Adult steers for beef production: breed effect on animal performance, retail yield and carcass quality
C. Vieira, A. Cerdeño, E. Serrano, Mantecón ARhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3966-CJASCitation:Vieira C., Cerdeño A., Serrano E., AR M. (2006): Adult steers for beef production: breed effect on animal performance, retail yield and carcass quality. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 51: 467-474.
The production of adult steers for beef could be a profitable use of the territory in some mountain areas in the south of Europe, where this production is nearly inexistent, owing to an increase in the demand for meat from adult animals in specialized markets. The objective of this study was to evaluate the profitability of beef production in three breeds adapted to these areas but varying greatly in their mature size. The studied breeds were a specialized meat breed Limousin, a dual-purpose breed – Brown Swiss breed and – a Spanish local breed Asturiana de los Valles. Higher growth rates (P < 0.05) and higher carcass weights (P < 0.05) were achieved by Brown Swiss and Limousin. In relation to carcass value, better results of dressing percentage (P < 0.001), conformation (P < 0.001) and saleable meat percentages (P < 0.001) were obtained byLimousin. Due to preferences of the adult steers market for carcass with high fatness, Brown Swiss and Limousin could be more suitable to make this production profitable than Asturiana de los Valles (4.7 and 4.2 vs. 2.7, respectively, on the EUROP scale).Keywords:
adult steers; carcass quality; breed effect; retail yield