Development of the Slovak agriculture and agricultural policies during the transition period
J. Pokrivčákhttps://doi.org/10.17221/5443-AGRICECONCitation:Pokrivčák J. (2003): Development of the Slovak agriculture and agricultural policies during the transition period. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 49: 533-539.
The economic importance of agricultural sector in Slovakia declined during transition period. There are several reasons for this: declining terms of agricultural trade, extreme weather, transformation of agricultural sector, unclear property rights in transition period, short-run privatization distortions, transformation of up and downstream sectors, world market fluctuation, decline of real wages, low stability of agricultural policy and other. The development in economic market was paralleled by activity in political market. After initial liberalization, agricultural protection subsequently increased. The EU accession influences both levels of protection as well as instruments of agricultural policy.Keywords:
agriculture, Slovakia, EU, political economy, transition