Analysis of amino acid composition of sheep colostrum by near-infrared spectroscopy

https://doi.org/10.17221/4297-CJASCitation:Kráčmar S., Jankovská R., Šustová K., Kuchtík J., Zeman L. (2004): Analysis of amino acid composition of sheep colostrum by near-infrared spectroscopy. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 49: 177-182.
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This paper deals with changes in the basic composition of sheep colostrum within the first 72 hours after parturition on the one hand and with the possibility of determining the major components of sheep colostrum by near-infrared spectroscopy on the other. Levels of essential, nonessential and total amino acids in sheep colostrum were determined by near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS). ). For each component, sets of 90 samples were used to calibrate the instrument by means of a modified partial least-squares regression. The values of correlation coefficients (r) were as follows: 0.979 for Thr; 0.954 for Val; 0.968 for Leu; 0.918 for Ile; 0.946 for Lys; 0.908 for Arg; 0.845 for His; 0.999 for Trp; 0.915 for Phe; 0.909 for Met; 0.939 for Cys; 0.911 for Σmet + Cys; 0.933 for Tyr; 0.945 for Asp; 0.935 for Glu; 0.986 for Ser; 0.985 for Pro; 0.957 for Gly; 0.949 for Ala; 0.940 for ΣEAA; 0.958 for ΣNEAA and 0.977 for ΣAA. Partial least-squares (PLS) regression was used to develop calibration models for examined samples of sheep colostrum. When using the NIRS method, the following correlation coefficients were calculated: Thr (0.959), Val (0.912), Leu (0.936), Ile (0.855), Lys (0.903), Arg (0.853), His (0.717), Trp (0.667), Phe (0.854), Met (0.867), Cys (0.895), Σmet + Cys (0.868), Tyr (0.886), Asp (0.910), Glu (0.882), Ser (0.968), Pro (0.968), Gly (0.923), Ala (0.916), ΣEAA (0.901), ΣNEAA (0.923) and ΣAA (0.943). Calibration was tested using the same set of samples.NIRS results were compared with reference data and no significant differences between them were found (P = 0.05). Calibration and validation models were constructed in the same way.Results of this study indicate that NIR spectroscopy can be used for a rapid analysis of amino acid contents in sheep colostrum.  
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