Carcass composition and meat quality of Czech genetic resources of nutrias (Myocastor coypus)

https://doi.org/10.17221/8556-CJASCitation:Tůmová E., Chodová D., Svobodová J., Uhlířová L., Volek Z. (2015): Carcass composition and meat quality of Czech genetic resources of nutrias (Myocastor coypus). Czech J. Anim. Sci., 60: 479-486.
download PDF
The effects of sex and colour type on carcass composition, nutrients content, and muscle fibre characteristics of hind leg meat of nutrias raised under intensive conditions were the focus of this study. Thirty-six eight-month-old nutrias of both sexes with three colour types (Standard nutria, ST; Moravian Silver, MS; and Prestice Multicolour, PM) were studied. Live weight was affected by colour type (P < 0.05) and sex (P < 0.001); however, no effects of these variables were found for the dressing out percentage. Crude protein content was significantly higher in males than in females, whereas crude fat content was higher in females. A significant interaction between colour type and sex was found for hydroxyproline and ash contents. Fatty acids were affected primarily by the sex of nutrias. No effect of colour type on the distribution of muscle fibres in the Biceps femoris muscle was found. However, females had fewer βR (P < 0.05) and more αR fibres (P < 0.001) than males.
References:
Alt M., Fuhsy D., Beutling D. (2006): Quality parameters of nutria meat. Fleischwirtschaft, 86, 126–128. (in German)
 
AOAC (1995): Official Methods of Analysis. 16th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, USA.
 
AOAC (2005): Official Methods of Analysis. 18th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Gaithersburg, USA.
 
Ariño Beatriz, Hernández Pilar, Blasco Agustín (2006): Comparison of texture and biochemical characteristics of three rabbit lines selected for litter size or growth rate. Meat Science, 73, 687-692  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2006.03.014
 
Ashmore C.R., Doerr L. (1971): Comparative aspects of muscle fiber types in different species. Experimental Neurology, 31, 408-418  https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(71)90243-3
 
Beutling D., Cholewa R., Miarka K. (2008): The nutria as a meat and fleece producer. Fleischwirtschaft, 88, 106–110. (in German)
 
Blasco A., Ouhayoun J. (1996): Harmonisation of criteria and terminology in rabbit meat research. World Rabbit Science, 4, 93–99.
 
Brooke M.H., Kaiser K.K. (1970): Muscle fiber types: How many and what kind? Archives of Neurology, 23, 369–379.
 
Cabrera M.C., del Puerto M., Olivero R., Otero E., Saadoun A. (2007): Growth, yield of carcass and biochemical composition of meat and fat in nutria (Myocastor coypus) reared in an intensive production system. Meat Science, 76, 366-376  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2006.12.005
 
Chodova D., Tumova E., Martinec M., Bizkova Z., Skrivanova V., Volek Z., Zita L. (2014): The effect of housing system and genotype on rabbit meat quality. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 59, 190–199.
 
Cholewa R., Pietrzak M., Beutling D. (2009): Meat quality of nutria. Fleischwirtschaft, 10, 112–116. (in German)
 
Zotte A. Dalle, Rémignon H., Ouhayoun J. (2005): Effect of feed rationing during post-weaning growth on meat quality, muscle energy metabolism and fibre properties of Biceps femoris muscle in the rabbit. Meat Science, 70, 301-306  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2005.01.016
 
Diemar W. (1963): Laboratory Manual for Food Chemists. Theodor Steinkopf Verlag, Dresden, Germany. (in German)
 
Englmaierova M., Skrivanova V., Skrivan M. (2014): The effect of non-phytate phosphorus and phytase levels on performance, egg and tibia quality, and pH of the digestive tract in hens fed higher-calcium-content diet. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 59, 107–115.
 
FAVERIN C., CORVA P. M., HOZBOR F. A. (2002): Slaughter traits of adult coypus grown in captivity. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 138, -  https://doi.org/10.1017/S002185960100171X
 
Folch J.M., Lees M., Sloane-Stanley G.H. (1957): A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 226, 497–509.
 
