The effect of genotype, housing system and egg collection time on egg quality in egg type hens
E. Tůmová, M. Skřivan, M. Englmaierová, L. Zitahttps://doi.org/10.17221/1736-CJASCitation:Tůmová E., Skřivan M., Englmaierová M., Zita L. (2009): The effect of genotype, housing system and egg collection time on egg quality in egg type hens. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 54: 17-23.
The effect of egg collection time, genotype and housing system on egg quality characteristics was evaluated in an experiment with laying hens of ISA Brown, Hisex Brown and Moravia housed on litter and in conventional cages. The experiment was conducted from 20 to 64 weeks of age. Eggs were collected and recorded daily at 06:00, 10:00 and 14:00 h. Once every four weeks, two days in row, all eggs laid from each pen or cage at each oviposition time were used for egg quality analyses (total 1 694 eggs). Egg collection time was dependent on genotype. Significantly more eggs were laid at 06:00h by ISA Brown while Moravia laid eggs mainly at 10:00 and 14:00 h. Housing on litter postponed the time of oviposition. The highest egg weight (62.09 g) was recorded in Hisex Brown genotype placed in cages and at 06.00 h. Interactions of all factors were determined also in Haugh units (P ≤ 0.041). Eggshell strength was affected by housing system, genotype and egg collection time (P ≤ 0.049). It was higher in cages than on litter, and lower in the Moravia genotype in comparison with the other two strains.Keywords:egg quality; genotype; housing system; collection time; hens