Effects of different durations of fasting/re-feeding bouts on growth, biochemical and histological changes in the digestive tract of Gansu golden trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

https://doi.org/10.17221/107/2017-CJASCitation:Liu X., Hegab I.M.M., Su J., Du X., Fan X., Zhang Q., Gao Y., Wang H. (2018): Effects of different durations of fasting/re-feeding bouts on growth, biochemical and histological changes in the digestive tract of Gansu golden trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Czech J. Anim. Sci., 63: 389-398.
download PDF

This study was conducted to explore the outcomes of starvation/re-feeding techniques on growth performance, liver antioxidant activities, and histological changes of the gastrointestinal organs of Gansu golden trout. A total of 225 juveniles were divided into 5 treatment groups; the control group (N0) was routinely fed every day while the other groups (N7, N14, N21, and N28) were starved for 7, 14, 21, and 28 days, respectively and after the starvation session, each group was re-fed for 28 days. Compensatory growth was statistically recorded in N14. Weight gain rate and feeding ratio were the highest in the N14 group, while specific growth rate and feeding conversion ratio showed significant increases in the fish groups exposed to longer starvation periods. Liver antioxidant activities showed a significant increase and decrease in malondialdehyde and superoxide dismutase levels in N21 and N28, respectively, which returned to normal levels after re-feeding. Stomach, intestine, and liver showed histological alterations in all groups and the severity was correlated with the fasting periods. Those changes were restored to a certain degree after feeding was resumed. The compensation by group N14 presents potential for economic usefulness of the fasting/re-feeding strategy in Gansu golden trout.

References:
Ali Tamer El Sayed, Martínez-Llorens Silvia, Moñino A.V., Cerdá Miguel Jover, Tomás-Vidal Ana (2016): Effects of weekly feeding frequency and previous ration restriction on the compensatory growth and body composition of Nile tilapia fingerlings. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 42, 357-363  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2016.06.004
 
Bennett Kimberley Ann, MacMillan Ian Sean, Hammill Mike, Currie Suzanne (2014): HSP70 Abundance and Antioxidant Capacity in Feeding and Fasting Gray Seal Pups: Suckling Is Associated with Higher Levels of Key Cellular Defenses. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 87, 663-676  https://doi.org/10.1086/676935
 
Bhattacharyya Asima, Chattopadhyay Ranajoy, Mitra Sankar, Crowe Sheila E. (2014): Oxidative Stress: An Essential Factor in the Pathogenesis of Gastrointestinal Mucosal Diseases. Physiological Reviews, 94, 329-354  https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00040.2012
 
Bilton H. T., Robins G. L. (1973): The Effects of Starvation and Subsequent Feeding on Survival and Growth of Fulton Channel Sockeye Salmon Fry ( Oncorhynchus nerka ). Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 30, 1-5  https://doi.org/10.1139/f73-001
 
Brock G. R., Butterworth C. J., Matthews J. B., Chapple I. L. C. (2004): Local and systemic total antioxidant capacity in periodontitis and health. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 31, 515-521  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2004.00509.x
 
Cant J P, McBride B W, Croom W J (1996): The regulation of intestinal metabolism and its impact on whole animal energetics.. Journal of Animal Science, 74, 2541-  https://doi.org/10.2527/1996.74102541x
 
Chokshi Kaumeel, Pancha Imran, Ghosh Arup, Mishra Sandhya (2017): Nitrogen starvation-induced cellular crosstalk of ROS-scavenging antioxidants and phytohormone enhanced the biofuel potential of green microalga Acutodesmus dimorphus. Biotechnology for Biofuels, 10, -  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13068-017-0747-7
 
Davis Kenneth B., Gaylord T. Gibson (2011): Effect of fasting on body composition and responses to stress in sunshine bass. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 158, 30-36  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.08.019
 
EL-Khaldi Aziza T.F. (2010): Effect of different stress factors on some physiological parameters of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 17, 241-246  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2010.04.009
 
Gingerich Andrew James, Philipp David P., Suski Cory D. (2010): Effects of nutritional status on metabolic rate, exercise and recovery in a freshwater fish. Journal of Comparative Physiology B, 180, 371-384  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-009-0419-4
 
Hall K.C., Bellwood D.R. (1995): Histological effects of cyanide, stress and starvation on the intestinal mucosa of Pomacentrus coelestis, a marine aquarium fish species. Journal of Fish Biology, 47, 438–454.
 
Hayward Robert S., Noltie Douglas B., Wang Ning (1997): Use of Compensatory Growth to Double Hybrid Sunfish Growth Rates. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 126, 316-322  https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1997)126<0316:NUOCGT>2.3.CO;2
 
Ho Edwin, Karimi Galougahi Keyvan, Liu Chia-Chi, Bhindi Ravi, Figtree Gemma A. (2013): Biological markers of oxidative stress: Applications to cardiovascular research and practice. Redox Biology, 1, 483-491  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.redox.2013.07.006
 
Hornick J.L, Van Eenaeme C, Gérard O, Dufrasne I, Istasse L (2000): Mechanisms of reduced and compensatory growth. Domestic Animal Endocrinology, 19, 121-132  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0739-7240(00)00072-2
 
Mukherjee Sourav, Maitra Saumen Kumar (2015): Effects of starvation, re-feeding and timing of food supply on daily rhythm features of gut melatonin in carp ( Catla catla ). Chronobiology International, 32, 1264-1277  https://doi.org/10.3109/07420528.2015.1087020
 
Nikki Jyrki, Pirhonen Juhani, Jobling Malcolm, Karjalainen Juha (2004): Compensatory growth in juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), held individually. Aquaculture, 235, 285-296  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2003.10.017
 
Ostaszewska Teresa, Korwin-Kossakowski MichaŁ, Wolnicki Jacek (2006): Morphological changes of digestive structures in starved tench Tinca tinca (L.) juveniles. Aquaculture International, 14, 113-126  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-005-9016-z
 
Prabhakar S.K., Sardar P., Das R.C. (2008): Effect of starvation with subsequent realimentation with respect to compensatory growth of Indian Major Carp, Rohu (Labeo rohita H.). Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 8, 89–96.
 
Robb D.H. (2008): Welfare of fish at harvest. In: Branson E.J. (ed.): Fish Welfare. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
 
Scherz-Shouval R., Elazar Z. (2009): Monitoring starvation-induced reactive oxygen species formation. Methods in Enzymology, 452, 119–130.
 
Segner H, Moller H (1984): Electron microscopical investigations on starvation-induced liver pathology in flounders Platichthys flesus. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 19, 193-196  https://doi.org/10.3354/meps019193
 
Shan Xiujuan, Quan Hanfeng, Dou Shuozeng (2016): Morphological and histological changes in digestive tract development during starvation in the miiuy croaker. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 42, 529-546  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-015-0157-3
 
Souza V.L., Sipaubatavares L.H., Urbinati E.C. (2000): Types of feeding for pacu fish (Piaractus mesopotamicus), and optimum duration of residence in ponds. Ciência Animal Brasileira, 1, 115–121.
 
Thongprajukaew Karun, Rodjaroen Somrak (2017): Intermittent feeding induces compensatory growth of juvenile yellow mystus ( Hemibagrus nemurus ). Aquatic Living Resources, 30, 6-  https://doi.org/10.1051/alr/2017001
 
Tsikas Dimitrios (2017): Assessment of lipid peroxidation by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA) and relatives in biological samples: Analytical and biological challenges. Analytical Biochemistry, 524, 13-30  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ab.2016.10.021
 
Wang Y. (2001): Bioenergetics of hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × O. aureus) reared in seawater, in relation to compensatory growth. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 3, 115–119.
 
Wang Tobias, Hung Carrie C.Y., Randall David J. (2006): THE COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY OF FOOD DEPRIVATION: From Feast to Famine. Annual Review of Physiology, 68, 223-251  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.physiol.68.040104.105739
 
Wang H.F., Liu X., Xu Y.J. (2014): Effect of starvation and refeeding on growth and muscle composition of “Gansu golden trout” larvals. Journal of Gansu Agricultural University, 49, 37–42.
 
White C. R., Alton L. A., Frappell P. B. (2012): Metabolic cold adaptation in fishes occurs at the level of whole animal, mitochondria and enzyme. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279, 1740-1747  https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2011.2060
 
Zeng Ling-Qing, Li Feng-Jie, Li Xiu-Ming, Cao Zhen-Dong, Fu Shi-Jian, Zhang Yao-Guang (2012): The effects of starvation on digestive tract function and structure in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 162, 200-211  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2012.02.022
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti