Population problem in the future – challenges, questions
V. Jeníčekhttps://doi.org/10.17221/91/2009-AGRICECONCitation:Jeníček V. (2010): Population problem in the future – challenges, questions. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 56: 97-107.
Population regulation cannot be left just to wars, epidemics and famines in future. A mutual cooperation is necessary to accept suitable measures helping to decrease, or at least to sustain, the population at the desirable level and at the same time to improve life conditions of many inhabitants of the Earth. The mankind has the necessary knowledge and means to find the right solution. The belief into a better future is the driving force of the necessary steps. A decisive role is played by the population transition. Its first phase, which still prevails in some regions, started the exponential increase of the Earth population. In the second phase, the demographic revolution causes ageing of the population. At present, the world population increments are decreasing and it can be presupposed in the long run that the size of the population will stabilise. All population increments will be the matter of developing countries, while the population of the most developed countries will stagnate or, under the influence of the de-population in some countries, even slightly decrease.Keywords:forecast of the population, population changes, allocation, ageing of population