Unused potential for Smart Specialization development through collaboration: Lithuanian case

https://doi.org/10.17221/98/2019-AGRICECONCitation:Gedminaitė-Raudonė Ž., Vidickienė D., Vilkė R. (2019): Unused potential for Smart Specialization development through collaboration: Lithuanian case. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 65: 463-469.
download PDF

Smart Specialization in this research is addressed to the use of collaboration as a tool for increasing efficiency of investment in entrepreneurship, research and innovation in a service-driven post-industrial economic system. This study provides evidence that collaboration potential is used only partly during the implementation of Smart Specialization strategy. The research illustrates given thesis by the evaluation of collaboration in Lithuanian biogas sector, which is listed among the priorities of Lithuania’s Smart Specialization strategy till 2020, using structured interviews. The main aim of this empirical research is to assess the will to collaborate in order to enhance the development of Smart Specialization and identify unused collaboration potential among all Quadruple Helix model counterparts in the biogas sector. Empirical findings show that collaboration in the Smart Specialization development has a big potential. However, this potential is used only partly because of lack of knowledge and available business infrastructure for this task and the passive role in collaboration processes of government institutions. Research findings suggest that current situation should be changed by supporting measures for business and NGOs with the aim to encourage collaborative initiatives for Smart Specialization. Research findings might serve as guidelines for policy makers, entrepreneurs, university and NGO managers.

Bakker C., den Hollander M., Van Hinte E., Zljlstra Y. (2014).: Products that Last: Product Design for Circular Business Models. TU Delft Library.
Carayannis E.G., Campbell D.F.J. (2009): ‘Mode 3’ and ‘quadruple Helix’: toward a 21st century fractal innovation ecosystem’. International Journal of Technology Management, 46: 201–234.  https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.2009.023374
Carayannis E.G., Campbell D.F.J. (2010): Triple helix, quadruple helix and quintuple helix and how do knowledge, innovation and the environment relate to each other? International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development, 1: 41–69.  https://doi.org/10.4018/jsesd.2010010105
Carayannis E., Grigoroudis E. (2016): Quadruple innovation helix and smart specialization: knowledge production and national competitiveness. Foresight and STI Governance, 10: 31–42.  https://doi.org/10.17323/1995-459x.2016.1.31.42
European Commission (2014): National/regional innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3). Cohesion policy 2014–2020. Available at http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/informat/2014/smart_specialisation_en.pdf (accessed Feb 12, 2019).
Etzkowitz H. (1993): Technology transfer: The second academic revolution. Technology Access Report, 6: 7–9.
Etzkowitz H., Leydesdorff L. (1995): The triple helix-university-industry-government relations: a laboratory for knowledge-based economic development. EASST Review, 14: 14–19.
Foray D. (2012): Economic fundamentals of smart specialisation. Economies, 83: 55–78.
Foray D. (2014): From smart specialisation to smart specialisation policy. European Journal of Innovation Management, 17: 492–507.  https://doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-09-2014-0096
Foray D. (2015): Smart Specialization. Opportunities and Challenges for Regional Innovation Policy. Routledge, London.
Foray D., David P., Hall B.H. (2009): Smart Specialization – the Concept. Knowledge Economists Policy Brief, Number 9, June. European Commission: DG Research, Brussels.
Foray D., Goenaga X. (2013): The goals of smart specialization. European Commission: JRC Scientific and Policy Report, S3 Policy Brief Series No. 01/2013.
Gianelle C., Kiriakou D., Cohen C., Przeor M. (2016): Implementing Smart Specialisation strategies: a Handbook. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Directorate B. Growth & Innovation Smart Specialisation Platform. Joint Research Centre. Seville, Spain.
Landabaso M. (2014): Guest editorial on research and innovation strategies for smart specialization in Europe. European Journal of Innovation Management, 17: 378–389. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-08-2014-0093
Lithuania’s Smart Specialization strategy till 2020 (2014): Approved by the Decision No. 411 by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania on April 30, 2014. Available at https://e-seimas.lrs.lt/portal/legalAct/lt/TAD/78c68700d77c11e3b272e0e81c552d38 (accessed Feb 19, 2019).
McCann P., Ortega-Argilés R. (2013): Transforming European regional policy: a results-driven agenda and smart specialization. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 29: 405–431. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/grt021
Mitchell R.K., Agle B.R., Wood D.J. (1997): Toward a theory of stakeholder identification and salience: defining the principle of who and what really counts. Academy of Management Review, 22: 853–86. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1997.9711022105
Santonen T., Kaivo-oja J., Suomala J. (2014): The next steps in developing the triple helix model: a brief introduction to national open innovation system (NOIS) paradigm. Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics, and Informatics (JSCI), 12: 74–82.
Statistics Lithuania (2018): Energy Balance 2017. Available at https://osp.stat.gov.lt/services-portlet/pub-edition-file?id=30340 (accessed Feb 12, 2019).
Virkkala S., Mäenpää A., Mariussen Å. (2014): The Ostrobothnian model of smart specialisation: University of Vaasa, Vaasa.
Virkkala S., Mäenpää A., Mariussen Å. (2017): A connectivity model as a potential tool for smart specialization strategies. European Planning Studies, 25: 661–679. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2017.1283391
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti