Chemical characterization and in vitro biological activity of four tropical legumes, Styzolobium aterrimum L., Styzolobium deeringianum, Leucaena leucocephala, and Mimosa caesalpiniaefolia, as compared with a tropical grass, Cynodon spp. for the use in ruminant diets
C. Longo, J. Hummel, J. Liebich, I.C.S. Bueno, P. Burauel, E.J. Ambrosano, A.L. Abdalla, U.Y. Anele, K.-H. Südekumhttps://doi.org/10.17221/5960-CJASCitation:Longo C., Hummel J., Liebich J., Bueno I.C.S., Burauel P., Ambrosano E.J., Abdalla A.L., Anele U.Y., Südekum K.-. (2012): Chemical characterization and in vitro biological activity of four tropical legumes, Styzolobium aterrimum L., Styzolobium deeringianum, Leucaena leucocephala, and Mimosa caesalpiniaefolia, as compared with a tropical grass, Cynodon spp. for the use in ruminant diets. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 57: 255-264.
Leucaena leucocephala (LEU) and three under-utilized tanniferous legumes, Styzolobium aterrimum L. (STA), Styzolobium deeringianum (STD), and Mimosa caesalpiniaefolia Benth (MIC) were chemically characterized and the biological activity of tannins was evaluated using in vitro simulated ruminal fermentation through tannin-binding polyethylene glycol (PEG) and compared with a non-tanniferous tropical grass hay, Cynodon spp. (CYN). The Hohenheim gas test was used and gas production (GP) was recorded at 4, 8, 12, 24, 32, 48, 56, 72, 80, and 96 h incubation with and without PEG. Kinetic parameters were estimated by an exponential model. STA, STD, and LEU contained higher (P < 0.05) crude protein than MIC, which had greater neutral detergent fibre and acid detergent fibre. Total phenols, total tannins, and condensed tannins (CT) were consistently the highest in MIC. Gas production was the lowest from MIC (P < 0.05) and the highest in LEU and STA. MIC + PEG largely reduced (P < 0.05) the lag phase and the fractional rate of fermentation and increased potential GP. Kinetic parameters of STA + PEG and LEU + PEG were not affected. LEU + PEG produced greater gas increment (P < 0.05) than STD + PEG, although both legumes had the same CT. All legumes except MIC were more extensively degraded than CYN. However, fermentation of the legumes was differently affected by the presence and proportions of CT, indigestible fibre or both.
tannins; tropical forages; rumen fermentation; gas production; kinetics; PEG