Eggshell characteristics and cuticle deposition in three laying hen genotypes housed in enriched cages and on litter

https://doi.org/10.17221/75/2017-CJASCitation:Ketta M., Tumova E. (2018): Eggshell characteristics and cuticle deposition in three laying hen genotypes housed in enriched cages and on litter. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 63: 11-16.
download PDF

The objective of the present study was to compare the eggshell characteristics and cuticle deposition of Lohmann Brown, Hy-Line Silver Brown, and Isa Brown layers kept in two different housing systems. The three laying hen genotypes were housed in enriched cages (100 hens, 750 cm2/hen, 10 hens/cage) and in littered pens (100 hens, 9 hens/m2, 10 hens/pen). The experiment was carried out in weeks 40–56 of hens age. Non-significant interactions of genotype and housing system for eggshell quality parameters and cuticle deposition were detected in this study. Egg weight was significantly affected by genotype (P ≤ 0.001) and housing system (P ≤ 0.043). The heaviest eggs were laid by Lohmann Brown, while the lightest eggs were produced by Hy-Line Silver Brown. Eggshell strength was not affected by genotype and housing system, however, genotype had a significant effect on eggshell thickness (P ≤ 0.033). Isa Brown eggs had thicker eggshells compared to Lohmann Brown and Hy-Line Silver Brown. However, a non-significant effect of housing system on eggshell thickness was observed. Eggshell percentage was significantly affected by both genotype and housing system. Genotype of laying hens had a significant effect on cuticle deposition; significantly higher cuticle deposition was observed in Lohmann Brown eggs (P ≤ 0.001). It could be concluded that genotype had a significant effect on eggshell quality parameters and cuticle deposition. However, the housing system effect was less important in these characteristics.

References:
. K.E. Anderson, . J.B. Tharrington, . P.A. Curtis, . F.T. Jones (2004): Shell Characteristics of Eggs from Historic Strains of Single Comb White Leghorn Chickens and the Relationship of Egg Shape to Shell Strength. International Journal of Poultry Science, 3, 17-19  https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2004.17.19
 
Basmacioglu H., Ergul M. (2005): Research on the factors affecting cholesterol content and some other characteristics of eggs in laying hens. The effect of genotype and rearing system. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science, 29, 157–164.
 
De Reu K., Grijspeerdt K., Messens W., Heyndrickx M., Uyttendaele M., Debevere J., Herman L. (2006): Eggshell factors influencing eggshell penetration and whole egg contamination by different bacteria, including Salmonella enteritidis. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 112, 253-260  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2006.04.011
 
Englmaierova M., Tumova E., Charvatova V., Skrivan M. (2014): Effects of laying hens housing system on laying performance, egg quality characteristics, and egg microbial contamination. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 59, 345–352.
 
Englmaierová M., Skřivan M., Skřivanová E., Bubancová I., Čermák L., Vlčková J. (2016): Effects of a low-phosphorus diet and exogenous phytase on performance, egg quality, and bacterial colonisation and digestibility of minerals in the digestive tract of laying hens. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 60, 542-549  https://doi.org/10.17221/8596-CJAS
 
Gautron J., Hincke M.T., Nys Y. (2014): Composition and bio-mineralization of the eggshell. In: Proc. 14th European Poultry Conference, Stavanger, Norway, 271–286.
 
Holt P. S., Davies R. H., Dewulf J., Gast R. K., Huwe J. K., Jones D. R., Waltman D., Willian K. R. (2010): The impact of different housing systems on egg safety and quality. Poultry Science, 90, 251-262  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2010-00794
 
Ketta M., Tůmová E. (2016): Eggshell structure, measurements, and quality-affecting factors in laying hens: a review. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 61, 299-309  https://doi.org/10.17221/46/2015-CJAS
 
Ketta Mohamed, Tůmová Eva (2017): Relationship between eggshell thickness and other eggshell measurements in eggs from litter and cages. Italian Journal of Animal Science, , 1-6  https://doi.org/10.1080/1828051X.2017.1344935
 
Kibala Lucyna, Rozempolska-Rucinska Iwona, Kasperek Kornel, Zieba Grzegorz, Lukaszewicz Marek (2015): Ultrasonic eggshell thickness measurement for selection of layers. Poultry Science, 94, 2360-2363  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pev254
 
Kusuda Satoshi, Iwasawa Atsushi, Doi Osamu, Ohya Yutaka, Yoshizaki Norio (2011): Diversity of the Cuticle Layer of Avian Eggshells. The Journal of Poultry Science, 48, 119-124  https://doi.org/10.2141/jpsa.010103
 
Ledvinka Z., Tumova E., Englmaierova M., Podsednicek M. (2012): Egg quality of three laying hen genotypes kept in conventional cages and on litter. Archiv für Geflugelkunde, 76, 38–43.
 
LELEU S., MESSENS W., DE REU K., DE PRETER S., HERMAN L., HEYNDRICKX M., DE BAERDEMAEKER J., MICHIELS C. W., BAIN M. (2011): Effect of Egg Washing on the Cuticle Quality of Brown and White Table Eggs. Journal of Food Protection, 74, 1649-1654  https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-013
 
Lichovnikova M., Zeman L. (2008): Effect of housing system on the calcium requirements of laying hens and eggshell quality. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 53, 162–168.
 
Nys Yves, Gautron Joël, Garcia-Ruiz Juan M., Hincke Maxwell T. (2004): Avian eggshell mineralization: biochemical and functional characterization of matrix proteins. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 3, 549-562  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crpv.2004.08.002
 
Pistekova V., Hovorka M., Vecerek V., Strakova E., Suchy P. (2006): The quality comparison of eggs laid by laying hens kept in battery cages and in a deep litter system. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 5, 318–325.
 
Roberts J. R., Chousalkar Kapil, Samiullah (2013): Egg quality and age of laying hens: implications for product safety. Animal Production Science, , -  https://doi.org/10.1071/AN12345
 
SAMIULLAH S., ROBERTS J.R. (2014): The eggshell cuticle of the laying hen. World's Poultry Science Journal, 70, 693-708  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933914000786
 
Singh R., Cheng K. M., Silversides F. G. (2009): Production performance and egg quality of four strains of laying hens kept in conventional cages and floor pens. Poultry Science, 88, 256-264  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2008-00237
 
Skrivan M., Englmaierova M., Skrivanova E., Bubancova I. (2015): Increase in lutein and zeaxanthin content in the eggs of hens fed marigold flower extract. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 60, 89–96.
 
Tatara Marcin R., Charuta Anna, Krupski Witold, Łuszczewska-Sierakowska Iwona, Korwin-Kossakowska Agnieszka, Sartowska Katarzyna, Szpetnar Maria, Horbańczuk Jarosław O. (2015): Interrelationships between Morphological, Densitometric and Mechanical Properties of Eggs in Japanese Quails (<i>Coturnix Japonica</i>). The Journal of Poultry Science, 53, 51-57  https://doi.org/10.2141/jpsa.0150061
 
THOMPSON B. K., HAMILTON R. M. G., GRUNDER A. A. (1985): The Relationship Between Laboratory Measures of Egg Shell Quality and Breakage in Commercial Egg Washing and Candling Equipment,. Poultry Science, 64, 901-909  https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0640901
 
Tumova E., Ebeid T. (2005): Effect of time of oviposition on egg quality characteristics in cages and in a litter housing system. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 50, 129–134.
 
Tumova E., Zita L., Hubeny M., Skrivan M., Ledvinka Z. (2007): The effect of oviposition time and genotype on egg quality characteristics in egg type hens. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 52, 26–30.
 
Tumova E., Englmaierova M., Ledvinka Z., Charvatova V. (2011): Interaction between housing system and genotype in relation to internal and external egg quality parameters. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 56, 490–498.
 
Tumova E., Vlckova J., Charvatova V., Drabek O., Tej-necky V., Ketta M., Chodova D. (2016): Interactions of genotype, housing and dietary calcium in layer performance, eggshell quality and tibia characteristics. South African Journal of Animal Science, 46, 285–293.
 
Brand H. Van Den, Parmentier H. K., Kemp B. (2004): Effects of housing system (outdoor vs cages) and age of laying hens on egg characteristics. British Poultry Science, 45, 745-752  https://doi.org/10.1080/00071660400014283
 
Zita Lukáš, Tůmová Eva, Štolc Ladislav (2009): Effects of Genotype, Age and Their Interaction on Egg Quality in Brown-Egg Laying Hens. Acta Veterinaria Brno, 78, 85-91  https://doi.org/10.2754/avb200978010085
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti