Effect of rectal temperature on efficiency of artificial insemination and embryo transfer technique in dairy cattle during hot season


Zubor T., Holló G., Pósa R., Nagy-Kiszlinger H., Vigh Z., Húth B. (2020): Effect of rectal temperature on efficiency of artificial insemination and embryo transfer technique in dairy cattle during hot season. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 65: 295–302.

download PDF

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of rectal temperature (RT) as well as artificial insemination (AI) technique on pregnancy rates in Holstein cows and artificial insemination or embryo transfer (ET) techniques in Holstein heifers during summer. The experiments were conducted on five dairy farms in Hungary, where 1 631 data were examined. The RT was measured immediately before reproductive techniques using a digital thermometer. The effects of animal group and month on RT were analysed. The enhancement of RT until September can be seen in heifers, but the highest RT of cows occurred during July. In line with the enhancement of RT the pregnancy rate decreased in all groups; the lowest (cows) and the highest (heifers) value was observed in July. Moderate to high negative coefficients of correlation were detected between rectal temperature and pregnancy rate for particular groups (r = −0.3 – −0.7). More than 92% of ET, 48% and 16% of inseminated heifers and cows were pregnant up to the category of 39.1 °C of RT, above this it did not change considerably in the inseminated groups. In inseminated animals with RT higher than 39.1 °C significantly higher services per conception could be observed contrary to ET heifers. ET may become a more effective strategy to improve pregnancy success in heifers compared to AI during summer.

Al-Katanani YM, Drost M, Monson RL, Rutledge JJ, Krininger III CE, Block J, Thatche WW, Hansen PJ. Pregnancy rates following timed embryo transfer with fresh or vitrified in vitro produced embryos in lactating dairy cows under heat stress conditions. Theriogenology. 2002 July 1;58(1):171-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0093-691X(02)00916-0
Ammer S, Lambertz C, Gauly M. Is reticular temperature a useful indicator of heat stress in dairy cattle? J Dairy Sci. 2016 Dec;99(12):10067-76. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11282
De Rensis F, Scaramuzzi RJ. Heat stress and seasonal effects on reproduction in the dairy cow – A review. Theriogenology. 2003 Oct 1;60(6):1139-51.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0093-691X(03)00126-2
De Rensis F, Lopez-Gatius F, Garcia-Ispierto I, Morini G, Scaramuzzi RJ. Causes of declining fertility in dairy cows during the warm season. Theriogenology. 2017 March 15;91(3):145-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.12.024
Demetrio DGB, Santos RM, Demetrio CGB, Vasconcelos JLM. Factors affecting conception rates following artificial insemination or embryo transfer in lactating cows. J Dairy Sci. 2007 Dec;90(12):5073-82.  https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0223
Ealy AD, Drost M, Hansen PJ. Developmental changes in embryonic resistance to adverse effects of maternal heat stress in cows. J Dairy Sci. 1993 Oct 1;76(10):2899-905. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(93)77629-8
Godyn D, Herbut P, Angrecka S. Measurements of peripheral and deep body temperature in cattle – A review. J Thermal Biol. 2019 Jan 1;79:(1):42-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2018.11.011
Hahn GL. Dynamic responses of cattle to thermal heat loads. J Anim Sci. 1999 Jan 1;77(E-Suppl_2):10-20. https://doi.org/10.2527/1997.77suppl_210x
Hansen PJ. Effects of heat stress on mammalian reproduction. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2009 Nov 27;364(1534):3341-50. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0131
Hegedusova Z, Holasek R, Slezakova R, Dufek M, Kubica A. Effect of environmental temperature on embryo production and conception rates in beef and dairy cattle. Reprod Fert Develop. 2009 Jan;21(1):170. https://doi.org/10.1071/RDv21n1Ab141
Hemsworth PH, Barnett JL, Beveridge L, Matthews LR. The welfare of extensively managed dairy cattle: A review. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 1995 Feb 1;42(3):161-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1591(94)00538-P
Kadzere CT, Murphy MR, Silanikove N, Maltz E. Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: A review. Livest Prod Sci. 2002 Oct 1;77(1):59-91.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(01)00330-X
Kou H, Zhao Y, Ren K, Chen X, Lu Y, Wang D. Automated measurement of cattle surface temperature and its correlation with rectal temperature. PLoS One. 2017 Apr 20;12(4):e0175377.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175377
Lees AM, Sejian V, Lees JC, Sullivan ML, Lisle AT, Gaughan JB. Evaluating rumen temperature as an estimate of core body temperature in Angus feedlot cattle during summer. Int J Biometeorol. 2019 Jul;63(7):939-47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-019-01706-0
Lopez-Gatius F, Santolaria P, Yaniz JL, Garbayo JM, Hunter RHF. Timing of early foetal loss for single and twin pregnancies in dairy cattle. Reprod Domest Anim. 2004 Dec;39(6):429-33. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0531.2004.00533.x
Mellado M, Sepulveda E, Macias-Cruz UL, Avendano JE, Garcia FG, Veliz RA. Effects of month of breeding on reproductive efficiency of Holstein cows and heifers inseminated with sex-sorted or conventional semen in a hot environment. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2014;46(1):265-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-013-0470-8
Nabenishi H, Ohta H, Nishimoto T, Morita T, Ashizawa K, Tsuzuki Y. Effect of the temperature-humidity index on body temperature and conception rate of lactating dairy cows in southwestern Japan. J Reprod Develop. 2011 Sep;57(4):450-6.  https://doi.org/10.1262/jrd.10-135T
Novotni-Danko G, Ronai A, Toth PP, Szabo D, Balogh P, Kovacs-Koncz N. Nyári meleg okozta hőstressz hatásának vizsgálata a tejelő szarvasmarha szaporodásbiológiai mutatóira [Examination of the effect of heat stress on reproduction performances of dairy cows]. Hung Vet J. 2017 Dec;39(12):717-27. Hungarian.
OMSZ – Országos Meteorológiai Szolgálat. Elmúlt évek időjárása [Internet]. Országos Meteorológiai Szolgálat [National Meteorological Service]. 2019 [cited Nov 10, 2019]. Accessed from www.met.hu/eghajlat/magyarorszag_eghajlata/eghajlati_visszatekinto/elmult_evek_idojarasa/.
Polsky LB, Madureira AML, Filho ELD, Soriano S, Sica AF, Vasconcelos JLM, Cerri RLA. Association between ambient temperature and humidity, vaginal temperature, and automatic activity monitoring on induced estrus in lactating cows. J Dairy Sci. 2017 Oct 1;100(10):8590-601. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-12656
Sakatani M. Effects of heat stress on bovine preimplantation embryos produced in vitro. J Reprod Develop. 2017 Aug;63(4):347-52. https://doi.org/10.1262/jrd.2017-045
Sartori R, Rosa GJ, Wiltbank MC. Ovarian structures and circulating steroids in heifers and lactating cows in summer and lactating and dry cows in winter. J Dairy Sci. 2002 Nov 1;85(11):2813-22. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74368-3
Smith BI, Donovan GA, Risco C, Littell R, Young C, Stanker LH, Elliott J. Comparison of various antibiotic treatments for cows diagnosed with toxic puerperal metritis. J Dairy Sci. 1998 Jun 1;81(6):1555-62. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(98)75721-2
Stewart BM, Block J, Morelli P, Navarett AE, Amstalden M, Bonilla L, Hansen PJ, Bilby TR. Efficiency of embryo transfer in lactating dairy cows during summer using fresh or vitrified embryos produced in vitro with sexsorted semen. J Dairy Sci. 2011 July 1;94(7):3437-45. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-4008
Stadnik L, Makarevich AV, Dolezalova M, Kubovicova E, Beran J, Hegedusova Z, Citek J, Holasek R, Stupka R. The yield and cell viability of bovine in vivo recovered embryos in relation to season of flushing. J Anim Feed Sci. 2014 Nov 27;23(4):309-16. https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/65666/2014
Suthar V, Burfeind O, Maeder B, Heuwieser W. Agreement between rectal and vaginal temperature measured with temperature loggers in dairy cows. J Dairy Res. 2013 May;80(2):240-5. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029913000071
Ulberg LC, Burfening PJ. Embryo death resulting from adverse environment on spermatozoa or ova. J Anim Sci. 1967 May 1;26(3):571-7. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1967.263571x
Vasconcelos JLM, Demetrio DGB, Santos RM, Chiari JR, Rodrigues CA, Sa Filho OG. Factors potentially affecting fertility of lactating dairy cow recipients. Theriogenology, 2006 Jan 7;65(1):192-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2005.09.030
Wenz JR, Moore DA, Kasimanickam R. Factors associated with the rectal temperature of Holstein dairy cows during the first 10 days in milk. J Dairy Sci. 2011 Apr;94(4):1864-72. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3924
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti