Age of population and the development of population ageing in the regions of the Czech Republic
J. Dufek, B. Minaříkhttps://doi.org/10.17221/35/2009-AGRICECONCitation:Dufek J., Minařík B. (2009): Age of population and the development of population ageing in the regions of the Czech Republic. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 55: 259-270.
The process of ageing of the population is one of the negative demographic phenomena of the developed countries’ population. The basic reasons are the decrease of the birth-rate and a longer lifespan of people. These trends can also be seen in the Czech Republic on the state as well as the regional levels. Our contribution wants to analyze the differences in the age of population and the rapidity of the ageing process in the particular Czech regions. The database of the analysis comes from 12 selected demographic indicators related to the ageing process in the period 1998–2007. Based on the factor analysis, out of 12 indicators, we chose the ageing index and the ratio of productive population, where by the means of cluster analysis, we created groups of regions with the similar age of population as of 1st December 2007 and the similar rapidity of ageing process in the period 1998–2007. The graphs showing the regions by the level reached by the indicator and the respective average growth coefficient are included in the contribution. The analysis concludes by setting the order of regions by the age of their population and the rapidity of the ageing process independently as well as by the age and the process of ageing together.Keywords:regions of the Czech Republic, age and process of ageing of population, factor analysis, cluster analysis, order of regions