Knowledge based higher education
J. Havlíček, J. Hron, I. Ticháhttps://doi.org/10.17221/5002-AGRICECONCitation:Havlíček J., Hron J., Tichá I. (2006): Knowledge based higher education. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 52: 107-116.
While data and/or information based education was built on pedagogic, psychology, philosophy of science and didactic disciplines, the new dimension of knowledge based education will involve new disciplines such as Knowledge Management, Epistemology, Systems Theory, Artificial Knowledge Management Systems, Value Theory and Theory of Measurement. It is often assumed that data, information and knowledge are depicted as a pyramid. The data, the most plentiful type, are at the bottom, information, produced from data, is above it and knowledge, produced from information through the hard work of refining or mining, above it. This schema satisfies specific needs of an organisation of warehouse data systems but it does not explain the role of these objects in the educational process. In education, the distinctions among data, information and knowledge need to be distinguished from the complex pedagogical point of view. Knowledge is the engine asking for more information and more data. Knowledge life cycle produces more information, more information asks for more data – that is: there is “just information”. Data, information and knowledge can be considered as object oriented measures assigned to real objects (entities). The following measures can be assigned to the objects: Measure of the zero order – name. Measure of the first order – data. Measure of the second order – information. Metrics of the third order – knowledge. Knowledge based curriculum involves knowledge into study plans and it considers knowledge as a distinctive part of study. Knowledge becomes the engine starting cycle of new information acquisition, reproduction and integration. The following problems have to be solved in building of knowledge based curriculum: Methodology and organisation of educational process. Technical support for knowledge based education. Evaluation and assessment of the process.Keywords:
data, information, knowledge, knowledge life cycle, measures and measuring, knowledge mining and elicitation, k-based curriculum