Effect of potential probiotic Enterococcus faecium strains on selected microflora in turkeys
M. Marciňáková, V. Strompfová, K. Boldižárová, M. Simonová, A. Lauková, P. Naďhttps://doi.org/10.17221/4175-CJASCitation:Marciňáková M., Strompfová V., Boldižárová K., Simonová M., Lauková A., Naď P. (2005): Effect of potential probiotic Enterococcus faecium strains on selected microflora in turkeys. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 50: 341-346.
A group of twenty-six turkeys at the age of seven weeks was divided into four groups (7 birds in three groups 5 in control). The first group of turkeys was used as the control group. The other three groups were inoculated for 7 days with the following bacteria: Enterococcus faecium EE3 strain (2.1 × 109 cfu/ml), E. faecium EK13 strain (1.76 × 1010 cfu/ml) and E. faecium EF55 strain (5 × 108 cfu/ml). Sampling of faeces from each turkey was done at the beginning of experiment (at day 0) and in 7 days from the strain application. The total counts of EE3 strain in faeces of turkeys in EE3 group at day 7 were 4.07 ± 1.04 log cfu/g. At the same day bacteriocin-producing strain EK13 reached the value 5.26 ± 0.2 log cfu/g and the counts of EF55 strain amounted to 4.13 ± 0.64 log cfu/g. When total counts of E. coli colonies were checked at day 7 after the application of EE3 and EF55 strains to turkeys, significant differences in cell counts were found out (in EE3 group a difference of 2.43 log, P < 0.01; in EF55 group a difference of 1.93 log, P < 0.001) compared to the control and EE3 and EF55 groups. The highest reduction of Pseudomonas spp. was determined at day 7 after EE3 strain application (difference of 1.85; P < 0.01) and after EF55 strain application (difference of 0.78 log, P < 0.05) in comparison with the control group. EK13 strain did not influence the counts of E. coli and Pseudomonas spp. in faeces of turkeys. The average daily gain increased in all probiotic groups compared to the control group (EE3 group – 12.2%, EK13 group – 12.9%, EF55 group – 11.8%). At the beginning of experiment the values of total proteins were below the physiological limit in all groups. Although the intake of probiotic strains was associated with an increase in total proteins, the values were not adjusted to the physiological level. The values of total lipids were above the physiological level at the beginning of experiment. Administration of only EE3 strain significantly decreased the level of total lipids (difference of 1.22; log P < 0.01). The values of haematocrit, haemoglobin and activity of the blood enzyme glutathione peroxidase were not influenced.Keywords:
Enterococcus faecium; probiotic; intestinal microflora; daily gain; biochemical and zootechnical parameters