The effect of feeding diets markedly differing in the proportion of grass and maize silages on bovine milk fat composition

https://doi.org/10.17221/1679-CJASCitation:Samková E., Pešek M., Špička J., Pelikánová T., Hanuš O. (2009): The effect of feeding diets markedly differing in the proportion of grass and maize silages on bovine milk fat composition. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 54: 93-100.
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Ten Czech Pied cows in the mid-lactation stage were fed diets based on grass silage and maize silage. The composition of milk fats differed. The proportions of even-chain saturated fatty acids (SFAs) up to C14:0 were insignificant and the content of C16:0 was significantly higher (P < 0.05) when feeding a diet based on maize silage, while the proportions of the individual polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) were significantly (except for C18:2) higher when feeding a diet based on grass silage. The total SFA proportions were 67.60 and 62.93% (P < 0.05) of maize and grass silages, respectively, while an opposite relation was observed for the sum of PUFAs (3.56 and 4.74%; P < 0.001). Feeding of grass silage resulted in a significantly lower proportion of hypercholesterolaemic fatty acids C12:0, C14:0 and C16:0 (49.38 and 44.98%, respectively; P < 0.05) and in lower values of the atherogenic index (3.03 and 2.44; P < 0.05). Thus, the results could be used for the improvement of milk fat composition.
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