Relationships between milk urea and production and fertility traits in Holstein dairy herds in the Czech Republic
D. Řehák, R. Rajmon, M. Kubešová, M. Štípková, J. Volek, F. Jílekhttps://doi.org/10.17221/1664-CJASCitation:Řehák D., Rajmon R., Kubešová M., Štípková M., Volek J., Jílek F. (2009): Relationships between milk urea and production and fertility traits in Holstein dairy herds in the Czech Republic. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 54: 193-200.
The objective of this study was to determine how the concentration of milk urea (MU) and FPCM production affect reproduction in selected Holstein dairy herds in the Czech Republic. A retrospective, observational study comprising analyses of individual cow records from monthly dairy herd improvement (DHI) milk tests including milk urea (MU) concentration was conducted in six commercial Holstein dairy herds in cows that were bred from July 2000 to August 2003. A total of 1 333 cows with available breeding date, pregnancy status, and calving to first service interval from 31 to 150 days were selected. The data were evaluated using the mixed linear model and logistic analyses. The effect of MU concentration on the probability of conception at first service was not significant (P = 0.11). The results indicated a nonlinear relationship between MU concentration and the probability of conception. A significant effect of the length of calving to first service interval (P < 0.05) and FPCM (P < 0.05) was determined. The cows with the calving to first service interval longer than 2 months had higher probability of conception (10% higher). In the group with the highest FPCM a markedly lower level of successful pregnancy was determined (38.99%), which significantly differed from the group with average FPCM production (48.53%). The probability of conception at first service in the group with the lowest FPCM is at an average level (43.55%).Keywords:dairy cow; reproduction; probability of conception