Prenatal effects of red and blue light on physiological and behavioural parameters of broiler chickens

Drozdová A., Kaňková Z., Bilčík B., Zeman M. (2021): Prenatal effects of red and blue light on physiological and behavioural parameters of broiler chickens. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 66 (2021): 412-419

download PDF

Light during incubation can influence embryonic and postembryonic development of chickens, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Previous studies have demonstrated that red and blue lights during incubation had opposite effects on the development of embryonic melatonin biosynthesis; red light results in the highest and blue light in the lowest amplitude of the daily rhythm. Therefore, in this study, we investigated if exposure to monochromatic red (632 nm) and blue (463 nm) light during incubation can differently influence growth, selected biochemical (glucose, cholesterol, triacylglycerols) and endocrine (corticosterone and thyroid hormones) traits and behavioural parameters during postembryonic development in broiler chickens. For analysis, we used 10 and 11 hatchlings incubated in red and blue light, respectively and 10 birds per each group (six males and four females) in 3-weeks-old broilers. During the rapid growth phase (days 18, 20 and 21 of age), higher body weight was recorded in broilers incubated under red compared to blue light, whereas endocrine and metabolic traits did not differ between the treatments. The improved growth rate was related to behavioural traits, mainly because chickens incubated in red light exhibited more passive (resting, standing, preening, dust bathing) and less active behaviours (walking, foraging, fighting, wing-flapping) than the blue-light incubated birds. The time spent for eating and drinking and the results of the tonic immobility test did not differ between both groups. Our results suggest that red and blue monochromatic light during incubation can differently program the postembryonic development of broilers, with possible consequences for their growth and welfare.

