The study aimed to reveal the competitiveness of the world dried sector for some selected products such as dried apples, prunes, apricots, figs, and grapes. In the study, the data was subjected to the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Relative Export Advantage (RXA), Relative Import Advantage (RMA), Relative Trade Advantage (RTA) and Relative Competitiveness (RC) indices. RCA is an index developed by Balassa to determine the competitiveness of a specific country for selected products or goods. To demonstrate the economic outlook for the world dried sector, the 2007 to 2017 data of China, USA, Chile, Germany, Iran, the Netherlands, South Africa, France, Uzbekistan, Argentina, Spain, Turkey, and India were compared, these countries dominating the sector of selected dried agricultural products. The results demonstrated that the world dried sector is very responsive to economic crises and to local currency rate. The RCA index was found to be 4.66 in 2007 for Turkey and it decreased to 4.45 by 2009 during the world economic crisis. The other breaking point was 2013 when Turkey experienced both economic and political crises.
Altintas N., Akpolat A.G. (2013): Textile sector in the European Union with Turkey competition analysis. Kafkas University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 4: 33–42.
Arisoy H., Bayramoğlu Z., Çelik Y., Özer O. (2014): Regional concentration of Turkish dried fruits exports. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, 1: 269–280.
Balassa B. (1965): Trade liberalization and revealed comparative advantage. Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies, 33: 99–124. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9957.1965.tb00050.x
Balassa B. (1977): Revealed comparative advantage revisited: An analysis of relative export shares of the industrial countries, 1953–1971. The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, 45: 327–344.
Balassa B. (1986): Comparative advantage in manufactured goods: A reappraisal. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 68: 315–319. https://doi.org/10.2307/1925512
Barca M., Gürpinar K. (2007): International competitiveness of Turkish furniture industry level and reasons (Turk Mobilya Sektorunun Uluslararasi Rekabet Gucu Duzeyi ve Nedenleri). Eskisehir Osmangazi University IIBF Journal, 2: 41–62. (in Turkish)
Bowen H. (1983): On the theoretical interpretation of trade intensity and revealed comparative advantage. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 119: 464–472. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02706520
Couillard C., Turkina E. (2015): Trade liberalisation: The effects of free trade agreements on the competitiveness of the dairy sector. The World Economy, 38: 1015–1033. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12181
Fertö I., Hubbard L.J. (2003): Revealed comparative advantage and competitiveness in Hungarian agri-food sectors. The World Economy, 26: 247–259. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9701.00520
Ertemli G., Demirbaş N. (2015): Competitiveness of the Turkish dried fruit sector. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 12: 40–46.
Hatirli S.A., Ozkan B., Fert C. (2004): Competitiveness of Turkish fruits in the world market. Acta Horticulturae, 655: 357–364. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2004.655.43
Hambalkova M. (2006): The factors of competitiveness and the quantification of their impact on the export efficiency of grape and wine in the Slovak Republic. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 52: 389–394.
Hillman A. (1980): Observations on the relation between revealed comparative advantage and comparative advantage as indicated by pre-trade relative prices. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 116: 315–321. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02696859
Istanbul Exporters Association (2020): Dried Fruit Report (Kuru meyve ve mamulleri ihracat değerlendirmesi). Available at https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwj5vaO4iODpAhVLcBQKHYKsBgQFjAAegQIARAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.iib.org.tr%2Ffiles%2Fdownloads%2Fraporlar%2F2018%2Fmart%2Fkurumeyve_mart2018.pdf&usg=AOvVaw2ybIo1S4GBP8Mm0Bw1mrEd (accessed March 20, 2020). (in Turkish)
Kojima K. (1970): The pattern of international trade among advanced countries. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, 5: 16–36.
Presidency of Republic of the Turkey Investment Office (2020): Agri-Food Industry Report. Available at https://www.invest.gov.tr/en/library/publications/lists/investpublications/agrofood-industry.pdf (accessed March 20, 2020).
Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Directorate of Strategy Development (2020): Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Directorate of Strategy Development Report. Available at https://www.tarimorman.gov.tr/SGB/Belgeler/Veriler/GSYH.pdf (accessed March 20, 2020). (in Turkish)
Richardson D.J., Zhang C. (1999): Revealing comparative advantage: Chaotic or coherent patterns across time and sector and U.S. trading partner. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper: 7212.
Sahinli M.A. (2011): Revealed comparative advantage index: An application on Turkey cotton industry. The Journal of Social and Economic Research, 15: 237–250.
Sahinli M.A. (2013): Comparative advantage of agriculture sector between Turkey and European Union. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8: 884–895.
Sahinli M.A. (2014): Revealed comperative advantage and competitiviness: Turkey agricultural sector. Yuzuncu Yil University Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 24: 210–217.
Sarker R., Ratnasena S. (2014): Revealed comparative advantage and half-a-century competitiveness of Canadian agriculture: A case study of wheat, beef, and pork sectors. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, 62: 519–544. https://doi.org/10.1111/cjag.12057
Sassi M. (2003): The competitiveness of agricultural products in world trade and the role of the European Union. In: Proceedings International Conference Agricultural Policy Reform and the WTO: Where are we heading? Capri, Italy, June 23–26, 2003.
Scott L., Vollrath T. (1992): Global competitive advantages and overall bilateral complementarity in agriculture. Statistical Bulletin – United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, 154792.
Trade Ministry of Turkish Republic (2020): Dried Fruits. Available at https://www.trade.gov.tr/data/5b8fd55613b8761f041fee87/Dried%20Fruits.pdf (accessed March 20, 2020).
Trade Statistics for International Business Development (2020): Trade Map. Available at https://www.trademap.org/Index.aspx (accessed March 20, 2020).
Transparency Market Reseach (2020): Global Dried Fruits Market: Overview. Available at https://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/dried-fruits-market.html (accessed March 20, 2020).