The effect of dietary selenium sources and levels on performance, selenium content in muscle and glutathione peroxidase activity in broiler chickens

https://doi.org/10.17221/2487-CJASCitation:Heindl J., Ledvinka Z., Englmaierová M., Zita L., Tůmová E. (2010): The effect of dietary selenium sources and levels on performance, selenium content in muscle and glutathione peroxidase activity in broiler chickens. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 55: 572-578.
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The study examined the effect of dietary supplements of sodium selenite (SS), selenium-enriched yeast (Sel-Plex®, SP) and selenium-enriched alga Chlorella (SCH) on growth traits, carcass analysis, selenium content in breast meat, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in breast and thigh meat and liver of chickens. The experiment was realized with seven hundred thirty-five cockerels Ross 308 randomly divided into 7 dietary treatments with 3 replications in each treatment. Chickens were fed a diet supplemented with 0 (control), 0.15 or 0.30 mg of selenium/kg in the form of sodium selenite (SS), Sel-Plex® (SP) and selenium-enriched alga Chlorella (SCH). Selenium addition influenced body weight at 21 (P ≤ 0.001) and 35 (P ≤ 0.05) days of age. Significantly higher body weight at 35 days of age was determined in chickens receiving 0.15 mg of selenium from SP (2 122 g) and 0.3 mg of selenium from SCH (2 116 g) contrary to dietary treatment with a lower level of selenium from SCH (2 010 g) per kg of feed. The selenium content in breast muscle was increased (P ≤ 0.001) by both the lower and higher selenium concentration in the form of SP (0.6 and 0.85 mg/kg dry matter) and SCH (0.6 and 0.82 mg/kg dry matter) in comparison with the control (0.31 mg/kg dry matter). A significant increase (P ≤ 0.001) was ascertained even in SS treatments, but no significant differences were found between both levels. The selenium source and level, including SS, significantly (P ≤ 0.001) influenced the GSH-Px activity in breast and thigh meat.  
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