Economic development in Slovak agriculture
Z. Chrastinová, V. Burianováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/580-AGRICECONCitation:Chrastinová Z., Burianová V. (2009): Economic development in Slovak agriculture. Agric. Econ. – Czech, 55: 67-76.
The article discusses economic development of Slovak agriculture in the period after the accession of Slovakia to the EU and after adopting the CAP. It evaluates agriculture as a whole and its contribution to the national economy, as well as the economic performance of the individual legal forms of business and production sectors. The results achieved by agriculture in 2004–2007 suggest that the income within the sector (except of 2005) has improved also due to the inflow of the EU subsidies. On the other hand, despite the growing aid the production output is shrinking, wages stagnate and the employment is falling. This suggests that the CAP should be changed after 2013, especially as regards the ways of subsidy payments. Economics of the individual products are largely affected by input prices, realisation prices, as well as by the volume of direct subsidies, namely in the plant production – the subsidies for crops grown on arable land, and in animal production – the subsidies per 1 Big Cattle Unit.Keywords:agricultural economics, profit/loss, product sectors, subsidy, profitability