2020. We used the minimum spanning tree (MST) approach to identify price connections in a complex trading system. Our analysis of mutual price connections reveals the major defining features of world-leading biofuel markets. We provide the characteristics of the main bioethanol and biodiesel markets with respect to government policies and technical and local features of the production and consumption of particular biofuels. Despite a relatively long and dynamically evolving history of biofuels, the biofuel systems in the US, Brazil and Europe do not converge toward the same pattern of relations among fossil fuels, biofuels, agricultural commodities and financial assets.

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