Economic impacts of farmland degradation in the Czech Republic – Case study

https://doi.org/10.17221/89/2019-AGRICECONCitation:Podhrázská J., Szturc J., Karásek P., Kučera J., Konečná J. (2019): Economic impacts of farmland degradation in the Czech Republic – Case study. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 65: 529-538.
download PDF

To analyse the potential changes in soil characteristics and associated impacts on the land price, the region of South Moravia was selected, strongly threatened by erosion and by claiming the most valuable land in suburban territories due to industrial and housing expansion. For the detailed analysis of the impacts of erosion and land appropriation in the region of South Moravia, the model territories of Brno surroundings with the municipality of Dolní Heršpice and Hustopeče surroundings with the municipality of Starovice were selected. The price of land degraded by potential erosion in the South Moravian region fluctuates between 88 and 2 400 EUR/ha. In the past 180 years, 148 ha of agricultural land in the total value of 822 815 EUR have been used for construction in the location under study in Dolní Heršpice. Further growth of the municipality should involve additional appropriation of agricultural land in the value of 411 000 EUR. In the studied land block of 100.5 ha, located in the Starovice municipality area, water erosion caused degradation in the total value of 92 000 EUR in the period 1978–2013. Extensive losses of fertile agricultural land are to be expected in the future. Their main causes are continuing land appropriation and degradation processes – soil erosion.

References:
Balmann A., Schaft F. (2008): Future economic challenges in agricultural production: Structural change in the face of changing markets, policies and technologies. Archives of Animal Breeding, 51: 13–24.
 
Curtiss J., Jelinek L, Hruska M., Medonos T., Vilhelm V. (2013): The effect of heterogeneous buyers on agricultural land prices: The case of the Czech land market. German Journal of Agricultural Economics, 62: 116–133.
 
Devaty J., Dostal T., Hösl R., Krasa J., Strauss P. (2019): Effects of historical land use and land pattern changes on soil erosion – Case studies from Lower Austria and Central Bohemia. Land Use Policy, 82: 674–685. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.11.058
 
Dostal T., Janecek M., Kliment Z., Krasa J., Langhammer J., Vaska J., Vrana K. (2006): Czech Republic. In: Boardman J., Posen J. (eds): Soil Erosion in Europe. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester: 107–116.
 
European Environment Agency (EEA) (2006): Urban Sprawl in Europe – The Ignored Challenge. EEA Report No. 10/2006. EEA: 56.
 
European Environment Agency (EEA) (2016): Urban Sprawl in Europe. EEA-FOEN Report No. 11/2016. EEA: 135. Available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/urban-sprawl-in-europe
 
Eurostat – Data Explorer (2019): Data Explorer. Eurostat. Available at http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu
 
Hartvigsen M. (2014): Land mobility in Central and Eastern Europe land consolidation context. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, 10: 23–46.
 
Janku J., Sekac P., Barakova J., Kozak J. (2016a): An analysis of land in terms of protection of farmland. Soil and Water Research, 11: 20–28. https://doi.org/10.17221/163/2015-SWR
 
Janku J., Jaksik O., Kozak J., Marhoul A.M. (2016b) Estimation of land loss in the Czech Republic in the near future. Soil and Water Research, 11: 155–162. https://doi.org/10.17221/40/2016-SWR
 
Janovska V., Simova P., Vlasak J., Sklenicka P. (2017): Factors affecting farm size on the European level and the national level of the Czech Republic. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 63: 1–12.
 
Lal R. (2001): Soil degradation by erosion. Land Degradation and Development, 12: 519–539. https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.472
 
Nemec J., Stolbova M., Vrbova E. (2006): Price of Agricultural Land in the Czech Republic in the years 1993–2004. Research Institute for Agricultural Economics, Prague: 170.
 
Popescu M. (2010): Physical size of agricultural holdings in Romania. Gaps between Romania and the European Union member states. Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, New Series, 7: 17–36.
 
Seto K.C., Güneralp B., Hutyra L.R. (2012): Global forecasts of urban expansion to 2030 and direct impacts on biodiversity and carbon pools. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109: 16083–16088. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1211658109
 
Sklenicka P., Molnarova K., Pixova K.C., Salek M. (2013): Factors affecting farmland prices in the Czech Republic. Land Use Policy, 30: 130–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.03.005
 
Sowacgis (2019): Sowacgis. Available at https://mapy.vumop.cz/
 
Szturc J., Karasek P., Podhrazska J. (2017): Historical changes in the land use connected with appropriation of agricultural land – case study of cadastral area Dolni Vestonice and Modrice (Czech Republic). European Countryside, 9: 658–678. https://doi.org/10.1515/euco-2017-0038
 
Thomas J. (2006): Property rights, land fragmentation and the emerging structure of agriculture in Central and Eastern European countries. Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, 3: 225–275.
 
Voltr V. (2012): Concept of soil fertility and soil productivity: Evaluation of agricultural sites in the Czech Republic. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 58: S243–S251. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2012.700511
 
Voltr V., Klir J., Hruska M. (2018): Soil productivity and its relation to the environment in the Czech Republic. In: 4th International Conference on Agricultural and Biological Sciences. IOP Conference. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 185 (2018): 012021. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/185/1/012021
 
Vrbova E., Nemec J. (2005): Land market development in the Czech Republic. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 51: 216–220. https://doi.org/10.17221/5098-AGRICECON
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences