Czech agriculture after the accession to the European Union – impacts on the development of its multifunctionality
T. Doucha, I. Foltýnhttps://doi.org/10.17221/291-AGRICECONCitation:Doucha T., Foltýn I. (2008): Czech agriculture after the accession to the European Union – impacts on the development of its multifunctionality. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 54: 150-157.
The article presents the evaluation of multifunctionality of Czech agriculture and its individual farm categories in the period of 2003–2005. It compares the situation before and after the EU accession. The assessment is based on the set of indicators for the three elementary axes of multifunctionality: economic efficiency, relations to environment and relations to rural development. Applying the presented method of multi-criterion evaluation and during the period of 2003–2005 on average, the highest level of multifunctionality is found in the category of farms of physical persons with 101–300 ha (score 174) and the lowest level in the category of collective farms – cooperatives and joint stock companies (score about 115). However, compared with the pre-accession period, the collective farms show the highest growth of the score (by 17%) after the EU accession.Keywords:agriculture, multifunctionality, agricultural policy, farm categories