Effect of freeze-dried pasture herbage on ileal digestibility of amino acids and fatty acids in chickens

https://doi.org/10.17221/114/2017-CJASCitation:Skřivan M. (2018): Effect of freeze-dried pasture herbage on ileal digestibility of amino acids and fatty acids in chickens. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 63: 222-229.
download PDF

The ileal digestibility of amino acids and fatty acids in young chickens fed control diet or experimental diets supplemented with freeze-dried pasture herbage at 20 or 40 g/kg was studied. Control diet contained wheat, maize, and soybean meal. Predominant species in the pasture herbage harvested in May were Lolium perenne, Festuca pratensis, and Trifolium pratense. Freeze-dried pasture herbage contained less protein (169 g/kg) and fat (24 g/kg) and more neutral detergent and acid detergent fibre (340 and 210 g/kg) and tannins (12.38 g/kg) than control diet. Concentrations of amino acids, except phenylalanine and threonine, were lower in pasture herbage than in control feed. In both the control feed and freeze-dried pasture herbage, unsaturated fatty acids occurred in higher proportions than saturated fatty acids. In freeze-dried pasture herbage linolenic acid was the main fatty acid. In chickens fed freeze-dried pasture herbage the ileal digestibility of amino acids and fatty acids decreased in a dose-dependent manner. Freeze-dried pasture herbage at 4% in diet had negative effect (P < 0.05) on the digestibility of amino acids and fatty acids in comparison with control diet. But there was no significant effect of 2% freeze-dried pasture herbage in diet on amino acids digestibility. This suggests that pasture herbage contains anti-nutritional factors that inhibit proteolysis and lipolysis. The effect of pasture herbage on digestibility was variable. In chickens fed diets containing 4% freeze-dried pasture herbage, apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids varied from 0.39 (cysteine) to 0.91 (methionine). Variability in the ileal digestibility of fatty acids was less pronounced (from 0.65 to 0.89).

References:
AOAC (2005): Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 18th Ed. AOAC International, Gaithersburg, USA.
 
Clarke E., Wiseman J. (2005): Effects of variability in trypsin inhibitor content of soya bean meals on true and apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids and pancreas size in broiler chicks. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 121, 125-138 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.02.012
 
Dus?kov� Dagmar, Marounek Milan, Br?ezina Pavel (2001): Determination of phytic acid in feeds and faeces of pigs and poultry by capillary isotachophoresis. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 81, 36-41 https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0010(20010101)81:1<36::AID-JSFA776>3.0.CO;2-A
 
Elgersma Anjo, Søegaard Karen, Jensen Søren Krogh (2013): Fatty Acids, α-Tocopherol, β-Carotene, and Lutein Contents in Forage Legumes, Forbs, and a Grass–Clover Mixture. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61, 11913-11920 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf403195v
 
FAO/IAEA (2000): Quantification of Tannins in Tree Foliage. Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Vienna, Austria.
 
Folch J., Lees M., Stanley G.H.S. (1957): A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 226, 497–509.
 
Garcia RG, Mendes AA, Sartori JR, Paz ICLA, Takahashi SE, Pelícia K, Komiyama CM, Quinteiro RR (2004): Digestibility of feeds containing sorghum, with and without tannin, for broiler chickens submitted to three room temperatures. Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola, 6, 55-60 https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-635X2004000100007
 
Grashorn M.A. (2010): Research into poultry meat quality. British Poultry Science, 51, 60-67 https://doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2010.506761
 
Homolka P., Koukolová V., Němec Z., Mudřík Z., Hučko B., Sales J. (2008): Amino acid contents and intestinal digestibility of lucerne in ruminants as influenced by growth stage. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 53, 499-505 https://doi.org/10.17221/367-CJAS
 
Jamroz D., Wiliczkiewicz A., Skorupińska J., Orda J., Kuryszko J., Tschirch H. (2009): Effect of sweet chestnut tannin (SCT) on the performance, microbial status of intestine and histological characteristics of intestine wall in chickens. British Poultry Science, 50, 687-699 https://doi.org/10.1080/00071660903191059
 
Loetscher Y., Kreuzer M., Messikommer R. E. (2014): Late laying hens deposit dietary antioxidants preferentially in the egg and not in the body. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 23, 647-660 https://doi.org/10.3382/japr.2014-00973
 
Mangan J. L. (1988): Nutritional Effects of Tannins in Animal Feeds. Nutrition Research Reviews, 1, 209- https://doi.org/10.1079/NRR19880015
 
Moughan Paul J., Schuttert Gerard (1991): Composition of Nitrogen-Containing Fractions in Digesta From the Distal Ileum of Pigs Fed a Protein-Free Diet. The Journal of Nutrition, 121, 1570-1574 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/121.10.1570
 
Mourao J. L., Pinheiro V. M., Prates J. A. M., Bessa R. J. B., Ferreira L. M. A., Fontes C. M. G. A., Ponte P. I. P. (2008): Effect of Dietary Dehydrated Pasture and Citrus Pulp on the Performance and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens. Poultry Science, 87, 733-743 https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2007-00411
 
Orlandi T., Kozloski G.V., Alves T.P., Mesquita F.R., Ávila S.C. (2015): Digestibility, ruminal fermentation and duodenal flux of amino acids in steers fed grass forage plus concentrate containing increasing levels of Acacia mearnsii tannin extract. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 210, 37-45 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2015.09.012
 
Piluzza G., Sulas L., Bullitta S. (2014): Tannins in forage plants and their role in animal husbandry and environmental sustainability: a review. Grass and Forage Science, 69, 32-48 https://doi.org/10.1111/gfs.12053
 
Ponte P. I. P., Rosado C. M. C., Crespo J. P., Crespo D. G., Mourao J. L., Chaveiro-Soares M. A., Bras J. L. A., Mendes I., Gama L. T., Prates J. A. M., Ferreira L. M. A., Fontes C. M. G. A. (2008): Pasture Intake Improves the Performance and Meat Sensory Attributes of Free-Range Broilers. Poultry Science, 87, 71-79 https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2007-00147
 
Raes Katleen, De Smet Stefaan, Balcaen An, Claeys Erik, Demeyer Daniel (2003): Effect of diets rich in N-3 polyunsatured fatty acidson muscle lipids and fatty acidsin Belgian Blue double-muscled young bulls. Reproduction Nutrition Development, 43, 331-345 https://doi.org/10.1051/rnd:2003029
 
Ravindran V., Hendriks W. H. (2004): Endogenous amino acid flows at the terminal ileum of broilers, layers and adult roosters. Animal Science, 79, 265-271 https://doi.org/10.1017/S1357729800090123
 
Short F.J., Gorton P., Wiseman J., Boorman K.N. (1996): Determination of titanium dioxide added as an inert marker in chicken digestibility studies. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 59, 215-221 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(95)00916-7
 
Skřivan M., Englmaierová M. (2014): The deposition of carotenoids and α-tocopherol in hen eggs produced under a combination of sequential feeding and grazing. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 190, 79-86 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2014.01.009
 
Skřivan M., Pickinpaugh S.H., Pavlů V., Skřivanová E., Englmaierová M. (2016): A mobile system for rearing meat chickens on pasture. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 60, 52-59 https://doi.org/10.17221/7974-CJAS
 
Skrivanova V., Tumova E., Englmaierova M., Chodova D., Skrivan M. (2017): Do rearing system and free-range stocking density affect meat quality of chickens fed feed mixture with rapeseed oil? Czech Journal of Animal Science, 62, 141–149.
 
Sun T., Long R.J., Liu Z.Y. (2013): The effect of a diet containing grasshoppers and access to free-range on carcase and meat physicochemical and sensory characteristics in broilers. British Poultry Science, 54, 130-137 https://doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2012.756575
 
Van Soest P.J., Robertson J.B., Lewis B.A. (1991): Methods for Dietary Fiber, Neutral Detergent Fiber, and Nonstarch Polysaccharides in Relation to Animal Nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74, 3583-3597 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2
 
Weenink R. O. (1961): Acetone-soluble lipids of grasses and other forage plants. I.–galactolipids of red clover (Trifolium pratense) leaves. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 12, 34-38 https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740120106
 
Wencelová M., Váradyová Z., Pristaš P., Čobanová K., Plachá I., Kišidayová S. (2016): Effects of diet supplementation with herbal blend and sunflower seeds on fermentation parameters, microbial population, and fatty acid profile in rumen of sheep. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 61, 551-559 https://doi.org/10.17221/17/2016-CJAS
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences