Screening of backfat thickness and musculus longissimus lumborum et thoracis depth of Aberdeen Angus cattle in Czech condition

Ducháček J., Gašparík M., Ptáček M., Stádník L. (2021): Screening of backfat thickness and musculus longissimus lumborum et thoracis depth of Aberdeen Angus cattle in Czech conditions. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 66: 137–148

download PDF

The aim of this study was to monitor the Czech Aberdeen Angus population for backfat thickness (BT), musculus longissimus lumborum et thoracis (MUSCLE) and live weight (LW) in relation to environmental and genetic conditions. In this study, we also wanted to display the potential for future inclusion of these parameters into national monitoring. Parameters of BT, MUSCLE and LW were measured at 120, 210, and 365 days of age in 769 Aberdeen Angus calves (417 bulls and 352 heifers) on seven farms. Statistical evaluation was performed in the SAS v9.3 software. The bulls achieved significantly higher (P < 0.01) weights and larger MUSCLE compared to the heifers, although the heifers had higher BT. The age of the dam at calving significantly influenced the growth ability of tested calves, but it did not influence BT nor MUSCLE. The nested effect of the year-season, farm and sire bulls (or genetic background) significantly affected LW, BT and MUSCLE of tested calves. The use of the same breeding bulls on different farms resulted in significant differences in growth parameters. Our results displayed the potential of nationwide monitoring of MUSCLE and BT of beef breeds, as official parameters of the beef performance testing in the Czech Republic. The inclusion of these globally used traits in the Czech breeding system would allow to predict breeding values for the Czech beef population. This would lead not only to general improvement of MUSCLE in the population, but also to the production of better breeding animals and slaughter animals with higher value.

Barton L, Rehak D, Teslik V, Bures D, Zahradkova R. Effect of breed on growth performance and carcass composition of Aberdeen Angus, Charolais, Hereford and Simmental bulls. Czech J Anim Sci. 2006 Feb 1;51(2):47-53.
Bouquet A, Fouilloux MN, Renand G, Phocas F. Genetic parameters for growth, muscularity, feed efficiency and carcass traits of young beef bulls. Livest Sci. 2010 Apr 1;129(1-3):38-48.
Breedplan [Internet]. Amidale (Australia): Agricultural Business Research Institute. [2020]- [cited 2020 Aug 28]. Available from:
Bures D, Barton L. Growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of bulls and heifers slaughtered at different ages. Czech J Anim Sci. 2012 Jan 1;57(1):34-43.
Cortes-Lacruz X, Casasus I, Revilla R, Sanz A, Blanco M, Villalba D. The milk yield of dams and its relation to direct and maternal genetic components of weaning weight in beef cattle. Livest Sci. 2017 Aug 1;202:143-9.
Duff C, van der Werf JHJ, Parnell PF, Clark SA. Comparison of two live-animal ultrasound systems to predict carcass intramuscular fat and marbling in Australian Angus cattle. In: Proceedings of the 11th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production. Auckland (New Zealand): Massey University; 2018. 4 p.
Emenheiser JC, Tait RG Jr, Shackelford SD, Kuehn LA, Wheeler TL, Notter DR, Lewis RM. Use of ultrasound scanning and body condition score to evaluate composition traits in mature beef cows. J Anim Sci. 2014 Sep 1;92(9):3868-77.
Greiner SP, Rouse GH, Wilson DE, Cundiff LV, Wheeler TL. The relationship between ultrasound measurements and carcass fat thickness and longissimus muscle area in beef cattle. J Anim Sci. 2003 Mar 1;81(3):676-82.
Hassen A, Wilson DE, Rouse GH, Tait RG Jr. Partitioning variances of growth in ultrasound longissimus muscle area measures in Angus bulls and heifers. J Anim Sci. 2004 May 1;82(5):1272-9.
Hocquette JF, Van Wezemael L, Chriki S, Legrand I, Verbeke W, Farmer L, Scollan ND, Polkinghorne R, Rodbotten R, Allen P, Pethick DW. Modelling of beef sensory quality for a better prediction of palatability. Meat Sci. 2014 Jul 1;97(3):316-22.
Kause A, Odegard J. The genetic analysis of tolerance to infections: A review. Front Genet. 2012 Dec 14;3: 9 p.
Krupova Z, Krupa E, Wolfova M. Economic weights of current and new breeding objective traits in Aberdeen Angus. Czech J Anim Sci. 2020 Mar 31;65(3):77-85.
Lopes FB, da Silva MC, Magnabosco CU, Narciso MG, Sainz RD. Selection indices and multivariate analysis show similar results in the evaluation of growth and carcass traits in beef cattle. PloS One. 2016 Jan 20;11(1): 21 p.
Mazzucco JP, Goszczynski DE, Ripoli MV, Melucci LM, Pardo AM, Colatto E, Rogberg-Munoz A, Mezzadra CA, Depetris GJ, Giovambattista G, Villarreal EL. Growth, carcass and meat quality traits in beef from Angus, Hereford and cross-breed grazing steers, and their association with SNPs in genes related to fat deposition metabolism. Meat Sci. 2016 Apr 1;114:121-9.
McGilchrist P, Greenwood PL, Pethick DW, Gardner GE. Selection for increased muscling in Angus cattle did not increase the glycolytic potential or negatively impact pH decline, retail colour stability or mineral content. Meat Sci. 2016 Apr 1;114:8-17.
Meyer DL, Kerley MS, Walker EL, Keisler DH, Pierce VL, Schmidt TB, Stahl CA, Linville ML, Berg EP. Growth rate, body composition, and meat tenderness in early vs. traditionally weaned beef calves. J Anim Sci. 2005 Dec 1;83(12):2752-61.
Moravcikova N, Kasarda R, Vostry L, Krupova Z, Krupa E, Lehocka K, Olsanska P, Trakovicka A, Nadasky R, Zidek R, Belej L, Golian J. Analysis of selection signatures in the beef cattle genome. Czech J Anim Sci. 2019 Dec 22;64(12):491-503.
Nogalski Z, Pogorzelska-Przybylek P, Bialobrzewski I, Modzelewska-Kapitula M, Sobczuk-Szul M, Purwin C. Estimation of the intramuscular fat content of m. longissimus thoracis in crossbred beef cattle based on live animal measurements. Meat Sci. 2017 Mar 1;125:121-7.
Pinheiro TR, Mercadante MEZ, Albuquerque LG, Cyrillo JNSG, Branco RH. Phenotypic and genetic parameters compared during repeated measures of longissimus muscle area and subcutaneous fat thickness in Nelore cattle. Genet Mol Res. 2011 Nov 29;10(4):2944-52.
Pires BC, Tholon P, Buzanskas ME, Sbardella AP, Rosa JO, da Silva LOC, de Almeida Torres RA Jr, Munari DP, de Alencar MM. Genetic analyses on bodyweight, reproductive, and carcass traits in composite beef cattle. Anim Prod Sci. 2017 Feb 24;57(3):415-21.
Ptacek M, Duchacek J, Schmidova J, Stadnik L. Response to selection of a breeding program for Suffolk sheep in the Czech Republic. Czech J Anim Sci. 2018 Jul 29;63(8):305-12.
Sri Rachma Aprilita Bugiwati TD, Harada H, Fukuhara R. Effects of genetic and environmental factors on ultrasonic estimates of carcass traits of Japanese Brown cows. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci. 1999 Jun 1;12(4):506-10.
Stadnik L, Dvorakova J, Louda F. The intensity of MLLT area changes and development of the selected body parts muscling in bulls and heifers of Blonde d’Aquitaine cattle and its crossbreeds during rearing period. Iran J Appl Anim Sci. 2011 Sep 1;1(3):155-60.
Tait RG Jr. Ultrasound use for body composition and carcass quality assessment in cattle and lambs. Vet Clin Food Anim Pract. 2016 Mar 1;32(1):207-18.
Taylor RF, McGee M, Kelly AK, Grant J, Crosson P. A comparison of production systems and identification of profit drivers for Irish suckler beef farms. Int J Agric Manag. 2018 Jan 1;6(3-4):100-10.
Tousova R, Duchacek J, Gasparik M, Ptacek M, Kitzler L. Analysis of growth intensity and carcass characteristics of WagyuAberdeen Angus crossbred steers. Acta Univ Agric Silvic Mendelianae Brun. 2018 Aug 31;66(4):897-903.
Venot E, Fouilloux MN, Forabosco F, Fogh A, Pabiou T, Moore K, Eriksson JA, Renand G, Laloe D. Beef without borders: Genetic parameters for Charolais and Limousine interbeef genetic evaluation of weaning weights. Interbull Bulletin. 2009;40:55-60.
Weber KL, Thallman RM, Keele JW, Snelling WM, Bennett GL, Smith TPL, McDaneld TG, Allan MF, Van Eenennaam AL, Kuehn LA. Accuracy of genomic breeding values in multibreed beef cattle populations derived from deregressed breeding values and phenotypes. J Anim Sci. 2012 Dec 1;90(12):4177-90.
Yokoo MJ, Albuquerque LG, Lobo RB, Bezerra LAF, Araujo FRC, Silva JAV, Sainz RD. Genetic and environmental factors affecting ultrasound measures of longissimus muscle area and backfat thickness in Nelore cattle. Livest Sci. 2008 Sep 1;117(2-3):147-54.
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti