The planned reform of the Common Agricultural Policy with particular reference to the direct support system

Sadłowski A. (2020): The planned reform of the Common Agricultural Policy with particular reference to the direct support system. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 66: 381–390.

download PDF

Having evaluated the situation in agriculture and rural areas, and having assessed the significance of new external and internal conditions, the European Commission has decided to reform the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union. This article presents the essence of the part of the reform plan which affects the direct support system. The author of the article also examines the impact of the reform on the system’s capacity to achieve the set goals, and on its efficiency. The research showed that the new legal framework proposed by the Commission would not directly improve the efficiency of the system, but the increased decision-making authority it grants to Member States provides an opportunity to reduce administrative outlays on the functioning of the scheme. Likewise, the effectiveness of a reformed direct support system in achieving the set goals will largely depend on decisions made by Member States, i.e. on the appropriate choice of instruments, and the accuracy of their form, as well as the equitable distribution of the available funds.

Buckwell A., Matthews A., Baldock D., Mathijs E. (2017): CAP – Thinking Out of the Box: Further modernisation of the CAP – Why, What and How? Brussels, RISE Foundation.
European Commission (2013): Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 Establishing Rules for Direct Payments to Farmers under Support Schemes within the Framework of the Common Agricultural Policy and Repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 637/2008 and Council Regulation (EC) No 73/2009 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013: 608, and its subsequent amendments).
European Commission (2017): Direct Payments. Single Area Payment Scheme and Transitional National Aid.
European Commission (2018a): Direct payments 2015–2020 – Decisions taken by Member States.
European Commission (2018b): Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council Establishing Rules on Support for Strategic Plans to Be Drawn up by Member States under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and Financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and Repealing Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (COM(2018) 392 final).
European Commission (2019a): Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: The European Green Deal. COM(2019) 640 final.
European Commission (2019b): Definitive Adoption (EU, Euratom) 2019/333 of the European Union’s General Budget for the Financial Year 2019 (OJ L 67, 7.3.2019: 1).
European Commission (2019c): Direct Payments to Agricultural Producers – Graphs and Figures. Financial Year 2018. Available at (accessed Apr 4, 2020).
European Commission (2020): The European Union and the United Kingdom – Forging a New Partnership. Brexit in Brief. Transition Period. Available at (accessed Apr 14, 2020).
Krueger A.O. (1974): The political economy of the rent-seeking society. The American Economic Review, 64: 291–303.
Landreth H., Colander D.C. (1994): History of Economic Thought. 3rd Ed. Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Houghton Mifflin Company.
Mattei U.A., Antoniolli L., Rossato A. (2000): Comparative law and economics. In: Bouckaert B., de Geest G. (eds): Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, 1: The History and Methodology of Law and Economics. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing: 505–538.
Matthews A. (2016): The potential implications of a Brexit for future EU agri-food policies. EuroChoices, 15: 17–23. Available at (accessed Apr 15, 2020).
Matthews A. (2018): The EU’s Common Agricultural Policy Post 2020: Directions of Change and Potential Trade and Market Effects. Geneva, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development.
Niskanen W.A. (1975): Bureaucrats and politicians. The Journal of Law and Economics, 18: 617–643.
Olson M. (1971): The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambridge-Massachusetts-London, Harvard University Press.
Roederer-Rynning Ch., Matthews A. (2019): What Common Agricultural Policy after Brexit? Politics and Governance, 7: 40–50. Available at (accessed Apr 15, 2020).
Sadłowski A. (2019): The planned reform of the Common Agricultural Policy and its effect on the Direct Support Scheme in Poland. Problems of Agricultural Economics, 360: 107–126. Available at (accessed Apr 7, 2020).
Schader Ch., Grovermann Ch., Frick R., Grenz J., Stolze M. (2017): Towards a new public goods payment model for remunerating farmers under the CAP Post-2020. Potential of sustainability assessment tools for improving the effectiveness, efficiency, and acceptance of the CAP. Frick, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture.
Tullock G. (1967): The welfare costs of tariffs, monopolies, and theft. Western Economic Journal, 5: 224–232.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti