Phases to the transformation of agriculture in Central Europe – Selected processes and their results

https://doi.org/10.17221/86/2018-AGRICECONCitation:BANSKI J. (2018): Phases to the transformation of agriculture in Central Europe – Selected processes and their results. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 64: 546-553.
download PDF

The fall of the communist system in Central Europe was followed by dynamic social and economic change that also had its clear impact on the food sector. One of the key factors shaping the contemporary condition of the agricultural sector in region has been change of ownership, with the collapse of the nationalised sector and restitution of property to former owners. The work presented here considers the main directions of changes and assessment of selected economic processes ongoing in the farming sector over the last quarter-century throughout the region under consideration. This analysis may be further broken down in relation to the three suggested phases of change, i.e. transformation, integration and polarisation. The work took in five countries of the former Eastern Bloc, i.e. the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia.

References:
Balteanu D., Popovici E. (2010): Land use changes and land degradation in post-socialist Romania. Romanian Journal of Geography, 54: 95–105.
 
Bański J. (ed.) (2004): Changing Functions of Rural Areas in the Baltic Sea Region. ERDN, 2, IERiGŻ, IGiPZ PAN, Warsaw.
 
Bański J. (2011): Changes in agricultural land ownership in Poland in the period of the market economy. Agricultural Economics, 57: 93–101.
 
Bański J. (2014): Structure and ownership of agricultural land in Poland in the first years of new millennium. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology B, 4: 85–93.
 
Bański J., Bednarek M. (eds) (2008): Contemporary Changes of Agriculture in East-Central Europe. Rural Studies (Studia Obszarów Wiejskich), 15, IGiPZ PAN, PTG, Warszawa.
 
Benedek J. (2000): Land reform in Romania after 1989: towards market oriented agriculture? In: Tillack P., Schulze E. (eds): Land Ownership, Land Markets and Their Influence on the Efficiency of Agricultural Production in Central and Eastern Europe. IAMO, Halle/Saale.
 
Bicik I., Jelecek L. (2009): Land use and landscape changes in Czechia during the period of transition 1990–2007. Geografie, 114: 263–281.
 
Burger Anna (2001): Agricultural development and land concentration in a central European country: a case study of Hungary. Land Use Policy, 18, 259-268 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-8377(01)00023-0
 
Cox T., Mason B. (1999): Social and Economic Transformation in East Central Europe: Institutions, Property Relations and Social Interests. Edward Elgar Publishing, Northampton.
 
Csaki C., Kray H. (2005): Romanian Food and Agriculture from a European Perspective. ECSSD-Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development. Working Paper No. 39. WB, Bucuresti, Romania.
 
Csaki C., Lerman Z. (eds) (2000): Structural change in the farming sector in Central and Eastern Europe. World Bank Technical Paper No. 465. World Bank, Washington D.C.
 
Dijk Terry van (2003): Scenarios of Central European land fragmentation. Land Use Policy, 20, 149-158 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-8377(02)00082-0
 
Eurostat (2018): Statistical database. Available at https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat
 
Doucha T., Divila E., Fischer M. (2005): Land use and ownership and the Czech farm development. In: Rural Development in Carpathian Europe, Rural Areas and Development, 3. European Rural Development Network, Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS, Warsaw.
 
Dumitru M., Diminescu D., Lazea V. (2004): Rural Development and the Reform of Romanian Agriculture. Collection Studii IER, 10–11, European Institute in Romania, Bucuresti, Romania.
 
European Union (2008): Rural Development in the European Union. Statistical and Economic Information. Report 2008. Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development, European Union.
 
Harcsa I., Kovach I., Szelenyi I. (1998): The price of privatization. The post-communist transformational crisis of the Hungarian agrarian system. In: Szelenyi I. (ed.): Privatising the Land. Rural Political Economy in Post-Communist Societies. Routledge, London.
 
Hartvigsen M. (2013): Land reform in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989 and its outcome in the form of farm structures and land fragmentation. Land Tenure Working Paper No. 24, FAO.
 
Ilieva M., Iliev I. (1995): Changes in the ownership and farmland use in Bulgaria during the transition to market economy. Problemi na geografiata. Geografski Institut BAN, 4: 16–22.
 
Iordachi C., Bauerkamper A. (2011): The Collectivization of Agriculture in Communist Eastern Europe. Central European University Press, Budapest.
 
Kovacs K. (2003): The agricultural restructuring in Hungary 1990–2001. Geographia Polonica, 76: 55–72.
 
Kovacs T. (2005): Restructuring Agriculture. In: Barta G., Fekete E., Szorenyine I., Timar J. (eds.): Hungarian Spaces and Places: Pattern of Transition. Centre for Regional Studies, Pecs: 259–271.
 
Land concentration, land grabbing and people`s struggles in Europe (2013): Transnational Institute (TNI) for European Coordination Via Campesina and Hands off the Land network, FIAN.
 
Lipton David, Sachs Jeffrey, Summers Lawrence H. (1990): Privatization in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1990, 293- https://doi.org/10.2307/2534508
 
Mejstrik M. (ed.) (1997): The Privatization Process in East-Central Europe. International Studies in Economics and Econometrics vol. 36, Springer.
 
Meurs M. (1999): Many Shades of Red: State Policy and Collective Agriculture. Rowman and Littlefield,
 
Maryland.
 
Petrick M., Weingarten P. (2004): The Role of Agriculture in Central and Eastern European Rural Development: Engine of Change or Social Buffer? Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe IAMO, Halle.
 
Popp J., Stauder M. (2003): Land market in Hungary. Agricultural Economics, 49: 173–178.
 
Pryor F.L. (1992): The Red and the Green: The Rise and Fall of Collectivised Agriculture in Marxist Regimes. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
 
Rusu M., Florian V. (2003): Rural space and rural development in Romania. In: Bański J., Owsiński J. (eds): Alternatives for European Rural Areas. European Rural Development Network, 1, Warszawa: 39–56.
 
Smith H., Pechota V. (eds.) (1994): Privatization in Eastern Europe: legal, economic, and social aspects. Columbia University, Transnational Juris Publications Inc., New York, Martinus Njihoff Publishers, Dordrecht.
 
Spisiak P. (1997): Agriculture of Slovakia and its Prospects. Second Czech-Slovak Scientific Seminar ”Transformation Processes in Society and Changes in Environment in Europe”, Prague: 11–16. (in Slovak)
 
Swinnen J., Mathijs E. (1997): Agricultural privatisation, land reform and farm restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe: A comparative analysis. In: Swinnen J., Buckwell A., Mathijs E. (eds): Agricultural Privatisation, Land Reform and Farm Restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe. Ashgate Publishing Ltd., Aldershot: 333–373.
 
Toth-Naar Z., Molnar M., Vinogradov S. (2014): Impact of land use changes on land value in Hungary. Roczniki Naukowe, Stowarzyszenie Ekonomistów Rolnictwa i Agrobiznesu, 16: 500–504.
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences