Rural development in the context of agricultural "green" subsidies: Czech farmers' responses
M. Lapka, E. Cudlínová, J.S. Rikoon, M. Pělucha, V. Kvetoňhttps://doi.org/10.17221/4/2011-AGRICECONCitation:Lapka M., Cudlínová E., Rikoon J.S., Pělucha M., Kvetoň V. (2011): Rural development in the context of agricultural "green" subsidies: Czech farmers' responses. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 57: 259-271.
The study compares the role of agricultural green subsidies in rural development of the Czech Republic before and after joining the European Union (EU) in 2004. We use the perspective of multifunctional agriculture and contribute to the research on the contemporary trends in Czech agriculture by using the data collected through surveys in 2000 and 2006, as well as 2008 comparative statistical support, to ask if there have been significant changes and improvements in farmers' evaluations of these programs. The empirical case study results show some positive changes connected with the participation in the Common Agriculture Policy (CAP). In spite of improvements, farmers continue to cite two primary weaknesses and constraints – administrative procedures and shifting program guidelines – that were evident prior to joining the EU. It can be assumed that the environmental subsidies in the Horizontal Rural Development Plan 2004–2006 have had an effect on the stabilization of the livelihoods of rural inhabitants. In general, there is a positive shift of valuation of the CAP among farmers in the Czech Republic.Keywords:
green subsidies, Czech farmers, multifunctional agriculture, European Union