Impact of different dietary fibre levels on the roughage resistance of the Dahe black pig

Wang Y., Liu C.Y., Zhu J.J., Li E.Z., Wang M.C., Shen Z.C., Yang X.F., Lv G.J., Guo R.F. (2022): Impact of different dietary fibre levels on the roughage resistance of the Dahe black pig. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 67: 394–406.

download PDF

To investigate the effects and molecular mechanism of different levels of dietary fibre (Chinese milk vetch) on Dahe black and Duroc × (Landrace × Yorkshire) (DLY) pigs, 54 of each type of pig were selected and fed diets that contained 3.5%, 5.5% and 7.5% levels of fibre in the growing (30–60 kg) and fattening stages (60–120 kg). The production performance, serum physicochemical indices, nutrient digestibility, the amylase activity in the small intestine, contents of the muscle crude protein and ether extract, and the levels of transcription of the PRKAG3 and Fsp27 genes were determined. The production performance of the Dahe black pigs with a 5.5% level of dietary fibre was significantly higher than those with dietary fibre levels of 3.5% and 7.5%. A diet high in fibre also significantly affected the production performance of the DLY pigs. The apparent digestibility of the nutrients decreased with an increase in the dietary fibre level, and the Dahe black pigs appeared to more effectively digest the dietary fibre than the DLY pigs. The serum physicochemical indices, amylase activity, and the expression levels of the PRKAG3 and Fsp27 genes from the Dahe black pigs were significantly higher than those of the DLY pigs, and the intramuscular fat content of the Dahe black pigs fed a high fibre diet was significantly higher than that of the DLY pigs. The dietary fibre levels of 5.5% and 7.5% did not affect the production performance of the Dahe black pigs during the 30–120 kg period, but they significantly reduced the production performance of the DLY pigs. The Dahe black pigs were evidently tolerant to high amounts of fibre when fed a high fibre diet.

Chen J, Zhao Q, Wang L, Zha S, Zhang L, Zhao B. Physicochemical and functional properties of dietary fiber from maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.) liquor residue. Carbohydr Polym. 2015 Nov 5;132:509-12.
Han P, Li P, Zhou W, Fan L, Wang B, Liu H, Gao C, Du T, Pu G, Wu C, Zhang Z, Niu P, Huang R, Li H. Effects of various levels of dietary fiber on carcass traits, meat quality and myosin heavy chain I, IIa, IIx and IIb expression in muscles in Erhualian and Large White pigs. Meat Sci. 2020 Nov 1;169: 108160.
Hedemann MS, Eskildsen M, Laerke HN, Pedersen C, Lindberg JE, Laurinen P, Knudsen KE. Intestinal morphology and enzymatic activity in newly weaned pigs fed contrasting fiber concentrations and fiber properties. J Anim Sci. 2006 Jun;84(6):1375-86.
Hermes RG, Molist F, Ywazaki M, Nofrarias M, Gomez de Segura A, Gasa J, Perez JF. Effect of dietary level of protein and fiber on the productive performance and health status of piglets. J Anim Sci. 2009 Nov;87(11):3569-77.
Johansen HN, Knudsen KE. Effects of reducing the starch content in oat-based diets with cellulose on jejunal flow and absorption of glucose over an isolated loop of jejunum in pigs. Br J Nutr. 1994 Nov;72(5):717-29.
Kim EK, Oh TJ, Kim LK, Cho YM. Improving effect of the acute administration of dietary fiber-enriched cereals on blood glucose levels and gut hormone secretion. J Korean Med Sci. 2016 Feb;31(2):222-30.
NRC – National Research Council. Nutrient requirements of swine. 11th rev. ed. Washington, DC, USA: National Academies Press; 2012. 420 p.
Price AM, Doner NM, Gidda SK, Jambunathan S, James CN, Schami A, Yurchenko O, Mullen RT, Dyer JM, Puri V, Chapman KD. Mouse Fat-Specific Protein 27 (FSP27) expressed in plant cells localizes to lipid droplets and promotes lipid droplet accumulation and fusion. Biochimie. 2020 Feb 1;169:41-53.
Rist VT, Weiss E, Sauer N, Mosenthin R, Eklund M. Effect of dietary protein supply originating from soybean meal or casein on the intestinal microbiota of piglets. Anaerobe. 2014 Feb;25:72-9.
Roth-Maier DA, Machmuller A, Kreuzer M, Kirchgessner M. Effects of pectin supplementation on the digestion of different structural carbohydrate fractions and on bacterial nitrogen turnover in the hindgut of adult sows. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 1993 Jul;42(3-4):177-91.
Shi Y, Li X, Huang A. A metabolomics-based approach investigates volatile flavor formation and characteristic compounds of the Dahe black pig dry-cured ham. Meat Sci. 2019 Dec;158: 107904.
Taghipoor M, Barles G, Georgelin C, Licois JR, Lescoat P. Digestion modeling in the small intestine: Impact of dietary fiber. Math Biosci. 2014 Dec 1;258:101-12.
Uimari P, Sironen A. A combination of two variants in PRKAG3 is needed for a positive effect on meat quality in pigs. BMC Genet. 2014 Feb 28;15(1): 9 p.
Urriola PE, Stein HH. Effects of distillers dried grains with solubles on amino acid, energy, and fiber digestibility and on hindgut fermentation of dietary fiber in a corn-soybean meal diet fed to growing pigs. J Anim Sci. 2010 Apr;88(4):1454-62.
Vahouny GV, Cassidy MM. Dietary fibers and absorption of nutrients. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1985 Dec;180(3):432-46.
Von Heimendahl E, Breves G, Abel HJ. Fiber-related digestive processes in three different breeds of pigs. J Anim Sci. 2010 Mar;88(3):972-81.
Weng KP, Yuh YS, Huang SH, Hsiao HC, Wu HW, Chien JH, Chen BH, Huang SM, Chien KJ, Ger LP. PRKAG3 polymorphisms associated with sporadic Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome among a Taiwanese population. J Chin Med Assoc. 2016 Dec;79(12):656-60.
Wilfart A, Montagne L, Simmins PH, van Milgen J, Noblet J. Sites of nutrient digestion in growing pigs: Effect of dietary fiber. J Anim Sci. 2007 Apr;85(4):976-83.
Xu L, Xia X, Arshad M, Zhou L. Gene expression profile in the fat tissue of Fsp27 deficient mice. Genom Data. 2015 Jul 11;5:326-8.
Xu Y, Curtasu MV, Bendiks Z, Marco ML, Norskov NP, Knudsen KE, Hedemann MS, Laerke HN. Effects of dietary fibre and protein content on intestinal fibre degradation, short-chain fatty acid and microbiota composition in a high-fat fructose-rich diet induced obese Gottingen Minipig model. Food Funct. 2020 Nov 24;11(12):10758-73.
Yang G, Zhou H, Wang R, Hickford J. Variation in the ovine PRKAG3 gene. Gene. 2015 Aug 10;567(2):251-4.
Zhang S, Deng Y, Fu S, Xu M, Zhu P, Liang Y, Yin H, Jiang L, Bai L, Liu X, Jiang H, Liu H. Reduction mechanism of Cd accumulation in rice grain by Chinese milk vetch residue: Insight into microbial community. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020 Oct 1;202: 110908.
Zhao J, Bai Y, Zhang G, Liu L, Lai C. Relationship between dietary fiber fermentation and volatile fatty acids’ concentration in growing pigs. Animals. 2020 Feb 7;10(2): 14 p.
Zhong C, Liu Y, Xu X, Yang B, Aamer M, Zhang P, Huang G. Paddy-upland rotation with Chinese milk vetch incorporation reduced the global warming potential and greenhouse gas emissions intensity of double rice cropping system. Environ Pollut. 2021 May 1;276: 116696.
Zhou Q, Wang LC, Xing Y, Ma SM, Zhang XD, Chen J, Shi C. Effects of Chinese milk vetch intercropped with rape under straw mulching on soil aggregate and organic carbon character. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2019 Apr;30(4):1235-42.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti