World population – development, transition
V. Jeníčekhttps://doi.org/10.17221/92/2009-AGRICECONCitation:Jeníček V. (2010): World population – development, transition. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 56: 1-15.
The accelerated population growth is a very important problem of the present civilisation. The humankind started to realise the importance of the problem already at the beginning of 60s when the demographic development begun to show the unprecedented scope. The notion “population problem” became the topic of many discussions. Gradually, all states of the developing countries started to apply the natality regulation strategy. The forcible methods applied in China and India cannot be accepted as they do not fulfil the human approach demands. The most important prerequisite of the gradual population stabilisation is the attitude of the families themselves. To decrease the population considerably, it is necessary to abolish the family as the base of the patriarchal structures in developing countries, to give women completely equal rights. It is important that both man and woman participated equally in the upbringing and nutrition of children. Woman should have the possibility to decide on the number of her children. They should be able to make their own decisions regarding marriage, job, as well as the way of spending money. However, many women lack this possibility; they are slaves of their fathers and husbands. The implementation of women rights into the population policy is the most important issue.Keywords:population development – Europe, Africa, America, Asia, demographic transition, demographic indicators, anti-population policy, migration, urbanisation