Analysis of land-law relations development in the Czech Republic after 1989 in the legal and economic kontext
J. Bartůšková, J. Homolkahttps://doi.org/10.17221/33/2009-AGRICECONCitation:Bartůšková J., Homolka J. (2009): Analysis of land-law relations development in the Czech Republic after 1989 in the legal and economic kontext. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 55: 250-256.
Changes in the land law, which occurred after 1948, still influence the whle Czech countryside to this day. Typical features of Czech agriculture, i.e. the fragmentation of ownership of the agricultural land fund and the high share of leased agricultural land, which is a direct consequence of the socialistic large-scale production, continue even despite extensive legal changes after 1989. The changes in the Czech land law after 1989 brought about not only the legal guarantees for owners but also new problems, which are still necessary to solve. An important tool of the solution of the present Czech agriculture problems is represented by land adjustments. The membership of the Czech Republic in the European Union on one hand led to the simplification of land acquisition for some foreigners, however; on the other hand it has not influenced in principle the structure of landowners. Still in 2008, the questions of the atonement of property injustices are finished yet regarding the churches concerning agricultural and forest land. A new civil code, currently in process, which can influence some legal relations to the land, has not been put forward to the Parliament yet.Keywords:enactment, land, ownership, land adjustments, lease