The similarity of food consumption patterns in selected EU countries combined with the similarity of food production and imports

Bajan B., Genstwa N., Smutka L. (2021): The similarity of food consumption patterns in selected EU countries combined with the similarity of food production and imports. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 67: 316–326.

supplementary materialdownload PDF

The purpose of the paper was to analyse changes in food consumption patterns in the European Union (EU) countries and link these patterns with food production and imports. The two research questions posed by the authors were as follows i): are the structures of the consumption, production and importation of food becoming more similar or more diverse among EU countries, and ii) are changes in food consumption patterns caused by changes in domestic production, or has food been imported to a greater extent from abroad. The study investigated countries which that have been continuously keeping relevant statistics since 1961. The food consumption structures recorded in the years 1961–1969 and 2010–2017 were compared among these countries. Following this, the countries were grouped into subsets using the criterion of greatest similarity in terms of food consumption structures. The same was done in the case of their food production and imports. The study found that countries were becoming increasingly similar in terms of their consumption patterns. An opposite situation occurred concerning food production. In the case of food imports, structural diversity between countries decreased. It follows that changes in food consumption patterns mainly occurred through the adjustment of imports.

Baer-Nawrocka A., Sadowski A. (2019): Food security and food self-sufficiency around the world: A typology of countries. PLoS ONE 14: e0213448.
Bai J., Wahl T., Lohmar B., Huang J. (2010): Food away from home in Beijing: Effects of wealth, time and 'free' meals. China Economic Review, 21: 432–441.
Bajan B., Sowa K. (2019): Food consumption models around the world in the context of globalization. Intercathedra, 3: 219–226.
Bech-Larsen T., Mørk T., Kolle S. (2016): New Nordic cuisine: Is there another back to the future? – An informed viewpoint on NNC value drivers and market scenarios. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 50: 249–253.
Brás T.A., Jägermeyr J., Seixas J. (2019): Exposure of the EU-28 food imports to extreme weather disasters in exporting countries. Food Security, 11: 1373–1393.
Buzina R., Subotičanec K., Šarić M. (1991): Diet patterns and health problems: Diet in southern Europe. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 35: 32–40.
Cupák A., Pokrivčák J., Rizov M. (2015): Food demand and consumption patterns in the new EU member states: The case of Slovakia. Ekonomický časopis, 63: 339–358.
FAO (2020a): Food Balance Sheet. [Dataset]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at (accessed July 20, 2020).
FAO (2020b): Dataset Information. New Food Balances: Key Differences Between New and Old FBS Methodology. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: 1–2.
Gehlhar M., Coyle W. (2001): Global food consumption and impacts on trade patterns. In: Regmi A. (ed.): Changing Structure of Global Food Consumption and Trade. Washington, US, Economic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture: 4–13.
Gerbens-Leenes P.W., Nonhebel S., Krol M.S. (2010): Food consumption patterns and economic growth. Increasing affluence and the use of natural resources. Appetite, 55: 597–608.
Huang J., Bouis H. (2001): Structural changes in the demand for food in Asia: Empirical evidence from Taiwan. Agricultural Economics, 26: 57–69.
Ito S., Peterson E.W.F., Grant W.R. (1989): Rice in Asia: Is it becoming an inferior good? American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 71: 32–42.
Janssen M., Busch C., Rödiger M., Hamm U. (2016): Motives of consumers following a vegan diet and their attitudes towards animal agriculture. Appetite, 105: 643–651.
Lee H., Summer D., Ahn B. (2006): Consequences of further opening of the Korean dairy market. Food Policy, 31: 238–248.
Matkovski B., Zekic S., Savic M., Radovanov B. (2018): Trade of agri-food products in the EU enlargement process: Evidence from the Southeastern Europe. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 64: 357–366.
Minten B., Reardon T., Sutradhar R. (2010): Food prices and modern retail: The case of Delhi. World Development, 38: 1775–1787.
Murakami K., Livingstone M.B.E., Sasaki S. (2018): Thirteen-year trends in dietary patterns among Japanese adults in the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2003–2015: Continuous Westernization of the Japanese diet. Nutrients, 10: 1–15.
Murakami K., Shinozaki N., Fujiwara A., Yuan X., Hashimoto A., Fujihashi H., Wang H.-Ch., Livingstone M.B.E., Sasaki S. (2019): A systematic review of principal component analysis – Derived dietary patterns in Japanese adults: Are major dietary patterns reproducible within a country? Advances in Nutrition, 10: 237–249.
Nestle M. (1995): Mediterranean diets: Historical and research overview. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61: 1313S–1320S.
Okrent A., Alston J. (2012): The demand for disaggregated food-away-from-home and food-at-home products in the United States. Economic Research Report Number No. 139, United States Department of Agriculture: 1–62.
Pingali P. (1997): From subsistence to commercial production systems: The transformation of Asian agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 79: 628–634.
Pingali P. (2007): Westernization of Asian diets and the transformation of food systems: Implications for research and policy. Food Policy, 32: 281–298.
Popkin B.M. (1999): Urbanization, lifestyle changes and the nutrition transition. World Development, 27: 1905–1916.
Rask K.J., Rask N. (2011): Economic development and food production-consumption balance: A growing global challenge. Food Policy, 36: 186–196.
Reardon T., Timmer C.P., Barrett C.B., Berdegue J. (2003): The rise of supermarkets in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 85: 1140–1146.
Sadowski A. (2019): Spatial and economic determinants of different food consumption patterns around the world. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 51: 69–76.
Sans P., Combris P. (2015): World meat consumption patterns: An overview of the last fifty years (1961–2011). Meat Science, 109: 106–111.
Savino T., Testa S., Petruzzelli A.M. (2018): Researcher understanding of food innovations in Nordic and Southern European countries: A systematic literature review. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 77: 54–63.
Sheng T., Shamsudin M., Mohamed Z., Abdullah A., Radam A. (2008): Complete demand systems of food in Malaysia. Agricultural Economics – Zemědělská Ekonomika, 54: 467–475.
Spiekermann U. (2005): Mixed diet in Europe. In: Elmadfa I. (ed.): Diet Diversification and Health Promotion: European Academy of Nutritional Sciences (EANS) Conference, Vienna, Austria, May 14–15, 2004: 11–35.
Török A., Jámbor A. (2013): Agri-food trade of the New Member States since the EU accession. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 59: 101–112.
Unar-Munguía M., Monterubio Flores E., Colchero M.A. (2019): Apparent consumption of caloric sweeteners increased after the implementation of NAFTA in Mexico. Food Policy, 84: 103–110.
Van der Zijpp A.J. (1999): Animal food production: The perspective of human consumption, production, trade and disease control. Livestock Production Science, 59: 199–206.
Vilarnau, C., Stracker, D.M., Funtikov A., da Silva R., Estruch R., Bach-Faig A. (2019): Worldwide adherence to Mediterranean diet between 1960 and 2011. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72: 83–91.
supplementary materialdownload PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti