Effect of the family life cycle on the family farm scale in Southern China
L. Liang, S. Lin, Z. Zhanghttps://doi.org/10.17221/68/2014-AGRICECONCitation:Liang L., Lin S., Zhang Z. (2015): Effect of the family life cycle on the family farm scale in Southern China. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 61: 429-440.
This study empirically analyses the impact of family life cycles on the family farm scale of rural households in Southern China. The ordered Probit modelling is applied to examine the survey data that comprise 2040 valid questionnaires distributed in 88 villages of the Fujian province in China. The family life cycle has a remarkable influence on the family farm scale as a whole. The numbers of children and farming people in a family have a positive significant effects on the family farm scale. In addition, the individual characteristics of female householders have significant effects on the family farm scale. Meanwhile, the family characteristics differ at five defined stages of the family life cycle. The study covers the gap in the literature on the effects of family structure on the rural household economic behaviour, in particular, on the impact of the family life cycles on the family farm scale.Keywords:farmland scale, ordered Probit modelling, rural Chinese householdsReferences:
Barbieri A.F. (2006): Household Life Cycles, Population Mobility and Land use in the Amazon: Some Comments and Research Directions. Population and Environment Research Network, Ecuador.BROSIG Stephan, GLAUBEN Thomas, Herzfeld Thomas, WANG Xiaobing (2009): Persistence of full- and part-time farming in Southern China. China Economic Review, 20, 360-371 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chieco.2008.10.005Chayanov A.V. (1921): The Theory of Peasant Economy. Leipzig, Berlin (in German).Chen F., Liu G. (2009): Population Aging in China. In: Uhlenberg, P. (ed.): The International Handbook of the Demography of Aging. Springer Publishers, New York: 157–172.Chinese Ministry of Agriculture (1991): 1990: An inspection of Chinese rural household responsibility systems and cooperative organization operations. Agricultural Economy Issues, 9: 33–40 (in Chinese).Chinese Office of Rural Fixed Observation Points (2010): A data collection survey of national rural fixed observation points. Ministry of Agriculture in China, Beijing (in Chinese).Clay D.C., Johnson N.E. (1992): Size of farm or size of family: which comes first? Population Studies, 46: 491–505.de Brauw Alan, Huang Jikun, Rozelle Scott, Zhang Linxiu, Zhang Yigang (2002): The Evolution of China's Rural Labor Markets During the Reforms. Journal of Comparative Economics, 30, 329-353 https://doi.org/10.1006/jcec.2002.1778Ellis F. (1993): Peasant Economics: Farm Households in Agrarian Development. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Fischer Heike, Burton Rob J. F. (2014): Understanding Farm Succession as Socially Constructed Endogenous Cycles. Sociologia Ruralis, 54, 417-438 https://doi.org/10.1111/soru.12055Fukuyama F. (1995): Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. Free Press, New York.Fukuyama Francis (2001): Social capital, civil society and development. Third World Quarterly, 22, 7-20 https://doi.org/10.1080/713701144Gao X. (1994): Contemporary trends in rural labors shifts and agricultural ‘feminization’. Social Science Research, 2: 83–90 (in Chinese).Gilly M.C., Enis B.M. (1982): Recycling the family life cycle: a proposal for redefinition. Advances in Consumer Research, 9: 271–276.Glick Paul C. (1947): The Family Cycle. American Sociological Review, 12, 164- https://doi.org/10.2307/2086982Haiguang Hao, Xiubin Li, Jiping Zhang (2013): Impacts of Part-time Farming on Agricultural Land use in Ecologically-vulnerable Areas in North China. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 4, 70-79 https://doi.org/10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2013.01.010HARCSA ISTVAN (1993): SMALL-SCALE FARMING, INFORMAL CO-OPERATION AND THE HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY IN HUNGARY.. Sociologia Ruralis, 33, 105-108 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.1993.tb00952.xHohn C. (1987): The family life cycle: needed extensions of the concept. In: Bongaarts J., Burch T., Wachter K. (eds): Family Demography: Methods and their Application. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Jacka T. (1997): Women’s Work in Rural China: Change and Continuity in an Era of Reform. Cambridge Modern China Series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Kautsky K.J. (1988): The agrarian question. Vol.1 & 2. Pluto Press, London.Kung James Kai-sing (2002): Off-Farm Labor Markets and the Emergence of Land Rental Markets in Rural China. Journal of Comparative Economics, 30, 395-414 https://doi.org/10.1006/jcec.2002.1780Lansing J.B., Morgan J.M. (1955): Consumer finances over the life cycle. Consumer Behavior, 2: 36–50.Li M., Fu S., Wang H. (2009): An interpretation of the ‘pendulum’ phenomenon of rural labor shifts. Population Research, 33: 46–54 (in Chinese).Lin S., Wang J., Zhang F. (2010): An empirical study on the impact of labor migration behavior on the willingness of farmland transfer. China Land Science, 24: 19–23.Lin S., Zhang Z., Lin Y. (2011): An impact analysis of family life cycle on rural labor return: based on a survey of Fujian Rural Area. Journal of Public Management, 8: 76–84 (in Chinese).Lin S., Li L., Lin Y., Zhang L. (2012): Social capital, labor rights protection effect on the job satisfaction of migrant workers: based on a survey of Fujian Rural Area. Fujian Forum (humanities and social science edition), 11: 135–140 (in Chinese).Liu X., Ma D., Luo J. (2010): Origin and efficiency of agribusiness: based on the rural social capital. Journal of South China Agricultural University (social science edition), 9(4): 72–79 (in Chinese).McKelvey Richard D., Zavoina William (1975): A statistical model for the analysis of ordinal level dependent variables. The Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 4, 103-120 https://doi.org/10.1080/0022250X.1975.9989847Mishra A.K., El-Osta H.S., Shaik S. (2010): Succession decisions in US family farm businesses. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 35: 133–152.Murphy Patrick E., Staples William A. (1979): A Modernized Family Life Cycle. Journal of Consumer Research, 6, 12- https://doi.org/10.1086/208744National Bureau of Statistics (2013): Chinese Statistical Yearbook 2013. Chinese Statistical Press, Beijing (in Chinese).Perz S.G. (2001): Household demographic factors as life cycle determinants of land use in the Amazon. Population Research and Policy Review, 20: 159–186. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010658719768Pichon Francisco J. (1997): Colonist Land-Allocation Decisions, Land Use, and Deforestation in the Ecuadorian Amazon Frontier. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 45, 707-744 https://doi.org/10.1086/452305Davies R B, Pickles A R (1991): An analysis of housing careers in Cardiff. Environment and Planning A, 23, 629-650 https://doi.org/10.1068/a230629Polanyi K. (1944): The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time. Beacon Press, Boston; ISBN-10:080705643X.Research Group of the State Council (2006): Report about Chinese Migrant Workers. Chinese Yanshi Press, Beijing (in Chinese).Scott J.C. (1977): The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia. Yale University Press, New Haven.Sorokin P.A., Zimmermann C.C., Galpin C.J. (1931): A Systematic Source Book in Rural Sociology. Russell & Russell, New York, Vol. 1.Sydenstricker N.J., Vosti S.A. (1993): Household size, sex composition and land use in tropical moist forests: evidence from the Machadinho Colonization Project, Rondonia, Brazil. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Cincinnati, Ohio, April 1–3, 1993.Taylor J. Edward, Rozelle Scott, de Brauw Alan (2003): Migration and Incomes in Source Communities: A New Economics of Migration Perspective from China. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 52, 75-101 https://doi.org/10.1086/380135Walder Andrew G., Zhao Litao (2006): Political Office and Household Wealth: Rural China in the Deng Era. The China Quarterly, 186, 357- https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305741006000191Walker R., Perz S., Caldas M., Guilherme Teixeira Silva L. (): Land Use and Land Cover Change in Forest Frontiers: The Role of Household Life Cycles. International Regional Science Review, 25, 169-199 https://doi.org/10.1177/016001702762481230Wells William D., Gubar George (1966): Life Cycle Concept in Marketing Research. Journal of Marketing Research, 3, 355- https://doi.org/10.2307/3149851Yu H., Liu Y. (2007): The modeling and empirical research of family life cycle model in China. Journal of Management Sciences, 20: 45–53.Zhang J. (2008): Social capital of rural households and its effect on their credit behavior: an empirical analysis based on an investigation in Henan province. Agricultural Economic Problems, 29: 28–34 (in Chinese).Zhang Q. (1997): Rural household behavior analysis and agricultural policy of macroeconomic regulation and control. Chinese Rural Economy, 6: 35–38 (in Chinese).