Assessment of genetic relationship between six populations of Welsh Mountain sheep using microsatellite markers

https://doi.org/10.17221/8171-CJASCitation:Huson K.M., Haresign W., Hegarty M.J., Blackmore T.M., Morgan C., McEwan N.R. (2015): Assessment of genetic relationship between six populations of Welsh Mountain sheep using microsatellite markers. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 60: 216-224.
download PDF
This study investigated the genetic relationship between 6 populations of Welsh Mountain sheep: 5 phenotypic breed-types within the Welsh Mountain (WM) sheep breed, which have each been bred in specific geographic areas of Wales, and the Black Welsh Mountain sheep breed. Based on DNA analysis using 8 microsatellite markers, observed heterozygosity levels were similar to those expected in livestock populations subjected to selective breeding (0.530–0.664), and all but one population showed evidence of inbreeding. Using Bayesian cluster and Neighbor-joining analyses, the Black Welsh Mountain sheep were identified as being the outlier group, and the remaining groups could be categorized into five distinct sub-populations, which reflects the geographical separation seen between these populations.
References:
Korkmaz Ağaoğlu Özgecan, Ertuğrul Okan (2012): Assessment of genetic diversity, genetic relationship and bottleneck using microsatellites in some native Turkish goat breeds. Small Ruminant Research, 105, 53-60  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2011.12.005
 
Álvarez Isabel, Capote Juan, Traoré Amadou, Fonseca Norge, Pérez Kirenia, Cuervo Maite, Fernández Iván, Goyache Félix (2012): Genetic relationships of the Cuban hair sheep inferred from microsatellite polymorphism. Small Ruminant Research, 104, 89-93  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2011.10.025
 
Arranz Juan-José, Bayón Yolanda, Primitivo Fermín (2001): Differentiation among Spanish sheep breeds using microsatellites. Genetics Selection Evolution, 33, 529-  https://doi.org/10.1186/1297-9686-33-5-529
 
Blackburn H. D., Paiva S. R., Wildeus S., Getz W., Waldron D., Stobart R., Bixby D., Purdy P. H., Welsh C., Spiller S., Brown M. (): Genetic structure and diversity among sheep breeds in the United States: Identification of the major gene pools. Journal of Animal Science, 89, 2336-2348  https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2010-3354
 
Bowles Dianna, Carson Amanda, Isaac Peter, Barendse William (2014): Genetic Distinctiveness of the Herdwick Sheep Breed and Two Other Locally Adapted Hill Breeds of the UK. PLoS ONE, 9, e87823-  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087823
 
Bozzi R., Degl’Innocenti P., Rivera Diaz P., Nardi L., Crovetti A., Sargentini C., Giorgetti A. (2009): Genetic characterization and breed assignment in five Italian sheep breeds using microsatellite markers. Small Ruminant Research, 85, 50-57  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2009.07.005
 
Carrillo J. A., Siewerdt F. (): Consequences of long-term inbreeding accumulation on preweaning traits in a closed nucleus Angus herd. Journal of Animal Science, 88, 87-95  https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-1897
 
Carson Amanda, Elliott Matt, Groom Julian, Winter Agnes, Bowles Dianna (2009): Geographical isolation of native sheep breeds in the UK—Evidence of endemism as a risk factor to genetic resources. Livestock Science, 123, 288-299  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2008.11.026
 
Ciani Elena, Ciampolini Roberta, D’Andrea Mariasilvia, Castellana Elisabetta, Cecchi Francesca, Incoronato Caterina, d’Angelo Francesca, Albenzio Marzia, Pilla Fabio, Matassino Donato, Cianci Dario (2013): Analysis of genetic variability within and among Italian sheep breeds reveals population stratification and suggests the presence of a phylogeographic gradient. Small Ruminant Research, 112, 21-27  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2012.12.013
 
DEFRA (2003): The breeding structure of the British sheep industry 2003. DEFRA Publications, UK.
 
DEFRA (2014): Revised approved list of UK native breeds at risk. DEFRA Publications, UK.
 
Dalvit C., Saccà E., Cassandro M., Gervaso M., Pastore E., Piasentier E. (2008): Genetic diversity and variability in Alpine sheep breeds. Small Ruminant Research, 80, 45-51  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2008.09.005
 
Dixit S.P., Verma N.K., Aggarwal R.A.K., Vyas M.K., Rana Jyoti, Sharma Anurodh (2012): Genetic diversity and relationship among Indian goat breeds based on microsatellite markers. Small Ruminant Research, 105, 38-45  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2011.11.026
 
Duckham A.N. (1963): Farming. Volume 2. The Caxton Publishing, London, UK.
 
FAO (2011): Molecular genetic characterization of animal genetic resources. FAO Animal Production and Health Guidelines. FAO, Rome, Italy.
 
Granevitze Z., Hillel J., Chen G. H., Cuc N. T. K., Feldman M., Eding H., Weigend S. (2007): Genetic diversity within chicken populations from different continents and management histories. Animal Genetics, 38, 576-583  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2052.2007.01650.x
 
Groeneveld L. F., Lenstra J. A., Eding H., Toro M. A., Scherf B., Pilling D., Negrini R., Finlay E. K., Jianlin H., Groeneveld E., Weigend S. (2010): Genetic diversity in farm animals - a review. Animal Genetics, 41, 6-31  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2052.2010.02038.x
 
Hoffmann I., Ajmone Marsan P., Barker J.S.F., Cothran E.G., Hanotte O., Lenstra J.A., Milan D., Weigend S., Simianer H. (2004): New MoDAD marker sets to be used in diversity studies for the major farm animal species: recommendations of a joint ISAG/FAO working group. In: Proc. 29th Internat. Conference on Animal Genetics, Tokyo, Japan, 123.
 
Hybu Cig Cymru (2014): Little Book of Meat Facts: Compendium of Welsh Red Meat and Livestock Industry Statistics 2014. HCC-MPW Publications, Aberystwyth, UK.
 
Ibrahim M., Ahmed S., Swati Z., Kahn M. (2010): Genetic diversity in Balkhi, Hashtnagri and Michni sheep populations using SSR markers. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9, 7617–7628.
 
Lawson Handley L-J, Byrne K, Santucci F, Townsend S, Taylor M, Bruford M W, Hewitt G M (): Genetic structure of European sheep breeds. Heredity, 99, 620-631  https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.hdy.6801039
 
Ligda Ch., Altarayrah J., Georgoudis A. (2009): Genetic analysis of Greek sheep breeds using microsatellite markers for setting conservation priorities. Small Ruminant Research, 83, 42-48  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2009.04.002
 
Parland S.Mc, Kearney J.F., Rath M., Berry D.P. (2007): Inbreeding Effects on Milk Production, Calving Performance, Fertility, and Conformation in Irish Holstein-Friesians. Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 4411-4419  https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0227
 
MEDUGORAC IVICA, MEDUGORAC ANA, RUSS INGOLF, VEIT-KENSCH CLAUDIA E., TABERLET PIERRE, LUNTZ BERNHARD, MIX HENRY M., FÖRSTER MARTIN (2009): Genetic diversity of European cattle breeds highlights the conservation value of traditional unselected breeds with high effective population size. Molecular Ecology, 18, 3394-3410  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04286.x
 
Notter D. (1999): The importance of genetic diversity in livestock populations of the future. Journal of Animal Science, 77, 61–69.
 
NSA (1998): British Sheep. National Sheep Association, Malvern, UK.
 
Pritchard J., Stephens M., Donnelly P. (2000): Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Genetics, 155, 945–959.
 
Rendo F, Iriondo M, Jugo B.M, Mazón L.I, Aguirre A, Vicario A, Estonba A (2004): Tracking diversity and differentiation in six sheep breeds from the North Iberian Peninsula through DNA variation. Small Ruminant Research, 52, 195-202  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2003.07.004
 
Roberts J. A. Fraser, White R. G. (1930): Colour inheritance in sheep. Journal of Genetics, 22, 181-190  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02983846
 
SanCristobal M., Chevalet C., Haley C. S., Joosten R., Rattink A. P., Harlizius B., Groenen M. A. M., Amigues Y., Boscher M.-Y., Russell G., Law A., Davoli R., Russo V., Desautes C., Alderson L., Fimland E., Bagga M., Delgado J. V., Vega-Pla J. L., Martinez A. M., Ramos M., Glodek P., Meyer J. N., Gandini G. C., Matassino D., Plastow G. S., Siggens K. W., Laval G., Archibald A. L., Milan D., Hammond K., Cardellino R. (2006): Genetic diversity within and between European pig breeds using microsatellite markers. Animal Genetics, 37, 189-198  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2052.2005.01385.x
 
Wood R. (1937): Survey of sheep management in Great Britain: Volume 3 of Reports of the college travelling scholarships in agriculture. College of Estate Management, Reading, UK.
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences