Evaluation of gestation length in Czech Holstein cattle

https://doi.org/10.17221/150/2020-CJASCitation:

Kašná E., Zavadilová L., Krupa E., Krupová Z., Kranjčevičová A. (2020): Evaluation of gestation length in Czech Holstein cattle. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 65: 473–481

download PDF

An objective of our study was to evaluate gestation length and its genetic variability in the Czech Holstein population. Data set consisted of 770 865 records of gestation length in 375 574 Holstein cows and covered the period from 2012 to 2018. Mean gestation length was 277 ± 4.9 days, and it was 1.4 days longer in male calves compared to females, and 1.1 days longer in cows compared to heifers. Animal repeatability model with maternal effect was employed for variance component estimation. The direct genetic effect explained the highest proportion of variability, and it corresponded with moderate direct heritability (0.48), while maternal heritability was much lower (0.06). We estimated conventional and genomic breeding values with the genomic matrix based on 39 145 single nucleotide polymorphisms in 13 844 animals. Genomic breeding values were weakly (< 0.25) but significantly correlated with breeding values for type, production and fitness traits. Pearson correlations between breeding values indicated a negative association of direct gestation length with milk production, longevity and fertility of bulls, and a positive association of maternal gestation length with most of the type traits related to the body composition. Genetic trends for male and female parts of the population showed a tendency to the shortening of gestation, which should be of concern, as short gestation could be reflected in a negative indirect response in other correlated traits, such as the incidence of stillbirth, the health status of cows after calving, culling, or conception rate.

References:
Aguilar I, Misztal I, Johnson DL, Legarra A, Tsuruta S, Lawlor TJ. Hot topic: A unified approach to utilize phenotypic, full pedigree, and genomic information for genetic evaluation of Holstein final score. J Dairy Sci. 2010 Feb; 93(2):743-52. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2009-2730
 
Christensen OF, Lund MS. Genomic prediction when some animals are not genotyped. Genet Sel Evol. 2010 Jan 27;42(1): [8 p.]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1297-9686-42-2
 
Davis SR. Triennial lactation symposium/BOLFA: Mammary growth during pregnancy and lactation and its relationship with milk yield. J Anim Sci. 2017 Dec;95(12):5675-88. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas2017.1733
 
Eaglen SAE, Coffey MP, Wooliams JA, Wall E. Direct and maternal genetic relationship between calving ease, gestation length, milk production, fertility, type, and lifespan of Holstein-Friesian primiparous cows. J Dairy Sci. 2013 Jun;96(6):4015-25. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-6229
 
Fang L, Jiang J, Li B, Yhou Y, Freebern E, Vanraden PM, Cole JB, Liu GE, Ma L. Genetic and epigenetic architecture of paternal origin contribute to gestation length in cattle. Commun Bio. 2019 Mar 14;2(1): [11 p.]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-019-0341-6
 
Haile-Mariam M, Pryce JE. Genetic evaluation of gestation length and its use in managing calving patterns. J Dairy Sci. 2019 Jan;102(1):476-87. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-14981
 
Hansen M, Lund MS, Pedersen J, Christensen LG. Gestation length in Danish Holsteins has weak genetic association with stillbirth, calving difficulty, and calf size. Liv Prod Sci. 2004 Dec 1;91(1-2):23-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livprodsci.2004.06.007
 
Jamrozik J, Fatehi J, Kistemaker GJ, Schaeffer LR. Estimates of genetic parameters for Canadian Holstein female reproduction. J Dairy Sci. 2005 Jun;88(6):2199-208. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)72895-2
 
Johanson JM, Berger PJ, Tsuruta S, Misztal I. A Bayesian threshold-linear model evaluation of perinatal mortality, dystocia, birth weight, and gestation length in a Holstein herd. 2011 Jan;94(1):450-60. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2009-2992
 
Legarra A, Aguilar I, Misztal I. A relationship matrix including full pedigree and genomic information. J Dairy Sci. 2009 Sep;92(9):4656-63. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2009-2061
 
Misztal I, Tsuruta S, Aguilar I, Legarra A, VanRaden PM, Lawlor TJ. Methods to approximate reliabilities in single-step genomic evaluation. J Dairy Sci. 2013 Jan;96(1):647-54. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-5656
 
Misztal I, Tsuruta S, Lourenco DAL, Masuda Y, Aguilar I, Legarra A, Vitezica Z. Manual for BLUPF90 family programs. Athens: University of Georgia; 2018 May 3. 142 p.
 
Nienartowicz-Zdrojewska A, Sobek Z, Rozanska-Zawieja J. Evaluation of gestation length and birth weight of offspring of Polish native cattle breeds in context of estimating genetic parameters. Czech J Anim Sci. 2018 Aug;63(8):323-30. https://doi.org/10.17221/65/2018-CJAS
 
Norman HD, Wright JR, Kuhn MT, Hubbard SM, Cole JB, VanRaden PM. Genetic and environmental factors that affect gestation length in dairy cattle. J Dairy Sci. 2009 May;92(5):2259-69. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0982
 
Norman HD, Wright JR, Miller RH. Potential consequences of selection to change gestation length on performance of Holstein cows. J Dairy Sci. 2011 Feb;94(2):1005-10. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3732
 
Song H, Zhang J, Zhang Q, Ding X. Using different single-step strategies to improve the efficiency of genomic prediction on body measurement traits in pig. Front Genet. 2019 Jan 14;9: [10 p.]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2018.00730
 
Tao S, Dahl GE. Invited review: Heat stress effects during late gestation on dry cows and their calves. J Dairy Sci. 2013 Jul;96(7):4079-93. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-6278
 
Tomasek R, Rezac P, Havlicek Z. Environmental and animal factors associated with gestation length in Holstein cows and heifers in two herds in the Czech Republic. Theriogenology. 2017 Jan 1;87:100-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.08.009
 
Vieira-Neto A, Galvao KN, Thatcher WW, Santos JEP. Association among gestation length and health, production and reproduction in Holstein cows and implications for their offspring. J Dairy Sci. 2017 Apr;100(4):3166-81. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11867
 
Wall E, White IMS, Coffey MP, Brotherstone S. The relationship between fertility, rump angle, and selected type information in Holstein-Friesian cows. J Dairy Sci. 2005 Apr;88(4):1521-8. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)72821-6
 
Wright JR, VanRaden PM. Genetic evaluation of gestation length as a trait of the service sire [abstract]. J Dairy Sci. 2017 Jun 24;100(2 Suppl):42. Abstract no. M100.
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti