Measuring regional differences in food security from access and stability dimensions: A methodological proposal based on elasticities

https://doi.org/10.17221/97/2019-AGRICECONCitation:Forero-Cantor G., Ribal J., Sanjuán N. (2020): Measuring regional differences in food security from access and stability dimensions: A methodological proposal based on elasticities. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 66: 112-119.
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One constraint when dealing with food security problems is the absence of measurement tools that allow for mitigation strategies to be targeted on each region individually. The elasticities can be used as a good exploratory instrument of food security. This paper presents a proposal for measuring the food insecurity dimensions of access and stability, integrating the values of the different kinds of elasticities. The methodology was applied to Spain, using data from nine groups of protein-rich foods of animal origin during the 2004–2015 period in 17 regions. The results suggest that, as regards foods rich in animal proteins, Navarra and Galicia are the regions with the highest food insecurity, and pork meat is the most insecure food product. Comparisons can be carried out between and within regions.

 

References:
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Benda R., Hanova M. (2016): Modelling consumer´s behaviour of the meat consumption in Slovakia. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 62: 235–245. https://doi.org/10.17221/33/2015-AGRICECON
 
Cafiero C., Melgar-Quiñonez H.R., Ballard T.J., Kepple A.W. (2014): Validity and reliability of food security measures. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 133: 230–248. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12594
 
Candel J.J.L. (2014): Food security governance: A systematic literature review. Food Security, 6: 585–601. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-014-0364-2
 
Coates J. (2013): Build it back better: Deconstructing food security for improved measurement and action. Global Food Security, 2: 188–194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2013.05.002
 
Day L. (2016): Proteins from land plants – Potential resources for human nutrition and food security. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 32: 25–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2013.05.005
 
Deaton B.A., Muellbauer J. (1980): An almost ideal demand system. The American Economic Review, 70: 312–326.
 
Emery J.C.H., Bartoo A.C., Matheson J., Ferrer A., Kirkpatrick S.I., Tarasuk V., McIntyre L. (2012): Evidence of the association between household food insecurity and heating cost inflation in Canada, 1998–2001. Canadian Public Policy, 38: 181–215. https://doi.org/10.3138/cpp.38.2.181
 
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García-Germán S., Bardají I., Garrido A. (2018): Do increasing prices affect food deprivation in the European Union? Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 16: 1–14. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2018161-11254
 
García-Muros X., Markandya A., Romero-Jordán D., González-Eguino M. (2017): The distributional effects of carbon-based food taxes. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140: 996–1006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.05.171
 
Green R., Alston J.M. (1990): Elasticities in AIDS Models. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 72: 442–445. https://doi.org/10.2307/1242346
 
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Hendriks S.L. (2015): The food security continuum: a novel tool for understanding food insecurity as a range of experiences. Food Security, 7: 609–619. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-015-0457-6
 
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Jones A., Ngure F.M., Pelto G., Young S.L. (2013): What are we assessing when we measure food security? A compendium and review of current metrics. Advances in Nutrition, 4: 481–505. https://doi.org/10.3945/an.113.004119
 
Kang H. (2015): A study on the relationship between international trade and food security: Evidence from less developed countries (LDCs). Agricultural Economics – Czech, 61: 475–483.
 
Lasarte Navamuel E., Rubiera Morollón F., Paredes D. (2014): City size and household food consumption: Demand elasticities in Spain. Applied Economics, 46: 1624–1641. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2013.868593
 
Lundberg J., Lundberg S. (2012): Distributional effects of lower food prices in a rich country: calculations based on estimates of household demand for food. Journal of Consumer Policy, 35: 373–391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10603-012-9193-x
 
Masset E. (2011): A review of hunger indices and methods to monitor country commitment to fighting hunger. Food Policy, 36 (Suppl. 1): S102–S108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2010.11.007
 
Maxwell D., Coates J., Vaitla B. (2013): How Do Different Indicators of Household Food Security Compare ? Empirical Evidence from Tigray. Sommerville, Feinstein International Center: 1–19.
 
Ministry of Health, Consumption, and Social Services (2018): Economic Crisis and Health in Spain. Madrid, Centro de publicaciones. (in Spanish)
 
Moschini G. (1995): Units of measurement and the stone index in demand system estimation. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 77: 63–68. https://doi.org/10.2307/1243889
 
Naylor R., Falcon W. (2010): Food security in an era of economic volatility. Population and Development Review, 36: 693–723. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00354.x
 
Nechyba T.J. (2010): Microeconomics: An Intuitive Approach With Calculus. United States of America, SOUTH-WESTERN, CENGAGE Learning.
 
Nicholson W., Snyder C. (2009): Intermediate Microeconomics and its Application. United States of America, SOUTH-WESTERN, CENGAGE Learning.
 
Andreyeva T., Long M.W., Brownell K.D. (2010): The impact of food prices on consumption: a systematic review of research on the price elasticity of demand for food. American Journal of Public Health, 100: 216–222. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2008.151415
 
Antentas J., Vivas E. (2014): Impact of the crisis on the right to healthy and healthy food. SESPAS REPORT 2014. Gaceta Sanitaria, 28: 58–61. (in Spanish) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.04.006
 
Ariño A., Beltrán J.A., Herrera A., Roncalés P.(2013): Fish and seafood: Nutritional value. In: Caballero B., Allen L.H., Prentice A., Berdanier C., Bates C., Duggan C., Finglas P., Hoffman D., Dangour A., Buttriss J., Tucker K., Westerte-Plantenga M., Freake H., Geissler C., Bistrian B., Pettifor J., Kurpad A., Dwyer J., Monteiro C., Forrester T., York D. (eds): Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, 2: 254–261.
 
Barrett C.B. (2002): Food security and food assistance programs. In: Gardner B.L., Rausser G.C. (eds): Handbook of Agricultural Economics. Netherlands, Elsevier: 2103–2190.
 
Barrett C.B. (2010): Measuring food insecurity. Science, 327: 825–828. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1182768
 
Benda R., Hanova M. (2016): Modelling consumer´s behaviour of the meat consumption in Slovakia. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 62: 235–245. https://doi.org/10.17221/33/2015-AGRICECON
 
Cafiero C., Melgar-Quiñonez H.R., Ballard T.J., Kepple A.W. (2014): Validity and reliability of food security measures. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 133: 230–248. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12594
 
Candel J.J.L. (2014): Food security governance: A systematic literature review. Food Security, 6: 585–601. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-014-0364-2
 
Coates J. (2013): Build it back better: Deconstructing food security for improved measurement and action. Global Food Security, 2: 188–194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2013.05.002
 
Day L. (2016): Proteins from land plants – Potential resources for human nutrition and food security. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 32: 25–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2013.05.005
 
Deaton B.A., Muellbauer J. (1980): An almost ideal demand system. The American Economic Review, 70: 312–326.
 
Emery J.C.H., Bartoo A.C., Matheson J., Ferrer A., Kirkpatrick S.I., Tarasuk V., McIntyre L. (2012): Evidence of the association between household food insecurity and heating cost inflation in Canada, 1998–2001. Canadian Public Policy, 38: 181–215. https://doi.org/10.3138/cpp.38.2.181
 
FAO, IFAD and WFP (2015): The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Meeting the 2015 International Hunger Targets: Taking Stock of Uneven Progress. Rome, FAO.
 
García-Germán S., Bardají I., Garrido A. (2018): Do increasing prices affect food deprivation in the European Union? Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 16: 1–14. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2018161-11254
 
García-Muros X., Markandya A., Romero-Jordán D., González-Eguino M. (2017): The distributional effects of carbon-based food taxes. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140: 996–1006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.05.171
 
Green R., Alston J.M. (1990): Elasticities in AIDS Models. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 72: 442–445. https://doi.org/10.2307/1242346
 
Green R., Cornelsen L., Dangour A.D., Turner R., Shankar B., Mazzocchi M., Smith R.D. (2013): The effect of rising food prices on food consumption: systematic review with meta-regression. BMJ: 346. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f3703
 
Headey D., Ecker O. (2013): Rethinking the measurement of food security: From first principles to best practice. Food Security, 5: 327–343. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-013-0253-0
 
Hendriks S.L. (2015): The food security continuum: a novel tool for understanding food insecurity as a range of experiences. Food Security, 7: 609–619. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-015-0457-6
 
Henningsen A. (2015): micEconAids: Demand Analysis with the Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS). R package version 0.6-18.
 
Hubbard R.G., O´Brien A. (2013): Microeconomics. The Pearson Series in Economics. 4th Ed. Upper Saddle River, Prentice Hall.
 
Spanish National Statistics Institute (NSI) (2016): Panel of Household Food Consumption in Spain. [Dataset]. Spain, Spanish National Statistics Institute. Available at https://www.mapa.gob.es/es/alimentacion/temas/consumo-y-comercializacion-y-distribucion-alimentaria/panel-de-consumo-alimentario/ultimos-datos/ (in Spanish)
 
Jones A., Ngure F.M., Pelto G., Young S.L. (2013): What are we assessing when we measure food security? A compendium and review of current metrics. Advances in Nutrition, 4: 481–505. https://doi.org/10.3945/an.113.004119
 
Kang H. (2015): A study on the relationship between international trade and food security: Evidence from less developed countries (LDCs). Agricultural Economics – Czech, 61: 475–483.
 
Lasarte Navamuel E., Rubiera Morollón F., Paredes D. (2014): City size and household food consumption: Demand elasticities in Spain. Applied Economics, 46: 1624–1641. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2013.868593
 
Lundberg J., Lundberg S. (2012): Distributional effects of lower food prices in a rich country: calculations based on estimates of household demand for food. Journal of Consumer Policy, 35: 373–391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10603-012-9193-x
 
Masset E. (2011): A review of hunger indices and methods to monitor country commitment to fighting hunger. Food Policy, 36 (Suppl. 1): S102–S108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2010.11.007
 
Maxwell D., Coates J., Vaitla B. (2013): How Do Different Indicators of Household Food Security Compare ? Empirical Evidence from Tigray. Sommerville, Feinstein International Center: 1–19.
 
Ministry of Health, Consumption, and Social Services (2018): Economic Crisis and Health in Spain. Madrid, Centro de publicaciones. (in Spanish)
 
Moschini G. (1995): Units of measurement and the stone index in demand system estimation. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 77: 63–68. https://doi.org/10.2307/1243889
 
Naylor R., Falcon W. (2010): Food security in an era of economic volatility. Population and Development Review, 36: 693–723. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00354.x
 
Nechyba T.J. (2010): Microeconomics: An Intuitive Approach With Calculus. United States of America, SOUTH-WESTERN, CENGAGE Learning.
 
Nicholson W., Snyder C. (2009): Intermediate Microeconomics and its Application. United States of America, SOUTH-WESTERN, CENGAGE Learning.
 
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