FUENTES I., COBOS A. R., SEGADE L. A. G. (1998): Muscle fibre types and their distribution in the biceps and triceps brachii of the rat and rabbit. Journal of Anatomy, 192, 203-210  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-7580.1998.19220203.x
 
Głogowski Robert, Panas Michał (2009): Efficiency and proximate composition of meat in male and female nutria (Myocastor coypus) in an extensive feeding system. Meat Science, 81, 752-754  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2008.11.002
 
Głogowski Robert, Czauderna Marian, Rozbicka Agnieszka, Krajewska Katarzyna A., Clauss Marcus (2010): Fatty acid profile of hind leg muscle in female and male nutria (Myocastor coypus Mol.), fed green forage diet. Meat Science, 85, 577-579  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2010.03.008
 
Hernández P., Ariño B., Grimal A., Blasco A. (2006): Comparison of carcass and meat characteristics of three rabbit lines selected for litter size or growth rate. Meat Science, 73, 645-650  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2006.03.007
 
Hoffman Louwrens C., Cawthorn Donna (2013): Exotic protein sources to meet all needs. Meat Science, 95, 764-771  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2013.04.027
 
Mertin D., Hanusova J., Flak P. (2003): Assessment of meat efficiency in nutria (Myocastor coypus). Czech Journal of Animal Science, 48, 35–45.
 
Metzger S.Z., Odermatt M., Szendro Z.S., Mohaupt M., Romvari R., Makai A., Biro-Nemeth E., Sipos L., Radnai I., Horn P. (2006): A study of the carcass traits of different rabbit genotypes. World Rabbit Science, 14, 107–114.
 
Meuwissen T. (2009): Genetic management of small populations: A review. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A - Animal Science, 59, 71-79  https://doi.org/10.1080/09064700903118148
 
Migdał Łukasz, Barabasz Bogusław, Niedbała Piotr, Łapiński Stanisław, Pustkowiak Henryk, Živković Branislav, Migdał Władysław (2013): A comparison of selected biochemical characteristics of meat from nutrias (Myocastor coypus Mol.) and rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) / Porównanie wskaźników biochemicznych mięsa nutrii (Myocastor coypus Mol.) i królików (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Annals of Animal Science, 13, -  https://doi.org/10.2478/aoas-2013-0018
 
Piette G., Raymond Y. (1999): A comparative evaluation of various methods used to determine rancidity in meat products. Fleischwirtschaft, 79, 69–73. (in German)
 
Raes Katleen, De Smet Stefaan, Balcaen An, Claeys Erik, Demeyer Daniel (2003): Effect of diets rich in N-3 polyunsatured fatty acidson muscle lipids and fatty acidsin Belgian Blue double-muscled young bulls. Reproduction Nutrition Development, 43, 331-345  https://doi.org/10.1051/rnd:2003029
 
Saadoun A., Cabrera M.C., Castellucio P. (2006): Fatty acids, cholesterol and protein content of nutria (Myocastor coypus) meat from an intensive production system in Uruguay. Meat Science, 72, 778-784  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2005.10.007
 
Szendro Z., Matics Z., Gerencser Z., Nagy I., Lengyel M., Horn P., Dalle Zotte A. (): Effect of dam and sire genotypes on productive and carcass traits of rabbits. Journal of Animal Science, 88, 533-543  https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-2045
 
Tulley Richard T., Malekian Fatemeh M., Rood Jennifer C., Lamb Mary B., Champagne Catherine M., Redmann Stephen M., Patrick Ruth, Kinler Noel, Raby C.T. (2000): Analysis of the Nutritional Content of Myocastor coypus. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 13, 117-125  https://doi.org/10.1006/jfca.1999.0865
 
Tůmová Eva, Martinec Miloslav, Volek Zdenek, Härtlová Helena, Chodová Darina, Bízková Zuzana (2013): A study of growth and some blood parameters in Czech rabbits. World Rabbit Science, 21, -  https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2013.1320
 
Tůmová E., Bízková Z., Skřivanová V., Chodová D., Martinec M., Volek Z. (2014): Comparisons of carcass and meat quality among rabbit breeds of different sizes, and hybrid rabbits. Livestock Science, 165, 8-14  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2014.04.019
 
Van Soest P.J., Wine R.H. (1967): Use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds. 4. Determination of plant cell-wall constituents. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 50, 50–55.
 
Volek Zdeněk, Marounek Milan (2011): Effect of feeding growing–fattening rabbits a diet supplemented with whole white lupin (Lupinus albus cv. Amiga) seeds on fatty acid composition and indexes related to human health in hind leg meat and perirenal fat. Meat Science, 87, 40-45  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2010.08.015
 
Zomeno C., Blasco A., Hernandez P. (): Influence of genetic line on lipid metabolism traits of rabbit muscle. Journal of Animal Science, 88, 3419-3427  https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-2778
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences