Evaluation of chosen benefits on environment and landscape coming from Czech agriculture
V. Křůmalováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/5282-AGRICECONCitation:Křůmalová V. (2002): Evaluation of chosen benefits on environment and landscape coming from Czech agriculture. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 48: 13-17.
The objective of the study was to assess public goods coming from agriculture. Decisions about subjects of the assessment was the first step which was followed by the choice of suitable methods in view of data availability. The choice came out mainly from the most significant agricultural subsidies in the framework of public finance extent and were introduced as multifunctional agriculture maintenance (landscape maintenance, grassing, vulnerable farming in protected landscape areas and national parks etc.). Landscape maintenance was considered as the most relevant and it was quantified by direct valuation method (contingent valuation method). The other public goods were assessed by indirect valuation methods (opportunity costs, replacement costs, prevention costs).Keywords:
multi-functionality, public goods, externalities, direct valuation methods, indirect valuation methods, contingent valuation methods, prevention costs, replacement costs, opportunity costs