Development of agricultural foreign trade in the countries of Central Europe
M. Svatoš, L. Smutkahttps://doi.org/10.17221/22/2010-AGRICECONCitation:Svatoš M., Smutka L. (2010): Development of agricultural foreign trade in the countries of Central Europe. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 56: 163-175.
This paper analyses the development of agricultural foreign trade in Austria, Hungary and the Czech Republic with the aim of uncovering the changes that have impacted the Central European agricultural trade over the ten year period (1999–2008). It issues from the results of the analysis of agricultural trade in the aforementioned countries, which has changed dramatically in terms of the commodity structure, the territorial structure and primarily the value structure. The main changes to have caused most of the changes to the individual characteristics of agricultural foreign trade in the particular countries under analysis are the process of the EU enlargementy, the adoption of obligations to ensue from the EU membership and the concentration in the internal market of the EU countries. We can see the actual changes in the commodity and territorial structure of the trade carried out in the individual countries under analysis. The changes which have occurred resulted in a dominant share of the member countries of the EU 27 in the agricultural trade of the individual countries under analysis.Keywords:Czech Republic, Hungary, Austria, agricultural trade, development, comparison, trend