Diversification of individual farms in Slovakia with regard to production use patterns and level of income
G. Blaashttps://doi.org/10.17221/5257-AGRICECONCitation:Blaas G. (2003): Diversification of individual farms in Slovakia with regard to production use patterns and level of income. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 49: 1-7.
During the years of transition to market economy, a variety of farming types has evolved in Slovakia. Corporate farming is still pursued on about 80 per cent of the total agricultural land area, but a gradual increase of individual farms can be observed. A large portion of the registered individual farms is producing both for the market and for the self-supply of households, but the importance of specialised commercial farms has been growing during the recent years. Their share in the total number of registered individual farms can be estimated as 25 per cent and they specialise as a rule on cash crop products. The average production area is 130 hectares, but income differentiation is wide-ranging within this group of farms. The lowest income strata (which represent about 50 per cent of these farms) receive eight times less income, than the highest one – represented by less than 2 per cent of cases.Keywords:
farm restructuring, individual farm, product specialisation, production use, income, scale of operation