Definition of subgroups for fixed regression in the test-day animal model for milk production ofHolsteincattle in theCzech Republic
L. Zavadilová, E. Němcová, J. Přibyl, J. Wolfhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3976-CJASCitation:Zavadilová L., Němcová E., Přibyl J., Wolf J. (2005): Definition of subgroups for fixed regression in the test-day animal model for milk production ofHolsteincattle in theCzech Republic. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 50: 7-13.
The investigation was based on roughly 3.9, 2.7 and 1.7 million test-day records from first, second and third lactation, respectively, sampled from 596 200 Czech Holstein cows between the years 1991 and 2002. Breeding values were estimated from multi-lactation random-regression test-day models which contained the fixed effect of herd-test day, fixed regression on days in milk and random regressions on the animal level and the permanent environmental effect. Third degree Legendre polynomials (with four coefficients) were used for both the fixed and random regressions. The models differed in fixed regression. In Analysis I, 96 subclasses were defined according to age at calving, season and year of calving within lactation. In Analysis II, days open were additionally included as a grouping factor resulting in 480 subclasses. Rank correlations over 0.98 between both analyses were observed for breeding values for sires. Grouping according to Analysis I was recommended.Keywords:
test-day model with random regression; fixed regression subgroups; lactation curves; milk yield; dairy cattle