Effect of dietary lupin (Lupinus albus) on the gastrointestinal microbiota composition in broiler chickens and ducks

https://doi.org/10.17221/42/2017-CJASCitation:Geigerová M., Švejstil R., Skřivanová E., Straková E., Suchý P. (2017): Effect of dietary lupin (Lupinus albus) on the gastrointestinal microbiota composition in broiler chickens and ducks. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 62: 369-376.
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The purpose of the study was to evaluate the amount of raffinose-series oligosaccharides (RSO) in soybean meal (SBM), whole white lupin seed meal (WLM), sunflower meal (SFM), and rapeseed oil meal (ROM) and to determine whether partial or complete dietary WLM replacement affected the numbers of bacteria in selected groups in the microbiota of broiler chickens and ducks without inducing any weight loss. Total counts of anaerobes, lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, and Escherichia coli in caecal samples from both ducks and broiler chickens, as well as in a crop chyme, in broiler chickens, were determined. Live weights before slaughter were determined. Both broiler chickens and ducks were fed a control diet with SBM (L0) or diet containing 50% or 100% WLM as a substitute for SBM (groups L50 and L100, respectively). In comparison with SBM, WLM contained significantly higher amounts of RSO, and the amounts of oligosaccharides in SFM (1.73 ± 0.26 g/100 g) and ROM (1.79 ± 0.14 g/100 g) were negligible compared to those in WLM (8.26 ± 0.14 g/100 g) and SBM (6.96 ± 0.21 g/100 g). The inclusion of lupin in chicken diets did not significantly affect the monitored bacterial groups in crop chyme, but a complete replacement of SBM with WLM (L100 group) in chicken diets significantly (P ≤ 0.05) increased the counts of lactobacilli in caecal samples. Partial (L50 group) and complete (L100 group) lupin supplementation in the duck diet significantly (P ≤ 0.05) increased counts of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria by at least one order of magnitude. E. coli counts in poultry were not affected by changes in diet. The results of our study indicate that partial dietary replacement of SBM with WLM did not significantly affect the live weight of broiler chickens and ducks, but that complete replacement of SBM with WLM may lead to weight loss.
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