Archer GS. Exposing broiler eggs to green, red and white light during incubation. Animal. 2017 Jul;11(7):1203-9.
Archer GS, Mench JA. Natural incubation patterns and the effects of exposing eggs to light at various times during incubation on post-hatch fear and stress responses in broiler (meat) chickens. Appl Anim Behav Sci. 2014 Mar 1;152:44-51.
Archer GS, Shivaprasad HL, Mench JA. Effect of providing light during incubation on the health, productivity, and behavior of broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 2009 Jan 1;88(1):29-37.
Bruzual JJ, Peak SD, Brake J, Peebles ED. Effects of relative humidity during incubation on hatchability and body weight of broiler chicks from young breeder flocks. Poult Sci. 2000 Jun 1;79(6):827-30.
Chen YC, Sheen JM, Tiao MM, Tain YL, Huang LT. Roles of melatonin in fetal programming in compromised pregnancies. Int J Mol Sci. 2013 Mar;14(3):5380-401.
Chong NWS, Sugden D. The ontogeny of 2-[125I]iodomelatonin binding sites in chicken brain. Neurosci Lett. 1992 Apr 13;138(1):37-40.
Darras VM, Berghman LR, Vanderpooten A, Kuhn ER. Growth hormone acutely decreases type III iodothyronine deiodinase in chicken liver. FEBS Lett. 1992 Sep 21;310(1):5-8.
Dishon L, Avital-Cohen N, Zaguri S, Bartman J, Heiblum R, Druyan S, Porter TE, Gumulka M, Rozenboim I. In-ovo green light photostimulation during different embryonic stages affect somatotropic axis. Poult Sci. 2018 Jun 1;97(6):1998-2004.
Dishon L, Avital-Cohen N, Zaguri S, Bartman J, Heiblum R, Druyan S, Porter TE, Gumulka M, Rozenboim I. In ovo green light photostimulation during the late incubation stage affects somatotropic axis activity. Poult Sci. 2021 Feb 1;100(2):467-73.
Drozdova A, Okuliarova M, Zeman M. The effect of different wavelengths of light during incubation on the development of rhythmic pineal melatonin biosynthesis in chick embryos. Animal. 2019 Aug;13(8):1635-40.
Drozdova A, Kankova Z, Zeman M. Effect of cold and warm white light on selected endocrine and immune parameters of broiler embryos and hatchlings. Czech J Anim Sci. 2020 Nov 27;65(11):431-41.
Dubocovich ML, Markowska M. Functional MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptors in mammals. Endocrine. 2005 Jul;27(2):101-10.
Halevy O, Piestun Y, Rozenboim I, Yablonka-Reuveni Z. In ovo exposure to monochromatic green light promotes skeletal muscle cell proliferation and synchronizes myofiber development in posthatch chicks. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006 Apr;290(4):R1062-70.
Hardeland R, Cardinali DP, Srinivasan V, Spence DW, Brown GM, Pandi-Perumal SR. Melatonin – A pleiotropic, orchestrating regulator molecule. Prog Neurobiol. 2011 Mar 1;93(3):350-84.
Hsu CN, Tain YL. Light and circadian signaling pathway in pregnancy: Programming of adult health and disease. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Mar 23;21(6): 17 p.
Huth JC, Archer GS. Effects of LED lighting during incubation on layer and broiler hatchability, chick quality, stress susceptibility and post-hatch growth. Poult Sci. 2015 Dec 1;94(12):3052-8.
Ozkan S, Yalcin S, Babacanoglu E, Uysal S, Karadas F, Kozanoglu H. Photoperiodic lighting (16 h of light: 8 h of dark) programs during incubation: 2. Effects on early posthatching growth, blood physiology and production performance in broiler chickens in relation to posthatching lighting programs. Poult Sci. 2012a Nov 1;91(11):2922-30.
Ozkan S, Yalcin S, Babacanoglu E, Kozanoglu H, Karadas F, Uysal S. Photoperiodic lighting (16 hours of light: 8 hours of dark) programs during incubation: 1. Effects on growth and circadian physiological traits of embryos and early stress response of broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 2012b Nov 1;91(11):2912-21.
Paulose JK, Peters JL, Karaganis SP, Cassone VM. Pineal melatonin acts as a circadian zeitgeber and growth factor in chick astrocytes. J Pineal Res. 2009 Apr;46(3):286-94.
Rozenboim I, Piestun Y, Mobarkey N, Barak M, Hoyzman A, Halevy O. Monochromatic light stimuli during embryogenesis enhance embryo development and posthatch growth. Poult Sci. 2004 Aug 1;83(8):1413-9.
Rozenboim I, El Halawani MEE, Kashash Z, Piestun Y, Halevy O. The effect of monochromatic photostimulation on growth and development of broiler birds. Gen Comp Endocr. 2013 Sep 1;190:214-9.
Shafey TM, Al-Bathhan HA, Ghannam MM, Al-Ayed MS. Effect of intensity of eggshell pigment and illuminated incubation on hatchability of brown eggs. Brit Poult Sci. 2005 Apr 1; 46(2):190-8.
Siuciak JA, Krause DN, Dubocovich ML. Quantitative pharmacological analysis of 2-125I-iodomelatonin binding sites in discrete areas of the chicken brain. J Neurosci. 1991 Sep 1;11(9):2855-64.
Tong Q, McGonnell IM, Demmers TGM, Roulston N, Bergoug H, Romanini CE, Verhelst R, Guinebretiere M, Eterradossi N, Berckmans D, Exadaktylos V. Effect of a photoperiodic green light programme during incubation on embryo development and hatch process. Animal. 2018 Apr;12(4):765-73.
Vasilatos-Younken R, Zhou Y, Wang X, McMurtry JP, Rosebrough RW, Decuypere E, Buys N, Darras VM, Van Der Geyten S, Tomas F. Altered chicken thyroid hormone metabolism with chronic GH enhancement in vivo: Consequences for skeletal muscle growth. J Endocrinol. 2000 Sep 1;166(3):609-20.
Zeman M, Illnerova H. Ontogeny of N-acetyltransferase activity rhythm in pineal gland of chick embryo. Comp Biochem Physiol Part A Comp Physiol. 1990 Jan 1;97(2):175-8.
Zhang L, Zhang H, Qiao X, Yue H, Wu S, Yao J, Qi G. Effect of monochromatic light stimuli during embryogenesis on muscular growth, chemical composition and meat quality of breast muscle in male broilers. Poult Sci. 2012 Apr 1;91(4):1026-31.
Zhang Z, Cao J, Wang Z, Dong Y, Chen Y. Effect of a combination of green and blue monochromatic light on broiler immune response. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2014a Sep 5;138:118-23.
Zhang L, Wu S, Wang J, Qiao X, Yue H, Yao J, Zhang H, Qi G. Changes of plasma growth hormone, insulin-like growth factors-I, thyroid hormones, and testosterone concentrations in embryos and broiler chickens incubated under monochromatic green light. Ital J Anim Sci. 2014b Jan 1;13(3):530-5.
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti